Who is a gastroenterologist?
A specialist who diagnoses, diagnoses, treats diseases of the gastrointestinal system, is a gastroenterologist. In this way it would be necessary to formulate the direction of this specialization according to the Greek sources - gaster, enteron, logos, which literally means the stomach, gut and teaching. However, every year information on pathologies in various parts of the digestive tract is added, the diseases are studied more deeply, so changes began in the specialization - adding supervised organs and dividing into narrow areas:
- Abdominal surgeons.
Therefore, answering the question, who is a gastroenterologist, you need to consider all possible specializations of this doctor. Accordingly, in addition to basic training in a higher medical institution, a gastroenterologist must undergo advanced postgraduate training in clinical residency and, as a result, acquire such knowledge and skills:
- Clinical symptoms, pathogenesis of development and prognosis of the main pathologies of the digestive system.
- Semiotics, diagnostics of diseases of all organs of the digestive tract.
- Basic provisions for the treatment and prevention of digestive tract diseases.
- Examination, palpation, auscultation, percussion, abdominal puncture.
- Preparation of the patient for examination (X-ray of the stomach, intestines, gallbladder).
- Conducting or supervising the process of endoscopic examinations - FGDS, colonoscopy, laparoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, as well as an adequate evaluation of the results.
- Ability to correctly assess the results of ultrasound studies of the liver, pancreas.
- Ability to evaluate the results of computed tomography of all organs of the abdominal region.
- Ability to correctly analyze and evaluate the results of laboratory studies - biochemical blood test, coprogram, PH-metry, fractional study of gastric juice.
- Knowledge of the criteria of indications or contraindications to surgical intervention.
- Ability to determine the tactics and strategy of treatment of the revealed pathology.
- Knowledge of the basics of physiotherapy, massage, exercise therapy.
- Knowledge of the bases of therapeutic nutrition, dietotherapy.
- Basic criteria for determining the need for sanatorium treatment.
- General issues of preventing diseases of the digestive tract.
- Ability to correctly prepare the relevant medical documentation.
Summarizing, you can say who is a gastroenterologist. He is a highly educated specialist with deep, extensive knowledge and practical skills in the diagnosis, therapy and prevention of almost all diseases related to digestion.
When should I go to a gastroenterologist?
Problems of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the organs of the digestive system have the same ancient history as the first food taken by our ancestors. Unfortunately, today the pathologies of the digestive system are the second most numerous among all the diseases of mankind. Therefore, the question of when to contact a gastroenterologist is extremely important and relevant. Any discomfort or pain, such as heartburn, colic, constipation, spasms, or flatulence, should be the reason to get counseling or to undergo examination.
Within the framework of the problem of digestive system diseases, the most important task, directly relating to the patient himself, is not to allow the pathological process to pass into a chronic form. Many doctors are convinced that most GI diseases can be treated fairly quickly and successfully if they are detected at the earliest stages. And chronic pathologies are extremely difficult to supervise and often lead to exacerbations, up to those that need surgery.
So, when, at what signs, symptoms should you go to a gastroenterologist?
- If the pain in the abdomen is not individual, last more than a day, or repeated regularly.
- If discomfort in the digestive system disrupts the overall rhythm of life, interferes with work.
- If you lose your appetite.
- If the weight begins to decrease or increase.
- With any symptoms accompanied by nausea or vomiting. Indomitable vomiting requires urgent care.
- If the pain in the abdomen is accompanied by an increase in temperature.
- With indomitable diarrhea (emergency treatment).
- Constant heartburn.
- If the pain in the abdomen occurs at night, is acute, intolerable.
- If the history already has a disease associated with the gastrointestinal tract.
- If you have suffered a catarrhal operation.
- If the pain in the digestive organs occurs after taking certain medications.
- If you have a history of diabetes.
In addition, the threatening conditions of the "acute abdomen", when the pain is unbearable, are accompanied by a drop in blood pressure, pulse, tachycardia, nausea, and fainting condition serve as an excuse for receiving emergency medical care.