The choice of gymnastic technique and the frequency of its implementation depend on the ophthalmic disease, the type of load and the purpose of the exercise. For example, with strabismus, which is caused by an abnormal structure or spasms of the muscles of the eye, exercises are aimed at correcting muscle load. With myopia or hyperopia, the technique of training is aimed at accommodating the eye, that is, its adaptation.
For a comprehensive study of muscle structures, complex visual techniques are recommended, which include different types of exercises:
- Close your eyes and relax for 1 minute, then blink rapidly for 2 minutes. It improves blood circulation and relieves fatigue.
- Stand by the window and focus on a specific point on the glass. Select the distant object outside the window. Look into the distance for a few seconds, then move your gaze to the point. Follow 3-4 approaches.
- Close your eyes tightly for 10 seconds, then open them wide. Do 10 reps. Exercise improves blood circulation, relaxes the eye muscles, and strengthens the eyelid muscles.
- Look at maximum amplitude left-right, up-down, clockwise and counterclockwise, diagonally. Close your pupils on the bridge of your nose and blink quickly.
Classes are best done in the morning or before bedtime. Each exercise should be repeated 5-20 times, and the load should be increased gradually. All movements should be smooth, without sudden jerks. After exercising, it is recommended to wash your eyes with cool water. 
Exercises to strengthen the circular muscle of the eye
The normal functioning of the optical system depends on the consistency in the work of all components of the visual muscular system. The muscles are responsible for moving the eyeball in space, opening and closing the eyelids. The circular muscle is part of the muscular apparatus of the eye. In structure, it is similar to a plate that protects the eyeballs from outside influences.
Features of the circular muscle:
- Located under the layer of skin in front of the eye socket.
- Consists of three parts: lacrimal, secular and orbital.
- Forms a ring of muscle fibers around the palpebral fissure.
- Contains two bundles of Riolan fibers, which are isolated from the rest and are responsible for pressing the eyelids to the surface of the eyeball.
As for the physiological functions of the circular muscle of the eye, it is responsible for closing the eyelids and protecting the orbit of the eye. All of its parts perform specific functions. For example, the orbital causes the eyes to close, the secular helps to close the eyelids. The lacrimal stimulates the excretion of the lacrimal fluid by expanding the lacrimal sac. 
There are a number of symptoms that indicate damage to the circular muscle structure:
- Dry eyes.
- Increased lacrimation.
- Inversion or drooping of the lower eyelid.
- Convulsive twitching of the eyelids.
- Opening of the palpebral fissure during sleep.
- Keratitis, corneal ulcer and more.
Without timely seeking medical help, the above symptoms can cause serious diseases of the circular muscle of the eye: blepharospasm, lagophthalmos and others. Treatment of these pathologies takes a long time and is not always successful. Based on this, timely diagnosis and prevention are aimed at preventing painful conditions. 
A set of exercises to strengthen the circular muscle of the eye:
- Close your eyes with your palms for 3-5 seconds, then open your eyes wide for 1-2 seconds. Do 10 reps.
- Look in front of you, pull the lower eyelid to the upper one for 2-3 seconds. As you lower your eyelid, relax it as much as possible. Do 5-10 sets.
- Slowly roll your eyes in a circle to the right and left. Gradually move your eyes up and down.
- Move your eyes to the left, hold for 2-3 seconds and move your gaze to the bridge of the nose. Run to the right, up and down.
- Raise your eyebrows up, hold this position for 5 seconds and slowly lower your eyebrows.
The above exercises strengthen the eye muscles and eyelids, relieve swelling under the eyes, prevent the formation of mimic wrinkles and smooth crow's feet at the outer corners of the eyes, tone the skin.
Exercises to strengthen the muscles around the eyes
Several muscle structures surround the eye gap:
- Circular - consists of orbital and secular parts. Responsible for opening the eye and expanding the lacrimal sac.
- The puckering eyebrow is located under the orbicular muscle. Creases the brows by forming longitudinal folds on the forehead.
- Lowering eyebrow - starts from the medial edge of the occipital-frontal muscle and is attached to the dorsum of the nose. Responsible for lowering the eyebrow.
- Muscle of the proud - starts from the edge of the nose, is attached to the tissues of the glabella and connects to the occipital-frontal muscle. Lowers the skin of the glabella, forming transverse folds.
To strengthen the muscles around the eyes, it is recommended to do the following exercises:
- Close your eyes, one by one imagine something funny, sad, scary. React to all situations with facial expressions, lingering in each pose for 3-5 seconds.
- Place your index finger 20 cm from your eyes at the level of the bridge of your nose. Look at it for 3-5 seconds with both eyes. Cover your left and right eyes alternately with your palm, continuing to look at your finger.
- Close your eyes and blink your closed eyelids. With your eyes closed, look left, right, down, and up in circular motions.
- Open your eyes wide and look at one point for 2-3 seconds without blinking. Close your eyelids and look into the distance.
- Keep your eyes on the tip of your nose, and do not blink at it until you get a little tired.
It is recommended to carry out visual gymnastics 1-2 times a day, each exercise should be performed at least 3-5 times.