What diagnostic methods does the trichologist use?
The main emphasis of the diagnosis of the condition of the skin and hair is done on their thorough examination. There is also a questioning of the patient, during which the doctor clarifies some of the nuances:
- duration of the disease;
- dynamics and progress of the disease;
- hereditary predisposition;
- associated pathologies;
- features of a food and so forth.
As for the examination, the doctor pays attention to the presence of lesions not only in the hair area, but also on the nails, eyelashes, eyebrows, etc. The doctor's attention is drawn to the elements of rashes, the state of fatness of hair, the condition of the roots and tips of the hair, the appearance of the skin and others signs. Already on the basis of examination and questioning, a specialist can establish a 90% correct diagnosis.
After this, if necessary, the trichologist can apply the method of instrumental research - computer microscopy. What is this method? A special camera, which is connected to a computer, scales the image obtained from the microscope, and displays it on the monitor. The patient himself has the opportunity to observe his own hair under multiple magnifications. Only then, when the course of treatment will be conducted, it will be possible to observe the positive dynamics of therapy in the same way and compare the results.
Another method of diagnosis can be a trichogram, which is used, mainly, for hair loss. For the study, the patient's hair is removed (about a hundred), they are examined under a microscope to determine the stages of their growth. This makes it possible to determine the correspondence of the stages of hair development to the norm.
In most cases, the doctor sends patients for the delivery of hormonal and immunological tests. The level of thyroid hormones, sex hormones, ferritin, transferrin is studied, the urine is tested for androgen content, the state of the immune system is assessed.
Less often the doctor can offer the patient a survey on the mineral content in the blood, as well as the advice of other specialists.
Full and competent diagnosis allows not only to establish an accurate diagnosis, but also to prescribe adequate effective treatment.