To date, the treatment of the syndrome of early childhood autism is to maximize the child's ability to support his development and learning, and to ensure the functioning of the central nervous system by reducing the symptoms of the disease.
The strategy of cognitive-behavioral therapy of children 2-8 years is based on:
- psychological and pedagogical correction of behavior and communication;
- highly structured educational programs;
- speech therapy classes on development and correction of speech;
- gaming lessons on learning new skills;
- music and art therapy;
To get a positive result, we need daily individual lessons with the child of his parents and other family members, during which appropriate ways of interpersonal interaction and communication, as well as everyday life skills, are taught.
Autism Science Foundation experts believe that no medicine can save the child from the main symptoms of this disorder, but some pharmacological agents can help control them. For example, antidepressants can be prescribed with increased anxiety, antipsychotics are sometimes used to correct serious behavior abnormalities. Medicines should be prescribed and monitored by a physician with the appropriate qualifications.
Regarding the use of these drugs in the treatment of early childhood autism syndrome, there is no consensus, since this issue is under study, and the safety and efficacy of such pharmacological agents for autistic children has not been confirmed by randomized trials. In addition, the prescription of psychotropic drugs to children, according to WHO guidelines, is possible only if they have mania, schizophrenia with hallucinations and delirium, and also with strong psychomotor agitation. Medicines-neuroleptics can give unpredictable results, because - given the size of the infant's liver - their metabolism changes, and side effects are amplified.
Thus, a neurotropic drug Rispolept (Risperidone) in the form of a solution can be prescribed at 0.25 mg per day (with a body weight of up to 50 kg) in cases of prolonged aggression and psychopathic seizures. Side effects of this drug are expressed in headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, enuresis, epigastric pain, insomnia, tremor, increased heart rate, nasal congestion, weight gain, upper respiratory tract infections. Rispolept should not be administered in case of feneteonuria, pregnancy and children under 5 years.
An antipsychotic agent is Aripiprazole (Arip, Aripiprex) for the treatment of such symptoms of schizophrenia and bipolar disorders as aggression, irritability, hysterics and frequent mood changes. This drug FDA and EMEA were allowed to use, "to help children and adolescents with autism, when other methods of treatment do not work." Among the contraindications aripiprazole indicated only hypersensitivity to the drug. Side effects can be expressed in increasing body weight, sedative effect, fatigue, vomiting, sleep disturbance, tremor, convulsions. The minimum daily dose is 5 mg.
Nootropic drug Pantogam (in the form of syrup) is prescribed for neuroleptic syndromes and intellectual underdevelopment of children 250-500 mg 2-3 times a day for 3-4 months. Among the side effects of the drug appear allergic rhinitis, hives and inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Dimethylglycine (DMG) is a glycine-amino acid derivative necessary for the synthesis of many important substances in the body, including amino acids, hormones and neurotransmitters. Contraindications to its use are individual intolerance, pregnancy and lactation. The usual dose is 125 mg per day, the course of treatment is not more than 30 days.
The vitamins B1, B6, B12 are prescribed for this pathology. Also carried out physiotherapy (hydrotherapy, magnetotherapy, electrophoresis); children need physical exercise in the form of physical education, see - Exercises for children 2 years.
Official medicine does not approve of alternative treatment for such a complex neurological pathology as the syndrome of early childhood autism, especially since therapy should be comprehensive, with behavioral correction and development of the child's mental capabilities.
And not all home methods can be used by a child. There is a recipe for the drink, which is prepared from boiled water, the juice of pink grapefruit and juice squeezed from fresh ginger root, in a ratio of 5: 3: 1. Take recommended for tea, dessert or a tablespoon (depending on the age of the child). In grapefruit juice contains the antioxidant lycopene, and in the ginger root all the vitamins of group B are collected, and also there are omega-fatty acids and a number of essential amino acids (tryptophan, methionine, etc.). But ginger can not be children up to two years old.
To calm the child, it is advised to give to autistic children microscopic doses of sedative properties and improving cerebral circulation of ground nutmeg, dissolving it in a small amount of milk. However, this nut contains safrole, which is a psychotropic substance, and it is better for children not to give it without the knowledge of a doctor.
Herbal treatment is most often based on the use of melissa herbs and cornflower herbs, as well as leaves of ginkgo biloba. The broth is prepared from the calculation of 5 g of dry grass (crushed roots) per 250 ml of water, boiled for 10-15 minutes and in a cooled state give 1-2 tablespoons three times a day (25-30 minutes before meals).