What does a psychiatrist do?
What does a psychiatrist do and what is the competence of this doctor? Many people ask this question, especially when a question arises - which doctor should you contact: a psychiatrist, a psychotherapist, a psychologist or a neurologist?
A psychiatrist is a doctor who deals with mental health problems of a person, and also has a special medical education and appropriate training in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. The psychiatrist has deep knowledge in psychiatry, psychology, psychotherapy, social sciences. A certain knowledge base helps in studying the problems of mental health in the case of a specific person, as well as in determining the relationship of the mental state to physical health. This will be the key to correct diagnosis and the correct choice of treatment of the disease. The psychiatrist is engaged in a specific medication treatment of mental disorders, combined with a special psychotherapeutic approach - psychological support, establishing contact with the patient, explaining the essence of the disease, treatment regimens.
You can get help from a psychiatrist in the MHP at your place of residence, in your psychiatric and psychotherapeutic care office at a multidisciplinary polyclinic, at the departmental polyclinic. When referring to a psychiatrist, the patient is guaranteed professional assistance, as well as, if necessary, the assistance of a clinical psychologist, social workers.
What diseases does the psychiatrist cure?
What diseases are treated by a psychiatrist and how are they classified? First and foremost, the psychiatrist's task is to study the mechanism of the appearance of a mental disorder, to carry out diagnosis and prescribe a treatment. In the competence of the doctor, consultation of healthy and sick people, examination of the mental state of patients to determine the degree of mental instability and capacity.
Modern psychiatry has several specific areas:
- Organizational psychiatry.
- Forensic psychiatry.
- Social psychiatry.
- Age psychiatry.
List all the diseases that the psychiatrist can not cure - there are a lot of diseases, besides, the list is constantly increasing. The main reasons for applying to a psychiatrist are:
- attempted suicide.
- paranoid ideas, delusions and hallucinations;
- various phobias;
- prolonged insomnia;
- strong unreasonable anxiety, psychoses and other cases of mental disorders;
- schizophrenic conditions;
- mental disorders caused by the post-traumatic state;
- alcoholism, insurmountable dependencies of various types;
- delirium tremens;
- frequent hysterical fits;
- senile dementia (Alzheimer's disease);
- bulimia and anorexia.
With any of the above pathologies, the final diagnosis can be made only by a doctor a psychiatrist, in whose competence there is no doubt.