Since the rash is a symptom of a variety of diseases, the therapeutic measures are also carried out to relieve the underlying disease and alleviate the patient's condition-eliminating itching and healing the skin's surface.
With allergies, it is mandatory to identify and eliminate the allergen, to observe a hypoallergenic diet. In the treatment regimen as a detoxification agent include Enterosgel - for purifying blood and intestines from toxic substances and allergens. The active component of the drug - polymethylsiloxane polyhydrate has the ability to absorb and bind metabolites of unfinished metabolic reactions, toxins, opportunistic and pathogenic microbes, eliminating them with the feces from the body. At the same time, without disturbing the vital activity of useful microorganisms in the intestine. As a result of the detoxifying effect of Enterosgel, the activity of immune cells is stabilized. Sorbent does not enter the total blood flow. Contraindicated only with acute intestinal obstruction. It is approved for use by pregnant and lactating women, in pediatric practice. Side effect may be constipation. Take orally, squeezed with enough to swallow the amount of water, at least 90 minutes before taking the medicine or food, or two hours later. Dosage by 5g (teaspoon) twice a day at the age younger than three years; the same single dose only three times a day is given at the age of three to five; from five to 14 years - 10 g (dessert spoon) three times a day; patients over 14 years - dosed at 15 g (tablespoon) three times a day.
Sometimes this is enough. If necessary, drug therapy is used. Single spots appearing at the places of contact with the stimulus are treated with the use of local nonhormonal ointments, for example, Fenistil gel. The active ingredient dimethindene maleate easily penetrates the skin, has anti-allergic action, blocking H1-histamine receptors, reduces irritation, inflammation and itching, starts to act a few minutes after application. Has cooling and local anesthetic effect. Do not apply to extensive areas of damage, after application, avoid sunlight. Teratogenicity does not possess, it is allowed to use in small areas of skin for pregnant and lactating women. Patients older than two years can be used two to four times a day, under two - only as prescribed by the doctor. When extensive lesions are used in combination with the oral form of the drug - drops or capsules. Drops can be given to children from a month's age, up to a year they are prescribed a single dose of three to ten drops, taken three times a day. Children from one to three times a day take 10-15 drops; from three to 12 years - 15-20; older than 20-40. You can divide the daily dose into two doses, and the evening dose can be twice as high as the morning dose. Capsules are taken by patients 12 years and older. The standard dosage is a daily intake of one capsule, it is swallowed whole and washed down with water. The drug is contraindicated in patients with bronchial asthma and performing work that requires extreme attention.
Atopic dermatitis in children from the age of three months and adults are treated with cream Elidel. The anti-inflammatory action of the active substance (pimecrolimus) is based on the release of proinflammatory mediators and cytokines from T-lymphocytes and mast cells. Inhibiting the activity of calcinervine, suppresses the activity of immunocytes of the skin. It does not provoke the development of atrophic processes, the action is comparable in intensity with the derivatives of clobetasol. Can be used for long courses.
The cream is easily rubbed twice a day into damaged areas of the skin. Applied with the first signs of atopic dermatitis, when used throughout the year, it prevents relapses.
Cholinergic eruptions are a reaction to an endogenous substance (acetylcholine), formed in the patient's body under the influence of certain factors. Therefore, antihistamines are not effective in this case, mainly, local preparations with belladonna extract or with atropine are used. They are applied to the spots once or twice a day. Extraction krasavki (belladonna) has a pronounced cholinolytic effect. Active ingredients of the extract - alkaloids atropine, scopolamine, hyoscyamine bind M and H holinoretseptory, thereby reducing their sensitization to acetylcholine, and also - blocking cholinergic nerve impulses.
A good effect is provided by combined treatment - local remedies for allergies + oral antihistamines. It is preferable to use second-generation drugs that do not have sedative properties of drugs belonging to the first generation, for example, Loratadine. Effective in allergic urticaria and dermatitis caused by various allergens, including - drugs and bites of bloodsucking insects. Has a speed, half an hour after the start of the rash, they cease to itch and the inflammatory manifestations decrease. Accepted from the age of 12 or from the moment when the body weight exceeds 30kg - once a day for one tablet. At the age of 2-11 years, children who have a body weight does not exceed 30 kg, it is recommended to take half a tablet. Side effects (vomiting or dryness in the mouth) are very rare.
In cases of ineffectiveness of antihistamines, hormonal preparations of local and systemic action are prescribed. They are taken only as prescribed by the doctor and are used in short courses, as they have many impressive side effects, then, after achieving an improvement in the patient's condition, "cure" antihistamines, anti-inflammatory or alternative means.
With spots caused by hepatic pathologies, diabetes mellitus is prescribed treatment of the underlying disease in combination with detoxifying (Enterosgel) and antiallergic agents.
Dermatomycoses are treated with fungicidal ointments, tablets or combinations thereof, dermatitis caused by viruses or bacteria, respectively, antiviral and antibacterial drugs. The success of treatment depends entirely on correct and timely diagnosis.
The treatment regimen includes vitamins and vitamin complexes, the emphasis is on ascorbic acid and B vitamins. Such remedies help restore the defenses of the body and increase its own resistance.
In skin pathologies, physiotherapy is widely used. In acute phases of dermatosis it is contraindicated, however, during the recovery period it helps to heal wounds and renew skin cells. To improve the functional state of the skin surface, the D'Arsonval method is used - exposure to pulsed high-frequency currents, drug electrophoresis, PUVA therapy.
Prescriptions for alternative medicine in some cases can help get rid of stains on the legs, reduce the symptoms of inflammation and itching. They can be used during the recovery period, after consulting with the doctor in advance, to speed up the processes of epithelialization.
When spots only appeared, at home, you can clean the body. With spots of an allergic origin, it can help, with other types of spots, too, does not hurt. Cleaning at home can be done in such ways:
- put a cleansing enema and starve the next day, especially if this day is a day off;
- take activated carbon from the calculation: one tablet per 10 kg of body weight (days for five non-infectious nature spots usually pass through);
- take Enterosgel.
Allergic spots on the skin can be smeared with brine from sauerkraut. It quickly removes itching, and several procedures with lotion from the brine should remove stains.
It is recommended to spread the stains for the night with such a composition: take a dry mustard, pour boiling water, cool - apply to the affected skin and leave until the morning. In the morning the skin should be cleansed.
With allergies, herbal medicine is widely used: gums are made with infusions of string, chamomile, celery root. With the same plants, baths are made.
Celery in general with allergies is not only external, but also inside. It is possible to apply finely-cut fresh leaves of this plant to spots or to make ointment, taking in equal proportions crushed celery leaves and butter.
Fungal skin lesions can also be treated using medicinal plants. Usually, the skin of the feet is affected, so the bath is recommended from the fungus:
- with celandine: take 8 tablespoons of dry ground grass for three liters of boiling water and boil for three to five minutes, allow it to cool to a warm state, do not dilute, hold your feet in the broth;
- with natural ground coffee: 10 tablespoons of coffee brewed in two liters of boiling water, in a cooled broth (not strained) keep feet for half an hour, do not wipe, put on simple socks and go to bed; In the morning, wash off the remnants of coffee.
Ointment from the fungus: 100 g of birch tar, raw chicken egg (homemade), a tablespoon of cream from homemade milk, mix the ingredients, put in a glass jar, store in the refrigerator under the lid. Apply ointment on the steamed legs before going to bed, from the top to wrap up with a bandage, daily for two months. Before treatment did not end, even if the legs were clean from defeat.
Red lichen planus is recommended to be treated with lotions from undiluted apple cider vinegar or juice from the berries of Kalina. Apply to spots four to six times a day for 10 minutes.
You can do appliques with sea buckthorn oil. Keep them on the skin for at least half an hour, while still in the morning on an empty stomach to take half a teaspoon of oil.
If the infected parts of the body are dosed with hot water twice a day for three minutes every three days, then improvement will be noticeable in three days, and after half a month the red lichen planus will disappear.
Pink lichen passes by itself for a month, although there is its ring-shaped form, which changes into chronic and lasts for several years. Alternative medicine suggests helping the body to shorten the recovery period with the help of celandine tincture on alcohol or salicylic alcohol, rubbing the rash twice a day. You can prepare and water infusion, mixing in a glass jar in equal proportions talc, zinc oxide, glycerin and water.
Stains on the legs, of various genesis, are successfully treated with homeopathic preparations, including vitiligo, and other skin manifestations, the causes of which cause controversy in official medical circles. Homeopathic treatment is aimed not at suppressing rashes, but at identifying and eliminating problems with internal organs that do not cope with their functions, so the skin looks at the role of natural drainage organs (kidneys, liver, intestine). Homeopaths treat dermatoses and dermatitis as the body's desire to eliminate the problem through the skin, to bring it outward away from vital internal organs. The homoeopathic physician tries to understand the trigger mechanism of this problem, and the purpose of the drug most often occurs according to the constitutional type of the patient.
For the treatment of skin pathologies, almost the entire arsenal of a homeopathic pharmacy is used, since each patient has his own mental and physical characteristics.
For example, the homeopathic drug Ammonium carbonicum or ammonium carbonate can be used to treat various types of urticaria, as well as depigmentation of the skin to impressionable patients with frequent mood changes and dictator's habits.
The agent Conium or hemlock spotted is prescribed to patients prone to depression, timid and unsociable, predisposed to endocrine pathologies and neoplasms. They often have rashes in the winter, vitiligo may suffer.
Ignacy (beans of St. Ignacy) is shown to emotional and temperamental patients who have strong will, inclined to empathy and ready to always come to the rescue. Helps with cholinergic urticaria, caused by a stressful situation, disorders of skin pigmentation.
Sulfur (sulfuric color) and Sulfur Yodatum (an alloy of sulfur and iodine) - the main drugs used in the treatment of spots on the skin, which itch, are especially effective in chronic dermatoses.
Rus toxicodendron (poisonous sumac) is prescribed for patients with cold allergies, when rashes appear on the reddened and swollen skin. Local preparations can be prescribed in the form of a homeopathic ointment or oil.
Calcium carbonate (carbon dioxide lime) is prescribed to full and loose patients, children with intolerance to milk.
Dermatological problems are well eliminated by homeopathic manganese preparations. When skin manifestations of dysfunction of the digestive organs, cholestasis and for stimulation of the intestinal functions is prescribed Manganum Sulfuricum (manganese sulphate). Manganum Acetikum (acetic acid manganese) is prescribed for psoriasis and dry eczema, accompanied by severe itching. Manganum Carbonicum (carbonic manganese) - with psoriatic eruptions, pityrious lichen.
Complex homeopathic preparations can be used in allopathic treatment regimens, they practically do not cause undesirable actions, which is especially valuable for patients with dermatological problems. Pregnant and lactating women take such drugs only as prescribed by the doctor.
For example, Lymphomyosot - a homotoxic multicomponent drug that activates the lymph drainage, detoxifies the body and reduces the symptoms of inflammation: itching, redness, exudation, puffiness. Functional disorders of organs and cells, including immune ones, are regulated. The form of release - oral drops and a solution in ampoules for injections. It is not recommended for persons sensitized to the components of the drug. Patients with increased thyroid function should exercise caution when dosing the drug.
To pump in 10ml of water a single dose of the medicine according to age and drink, keeping in the oral cavity for as long as possible, three times a day before meals for half an hour or after it with an hour interval.
Single dose for infants is one or two drops, at the age of 1-2 full years - three, 3-5 years - five, 6-11 years - seven. After reaching 12 years, 10 drops drip. In the acute phase of the disease, a single dose can be taken after a quarter of an hour, the maximum daily intake is tenfold. After relieving the aggravation, they switch to a standard procedure.
Patients with hyperthyroidism are dosed with the drug, taking 1/2 of age-appropriate portions, bringing to the age norm a daily increase of one drop.
In severe cases, a solution for injection is used. It is allowed to apply to patients from the age of six. Single injection - one ampoule twice or three times a week. Injections are performed by any means: intramuscularly, intravenously and subcutaneously, intravenously, acupuncture injections are allowed.
It is permissible to dilute the contents of the ampoule in a quarter of a glass of water and drink this solution throughout the day, observing equal intervals between doses and delaying it in the oral cavity.
Multicomponent homeopathic remedy Galium-Heel has a detoxification and immunomodulatory effect at the cellular level. Activates drainage processes in the parenchymal tissues of vital internal organs. Side effects are not fixed. The only contraindication is individual sensitization.
It is used from birth: the children of the first two years of life are dispensed five drops each; from two to five full years - eight drops; To patients from six and is more senior - ten. In an acute condition, a single dose can be taken at intervals of a quarter or half an hour for 1-2 days, but not more than 20 times.
Galium-Heel can be used as a monotherapy or alternate with its reception with Lymphomyosot every other day.
As a detoxification agent that normalizes the metabolism, coenzyme compositum can be included in the treatment regimen . It is used in severe cases of any origin and localization. The drug is available in ampoules for any type of injection: intradermal, subcutaneous, intramuscular and intravenous injections, acupuncture injection is allowed. For relief of acute symptoms, you can enter a single daily dose for three days, then go to the administration twice a week.
The standard scheme of administration allows injection from once a week to three.
Children up to one year dosed the drug at 0.4 ml; at the age of 1-2 full years - 0,6ml; 3-5 years - 1ml; patients over six years of age are given a whole ampoule (2.2ml).