To cure psoriasis, that is completely to get rid of it, it is impossible. As in adults, the treatment of psoriasis in children is aimed at reducing the manifestations of the disease. Most children have an easy degree, at which there is enough local therapy.
Moisturizing the skin plays a role in the normalization of hyperproliferation, and also has an anti-inflammatory effect by saturating the cells of the epidermis with lipids. Therefore, children of younger age are advised to treat affected areas of the skin with mineral oils or petroleum jelly.
Doctors prescribe medicines for external use, including corticosteroids - ointments Hydrocortisone, Betasalik (Betamethasone, Betaderm A, Diprosalik), Flucinar (Sinaphlan), Lorinden, etc., which are used only during exacerbations and contribute to reducing itching, inflammation and the size of the rashes.
For example, ointment Betasalik (betamethasone + salicylic acid) should be applied no more than twice a day, lightly rubbing into the affected area. The duration of the application of ointments with corticosteroids is determined by the attending physician, since among the side effects of the preparations of this group burning, allergic irritation, dryness and atrophy of the skin are noted. Lotion Betasalik is used to lubricate the skin on the head.
Exclusively with plaque psoriasis and only children after 12 years, ointments such as Calcitriol, Daivobet, Forcal, Xamiol, containing a synthetic analogue of the active metabolite of vitamin D, can be prescribed. However, the manufacturers of the Psorkutan ointment (with the same active substance) indicated that the appointment to patients under 18 years of age can tolerate in case of inefficiency of other means and for a short time; and for Duivonex ointment with calcitriol the age limit was reduced to 6 years of age. Side effects of calcitriol: dermatitis, eczema, angioedema, hypercalcemia, exacerbation of psoriasis, etc.
External agents with bitumen dithranol (Chignoderm, Ditrastik, Antralin) in pediatric dermatology are contraindicated because this substance has carcinogenic properties.
It is recommended to use absorbable ointments in the stationary and regressing stages of plaque psoriasis: 5% tar, 3% sulfur-tar, naphthalene, 2% salicylic. More information - Non - hormonal ointments from psoriasis
Vitamins A, C, B1, B6, B9, B12, B15, PP, taken by courses for 28-30 days with interruptions are called to improve the skin condition.
Also it is possible to carry out physiotherapeutic treatment: UV-therapy (sun baths for 30 minutes a day); narrow-band PUVA therapy (children over 10 years old); in the stage of remission - sea bathing, mud treatment (from 3 to 14 years in a day, for 10 minutes).
When rashes on the scalp, alternative treatment involves washing the head with a decoction of St. John's wort (two tablespoons of herb per liter of water). And if, and psoriasis in children under one year, you need to bathe the baby in a decoction of three-part (3 parts), chamomile pharmacy (1 part) and horsetail field (1 part).
It is recommended to lubricate the plaques with such a means: to dry lime branches, to remove the bark (to be 100-150 g), to burn the bark from the metal container and to obtain the semi-liquid resinous substance to lubricate the affected areas (morning and evening).
After this means is over, take a break for 6-7 days and prepare a homemade ointment according to the following recipe. 150 g of fresh cranberries wipe through a sieve, squeeze and the resulting juice boil for 10 minutes. In a thickened juice put a tablespoon of homemade pork lard or melted butter, drip 5 drops of fish oil, stir until homogeneous, pour into a jar with a lid (keep the product in the refrigerator), lubricate the rash at the initial stage of psoriasis in children.
From a mixture of Vaseline and alcohol extract of the sequence (1: 1), a good ointment is obtained for the acute stage of ordinary psoriasis. More information in the article - Treatment of psoriasis in the home
Treatment with herbs in the form of their broths for ingestion to children is not recommended, so it is better to make baths. Ingredients: sage grass (1 part), plantain leaves large (2 parts), tri-colored violet grass (1 part), nettle grass (1 part). The broth is prepared from 1.5 liters of water, filtered and added to the bath. The same broth can rinse your head after washing, when psoriasis in the child on the head. And in the shampoo for washing your head advise to add 10 drops of tea tree oil or juniper essential oil.