Plum in type 1 and 2 diabetes

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 04.06.2019

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Plum is known for all its tasty fleshy and juicy berries. This fruit tree is common in our gardens. It grows easily from the seed and quickly reaches the fruitful age. In season, the berry is very affordable. Many hostesses make from it preparations for the winter: pickle, prepare jams, jams and compotes. How useful is it and is it possible to eat plums for diabetes?

What fruits are possible with type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Fruits in our life are not only a tasty delicacy, but also healthy food, an arsenal of many nutrients necessary for the normal functioning of our body. Their separate type cannot contain all significant nutrients, therefore we try to diversify our menu with their various types, especially during the summer period.[1]

Fruits owe their excellent taste to the presence of sugars and carbohydrates. How to be in this case for diabetics, what kind of fruit is possible with type 1 and type 2 diabetes? Due to what feed your body without causing him harm?

In the diet menu for diabetes should be dominated by fruits with low sugar content. Fruits safe for this disease include:[5]

  • apricots (17kkal and 4g carbohydrates);
  • Kiwi (56kkal and 13g, respectively);
  • oranges (62kkal and 15g);
  • grapefruits (39kkal and 9g);
  • pears (58kkk and 14g);
  • apples (40-50kkal and 14g, depending on the variety).

Is it possible to plum with diabetes?

To answer this question you need to understand the chemical composition of the berries. In 100g of its weight most water (86%), about 10% of carbohydrates, 1.5% of dietary fiber, its energy value is on average 50kkal.

This information does not give a definite answer, since on the one hand, the plum is low in calories, on the other - there is a lot of sugar in it. A good GI - 22ED will resolve the dispute, which means that the absorption of carbohydrates is slow. Plums can be consumed in diabetes, but only fresh, because the concentration of sugars in jams, mashed potatoes, dried, dried, significantly increases. Another important condition - to know the measure: savor, and not gorge. Moreover, studies have proven the antihyperglycemic effect of plum in obesity and type 2 diabetes.[4]

Plums with high sugar

In which row are the plums and can they be in type 1 and 2 diabetes? This berry is low-calorie (46kkal), carbohydrates in it make up 11g per 100g of weight and low glycemic index (only 22 units), which is very important in diabetes.

Does draining increase blood sugar? Due to the high fiber content, it slows down the absorption of glucose, which reduces the load on the physiological mechanisms regulating glycemia. Adhering to a reasonable dose within 200g of plums daily consumed before the main meal, you can get the maximum effect without the risk of harming yourself.

Plum for gestational diabetes

This type of diabetes is detected in pregnant women. The childbearing is under the constant supervision of doctors, various indicators of laboratory tests, including the level of glucose in the blood, are periodically monitored. With its value of 5.1 mmol / l and above, a diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made.

Reducing the sensitivity of tissues to insulin is associated with hormonal changes in the body and imposes certain restrictions on nutrition. At a time when the building material is required for the fetus, the foundation for the baby’s health is laid down; you have to limit yourself to useful, but sugar-containing products.

Plum does not have a strict taboo, fresh berries can be consumed by pregnant women, but in reasonable quantities. [6]

Diabetes Plum Juice

All juices are divided into freshly prepared and canned, in which sugar is used as a preservative. The latter are prohibited in diabetes. Fresh plum juice with pulp in a volume corresponding to the recommended daily dose diluted with boiled water of 1: 1 is acceptable. It is also effective for reducing cognitive impairment, [8]  reduces the level of cholesterol in the brain and the expression of proteins associated with neurodegenerative processes.[9]


What is the use of these juicy, fleshy and pleasant berries? The beneficial properties of plums are due to the presence in them of many trace elements: potassium, calcium, sodium, iodine, zinc, manganese, magnesium. They contain vitamins A, C, E, beta-carotene, a large list of vitamins of group B, mono- and disarides, glucose, sucrose, fructose, omega-6, and saturated fatty acids. They are the source of choline, beta-carotene, riboflavin, vitamin E, PP, niacin, pyridoxine, but most of them are ascorbic acid. Of the minerals, potassium prevails, in smaller doses calcium, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, silicon, and others.[7]

Berry is able to improve immunity, has laxative and diuretic properties, strengthens blood vessels, normalizes blood circulation, removes toxins, and has a beneficial effect on vision. It gently cleanses the intestines, contributing to its motility. It has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-allergic properties, improves memory.[2]

How does this compound affect the diabetic's health? Plums have a positive effect on the strengthening of protective forces, accelerate regenerative processes, improve the circulatory system, organs of vision, prevent the development of osteoporosis and arthritis, remove toxins and toxins, they have an excellent diuretic and laxative effect.

Yellow plum - one of the varieties of its many varieties. It is also saturated with pectins, vitamins and minerals, antioxidants, and helps stabilize blood pressure, lower cholesterol, and prevents the formation of plaques inside the vessels. In its taste is not inferior to the blue varieties, and its caloric content is even slightly lower. In diabetes, yellow berries have the right to enter the patient's menu in moderation (up to 200g).[10]

Harm plum can cause with rheumatism, gout, the presence of stones in the gallbladder, as well as diabetics with uncontrolled eating it. These diagnoses are a contraindication to the use of the fetus.


Plums are not recommended for people with high acidity, with exacerbations of the pathologies of the digestive tract organs. It is also contraindicated in the case of individual intolerance, with intestinal microbalance disturbed, nursing mothers, because they relax the baby’s stool.

Possible risks

Plum is the most valuable source of useful nutrients, but sometimes some complications associated with its consumption are possible: an increase in blood sugar, if you eat a lot of fresh berries or in processed form, the appearance of diarrhea, allergies.

What to replace the plum with diabetes?

Food is a fuel for our body and the fruits in it are assigned the important role of saturation with nutrients necessary for health. If for one reason or another plum is unacceptable (flatulence, bloating, diarrhea, etc.), then it can be replaced with other fruits from the list above. Particular attention should be paid to pear in diabetes.

Pear is rich in fiber, tannins, pectins, sugars, folic acid and other vitamins, many minerals. Pears are also a source of phytochemicals, especially antioxidants. The content of vitamin C in pears is about 7 mg, which makes pears a good source of vitamin C. Pears of medium size are also concentrated in fiber (6 g) and are considered an excellent source of dietary fiber. Like all fruits, pears are an important source of potassium (180 mg). And although the glycemic index of the fetus is 2 times higher than that of the plum, its fiber well normalizes the metabolic processes, inhibits the increase in glucose level, preventing its sharp jumps.[11]

Another alternative to plums is prunes or dried Hungarian plums. Drying it does not reduce the value of the fetus, it contains riboflavin, folic acid, phosphorus, boron, magnesium, etc. Antioxidants in it provide the immune properties of the fetus. Prunes are a preventive measure against many diseases, including osteoporosis.[3]

It is recommended to eat 3-4 pieces a day, it can also be used as part of other dishes, compotes.


According to reviews of many diabetics, the diagnosis does not drive them into a gastronomic corner. This also applies to fruits, including plums. Their moderate consumption, control of bread units, becomes a habitual way of life, which in no way limits their freedom of choice.

It is important to know!

In order to replenish the stores of nutrients, people in the season try to eat as much berries and fruits as possible, and also to make preparations for the winter period. Read more..

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