Epidemiology of childhood obesity
In economically developed countries, including Russia, 16% of children already have obesity and 31% are at risk of developing this pathology, which occurs more often in girls than in boys.
According to the WHO Regional Office for Europe (2007), over the past twenty years, the prevalence of obesity has increased 3-fold, reaching the scale of the epidemic. According to epidemiological studies, if there is obesity in the father, the probability of its development in children is 50%, in the presence of this pathology the mother has 60%, and if both parents have 80%.
The causes of the epidemic of obesity are the change in the diet (increased consumption of energy-rich food), eating habits (fast-food meals, frequent use of prepared breakfast cereals), inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables, and a sharp decrease in physical activity.
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