^

Health

A
A
A

Total cholesterol in the blood

 
, medical expert
Last reviewed: 31.05.2018
 
Fact-checked
х

All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) are clickable links to these studies.

If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

Cholesterol is a secondary monohydric cyclic alcohol. Cholesterol enters the body with food, but most of it is formed endogenously (synthesized in the liver). Cholesterol is a component of cell membranes, a precursor of steroid hormones and bile acids. At least 10% of the population suffer from hypercholesterolemia. By itself, hypercholesterolemia is asymptomatic, but can lead to serious pathological changes in the walls of blood vessels in vital organs.

Concentrations in the blood of cholesterol and triglycerides are the most important indicators of lipid metabolism in patients. They provide important information for further tactics of diagnosing lipid metabolism disorders, solving the issue of hospitalization, choosing a method of treatment and evaluating its effectiveness. The concentration of cholesterol above 6.5 mmol / l is considered a risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. There is a relationship between the increase in cholesterol in the blood and the risk of developing CHD. In individuals at risk for IHD, the definition of cholesterol in the blood is recommended to be performed every 3 months.

Reference values (norm) of concentration of total cholesterol in blood serum

Age groups

The content of total cholesterol

Mg / dL

Mmol / l

Newborns

53-135

1.37-3.5

Children under 1 year old

70-175

1.81-4.53

Children

120-200

3.11-5.18

Teens

120-210

3.11-5.44

Adults

140-310

3.63-8.03

Recommended limits for adults

140-250

3.63-5.2

You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.