Inhalation for hoarseness of voice in a child

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 07.06.2024

All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) are clickable links to these studies.

If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

One of the popular and at the same time effective methods of treating wheezing and hoarseness in the voice is inhalation. Inhalation with a nebulizer is allowed for patients from the age of one year.

Inhalations have a complex effect on the body:

  • Relieve coughing fits.
  • Contribute to the liquefaction and expectoration of phlegm.
  • Relieve swelling and inflammation.
  • Reduce pain and hoarseness.

As preparations for inhalations for voice hoarseness in children use herbal decoctions and infusions, physiological solution, mineral water, medicines prescribed by a doctor.

  1. Furacillin

Antiseptic and disinfectant. Exhibits pronounced activity against staphylococci, streptococci and other pathogens. Stimulates wound healing and granulation processes.

  • Indications for use: diseases of the larynx and oral cavity, pleural empyema, anaerobic infections, chronic purulent otitis media, burns.
  • Dosage and administration: externally in the form of aqueous 0.02% solution. To prepare the drug 1 tablet dissolved in 100 ml of isotonic sodium chloride solution or warm purified water. The finished liquid is cooled to room temperature and used for gargles, rinses, inhalations. The frequency of procedures and duration of treatment depend on the causes and severity of the painful condition.
  • Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, allergic dermatoses.
  • Adverse reactions: irritation of oral mucosa, dermatitis, allergic reactions. Cancellation of the drug is indicated for treatment. Overdose is manifested by intensification of side effects, treatment is symptomatic.

Form of release: tablets of 10 in a blister.

  1. Eufillin

A medicinal product with the active component - theophylline. It has antispasmodic properties. It relaxes bronchial muscles, reduces the resistance of blood vessels, dilates coronary vessels, lowers the pressure in the pulmonary artery system. The drug also has diuretic properties, inhibits platelet aggregation.

  • Indications for use: bronchial asthma, bronchospasm (sharp narrowing of the bronchial lumen), hypertension in the small circle of circulation, cardiac asthma, respiratory disorders of the Cheyne-Stokes type.
  • Method of administration: orally, intravenously, subcutaneously, inhaled, rectally. Dosage and duration of therapy is determined by the attending physician, individually for each patient.
  • Side effects: digestive disorders, dizziness, decreased blood pressure, headaches, palpitations, convulsions.
  • Contraindications: individual intolerance to the components of the drug, low blood pressure, epilepsy, heart failure, heart rhythm disorders, coronary insufficiency.

Form of release: powder for preparation of solution, tablets of 0.15 g for 30 pieces in a package, ampoules of 10 ml of 2.4% solution and 1 ml of 24% solution in packages of 10 pieces.

  1. Physiological solution

Sodium chloride solution 0.9% normalizes water-salt balance in the body. It is used for preparation of solutions of medicines for external and parenteral use, for washing wounds, eyes, mucous membranes.

The drug is used intravenously, subcutaneously, intramuscularly, inhaled. There are no adverse reactions, cases of overdose are unlikely. Saline solution is contraindicated in case of incompatibility of the main drug and solvent. It is available in 1 ml, 2 ml, 5 ml ampoules № 10

  1. Mineral waters (Borjomi, Luzhanskaya, Polyana Kvasova, Narzan, Essentuki №4 and №17.

Inhalations with mineral waters stimulate the expectoration of phlegm much better than expectorant tablets and syrups. This method of treatment moistens the mucous membranes, stimulates the cleansing of mucous from pathogenic mucus and pathogens.

To achieve a positive result, 3-4 inhalations per day. The duration of the procedure is from 5 to 15 minutes. At the same time, 30 minutes before the procedure is not recommended to consume liquids.

Inhalation for hoarseness of voice in a child with a nebulizer

Inhalation has proven to be an effective tool in the fight against sore throat and voice disorders. To facilitate the procedure, a special device - nebulizer - is used. The device turns a liquid drug into a therapeutic aerosol. There are several types of nebulizers:

  1. Compressor - allows the use of almost all medicines. By compressing air in a special chamber, they turn a liquid drug into an aerosol. They have the widest application, but are characterized by bulky and strong noise during operation.
  2. Ultrasonic - the transformation of the medicine into an aerosol is accomplished by ultrasound. But in the process of transformation of the liquid solution, ultrasound destroys part of the drug. Such nebulizers are used in hospitals, physiotherapy departments.
  3. Mesh inhalers - inhale all liquid medications but do not destroy them. Combine the advantages of ultrasonic and compressor devices.

When using a nebulizer, the drug enters the larynx, so it is not absorbed into the systemic bloodstream and is not destroyed in the liver. Bioavailability of the drug is 100%, and the risk of side effects is minimal.

The main benefits of using a nebulizer for inhalation in a child:

  • The drug content in the respiratory tract is 2 times higher than with other methods of drug administration.
  • The drug acts directly on the focus of the lesion.
  • The procedure can be performed on patients of any age, including newborns.
  • Non-invasive therapy.
  • The possibility of carrying out the procedure at home.

Inhalation is performed not earlier than one hour after a meal. It is forbidden to talk during the procedure, the patient should breathe as usual. Strongly deep breaths are dangerous hyperventilation, development of headaches and dizziness, coughing, nausea and vomiting.

If dysphonia is caused by inflammatory processes in the respiratory system, it is better to inhale through the face oil. Breathing should be even, calm, through the mouth. After the procedure, you should rinse your mouth well with boiled water.

Medications for inhalation are prescribed by a pediatrician. For procedures with nebulizer can be used such medicines:


Medicinal product with secretomotor and secretolytic properties. It contains the active substance - ambroxol hydrochloride. Stimulates bronchial mucosa cells, regulates the ratio of mucous and serous components of sputum, facilitating its elimination.

  • Indications for use: acute and chronic forms of respiratory diseases with the formation of thick and difficult to separate secretion. Acute and chronic bronchitis of various origins, pneumonia. Complex therapy of bronchiectatic disease, bronchial asthma, tracheitis, sinusitis, laryngitis. Respiratory failure syndrome, prevention of complications after surgical interventions on the lungs.
  • Method of application: parenterally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, intravenously, inhalation. The duration of treatment and the number of procedures is determined by the attending physician, individually for each patient.
  • Side effects: attacks of nausea and vomiting, dyspeptic disorders, heartburn, hypersensitivity reactions. No cases of overdose have been recorded.
  • Contraindications: individual intolerance to the components of the drug, duodenal and gastric ulcer.

Form of release: solution in ampoules of 2 ml, 5 ampoules in a package.


Mucolytic, liquefies phlegm and facilitates its excretion from the body.

  • Indications for use: bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis and other respiratory diseases with increased viscosity of sputum and the accession of purulent infection.
  • How to use: inhalation 2-5 ml of 20% solution 3-4 times a day (within 15-20 min); intratracheally 1 ml of 10% solution every hour. For bronchial lavage during therapeutic bronchoscopy use 5-10% solutions. Duration of treatment and frequency of procedures is determined by the attending physician.
  • Side effects: nausea, bronchospasms, hypersensitivity reactions.
  • Contraindications: intolerance to the components of the drug, bronchial asthma without thickening of sputum.

Form of release: solution for inhalation20% in ampoules of 5 and 10 ml; 10% solution for injection in ampoules of 2 ml, 5% solution in ampoules of 10 ml.


Medicinal product for inhalation application. It has pronounced anti-inflammatory properties. It contains the active substance - fluticasone propionate.

  • Indications for use: bronchial asthma (severe and moderate), prevention of bronchial asthma attacks, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.
  • Method of administration: the drug is used inhalation, the duration of therapy and dosage is determined by the attending physician, individually for each patient.
  • Side effects: paradoxical bronchospasm, impaired bone mineralization, adrenal suppression, increased plasma glucose levels, hyperexcitability, sleep disturbance, allergic reactions, oral candidiasis.
  • Contraindications: individual intolerance to the components of the drug, control of bronchial asthma attacks. With special caution is prescribed for the treatment of children, patients with diabetes mellitus, pulmonary tuberculosis.
  • Overdose: acute intoxication with temporary suppression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system. Symptomatic therapy is indicated for treatment. In chronic intoxication treatment is carried out in hospital.

Form of release: powder for inhalation use of 60 doses in a package, aerosol dosed for inhalation use of 60 and 120 doses in vials, suspension for inhalation of 2 ml in nebulas.

It is forbidden to use any essential oils for inhalation, they are better used for steam inhalation. Herbal decoctions and infusions are prohibited, as they contain heterogeneous particles that can cause allergic and other adverse reactions. Infusions and decoctions are better used for gargling.

Pulmicort for hoarseness of voice in a child

Pulmicort is a synthetic glucocorticosteroid for inhalation use. The drug is used in the therapy of bronchial asthma and affects all links of the pathological process. The active components of the drug affect glucocorticosteroid receptors, regulating the synthesis of various substances. Genes encoding the synthesis of anti-inflammatory substances and inhibiting the activity of pro-inflammatory factors are targeted.

Pulmicort by its mechanism of action is similar to glucocorticoid receptors, has low lipophilicity, which allows it to easily penetrate through the layer of mucous secretion in the bronchi. The active substances penetrate into tissues, but their metabolites are not detected in plasma, indicating high selectivity of the drug.

Pulmicort also has anti-anaphylactic properties, reduces bronchial obstruction in early and late allergic reactions.

  • Indications for use: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchial asthma (prevention of exacerbations).
  • How to use: if the drug is used through a nebulizer, the daily dose should not exceed 1000 mcg. Reception is carried out once, taking the entire dose at a time. If necessary, the dosage can be divided into several doses. The initial dose for children from 6 months of age is 250-500 mcg per day, maintenance dose is 250-2000 mcg per day.
  • Side effects: irritation of mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, candidal lesions of the oropharynx, cough and dry mouth. Increased excitability and nervousness, depression, clouded consciousness. Signs of systemic action of glucocorticosteroids, hypofunction of adrenal cortex, allergic reactions.
  • Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, patients younger than 6 months of life. With caution is prescribed in pulmonary tuberculosis (active, inactive form), liver cirrhosis, viral, bacterial or fungal respiratory diseases.
  • Overdose: in acute overdose there are no clinical symptoms. Chronic overdose is manifested by hypercorticism reactions, suppression of adrenal function, weight gain, muscle weakness, arterial hypertension and other symptoms. Treatment is carried out by gradual reduction of the dosage.

Form of release: suspension for inhalation through nebulizer 2 ml, 20 pcs. In a package. Powder for inhalation in a metered-dose inhaler for 100/200 doses.

Berodual for hoarseness of voice in a child

A drug with a pronounced bronchodilator action. Dilation of the bronchial lumen is due to the active components Berodual - ipratropium bromide and fenoterol. The drug is effective in complex bronchodilator therapy in various diseases with increased tone of bronchial muscles.

  • Indications for use: respiratory failure in obstructive bronchitis, emphysematous bronchitis, bronchopulmonary diseases with bronchospasms. It is prescribed in acute attacks of bronchial asthma and in the preparation of the respiratory tract for aerosolized administration of drugs.
  • How to use: for children over 3 years and adults prescribe 1-2 doses of aerosol 2-3 times a day. If there is a threat of respiratory failure, then apply 2 doses of aerosol and 5 minutes later 2 more doses. Solution for inhalation is used 2-8 drops 3-6 times a day. The duration of therapy is determined by the attending physician.
  • Side effects: impaired visual perception, tremor of the limbs, dry mouth, increased intraocular pressure, increased irregular heart muscle contractions.
  • Contraindications: patients under 3 years of age, first trimester of pregnancy. Not used concomitantly with non-cardioselective beta-adrenoblockers and xanthine derivatives.

Form of release: metered aerosol for inhalation and solution for inhalation in 20 ml bottles.

Erespal for hoarseness of voice in a child

Medicinal product with anti-inflammatory properties. Inhibits exudation and prevents bronchoconstriction. Anti-inflammatory activity of the active substance fenspiride is due to inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism. Antibronchoconstrictor effect is due to inhibition of arachidonic acid. The drug Erespal blocks α - adrenoreceptors, as their stimulation causes an increase in the production of bronchial secretion

  • Indications for use: bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis with bronchoobstruction. Rhinitis, otitis media, sinusitis, rhinopharyngitis and other diseases of the ENT organs. The drug is prescribed to reduce respiratory syndromes in acute respiratory diseases, whooping cough, measles. It is also prescribed for rhinitis of allergic origin.
  • How to use: children under 14 years of age are prescribed only syrup, which is taken before meals. Dosage depends on the age and body weight of the baby. For children under 1 year old and weighing up to 10 kg - 1-2 teaspoons of syrup 2 times a day. For babies over 1 year old or weighing more than 10 kg - 1-2 tablespoons 2 times a day.
  • Side effects: pain in the epigastric region, nausea, vomiting, various allergic reactions, increased drowsiness, tachycardia. To alleviate the painful condition it is shown to reduce the dosage of the drug.
  • Contraindications: individual intolerance to the components of the drug, pregnancy and lactation.
  • Overdose: nausea, vomiting, increased drowsiness, tachycardia, agitation. There is no antidote, therefore gastric lavage and further symptomatic therapy are indicated for treatment.

Form of release: tablets 80 mg fenspiride hydrochloride 30 pieces in a package; syrup 150 ml, 200 mg/100 ml in a bottle in a package.

You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.