After water or a special solution for wiping the child at a temperature is cooked, and the baby is stripped, you can proceed directly to the procedure itself.
To wipe the baby, you can take a soft waffle towel, a cotton (not synthetic) napkin or a layered bandage. We wet the cloth well in the water, herbal decoction or the prepared solution, lightly squeeze and begin to gently wipe the entire body of the baby.
Begin wiping is recommended from the hands of the baby, then go to the legs, and only then moisturize the entire body, including the face and neck. The movements should not be too intense, especially if the child is very small. It is enough to gently moisten the skin with a tissue, leaving it moisturized. The moisture will evaporate from the surface of the body, and the temperature will gradually subside (usually by 1 -1.5 degrees).
During the wiping of an infant with high body temperature, special attention should be paid to the small folds on the arms, legs and baby's body, and also to the axillary hollows, so that evaporation of moisture occurs over the entire surface of the skin.
During the procedure, it is necessary to monitor the temperature of the liquid used for wiping. Water should not be cold. If the water is cold, you can dilute it hot.
After finishing the procedure of wiping, the body of the child should be left open. If the child is very small or the temperature in the room is just below 18 degrees, you can cover the baby with a thin sheet or diaper.
Wiping with water and herbal preparations
So, we figured out how to properly wipe the child, and at what temperature of the body it is carried out. It's time to figure out which fluids and compounds can be used for the procedure described above.
The most popular and safe liquid used for wiping is clean, heated water. Wiping with water at a high temperature in a child is suitable for any age, starting with infants, since it does not cause unpleasant sensations and allergic reactions.
Wipe with water is recommended to practice at a temperature even the doctors themselves, as an independent tool or together with other methods of lowering the temperature.
But water is not the only liquid that can be used to wipe the baby at a temperature. Instead of water, you can take a decoction of medicinal herbs, which the mother usually uses to bath the baby. Wipe off with a decoction (infusion) of room temperature.
Such wiping has a positive effect on the skin of the child, which under heat is subjected to overdrying. The main thing is that the use of herbal infusion or decoction does not cause an allergic reaction in the child.
Read also: Rubbing vodka at a temperature: proportions and how to do
Wiping with vinegar and vodka
Water and herbal preparations for which the child does not have allergies can not harm the child's body, which can not be said about vinegar. Attitude to wiping with vinegar at the temperature of the child in doctors and parents is twofold. Some of them consider this procedure not useful, but, on the contrary, harmful for the baby, as vinegar can cause burning and drying of tender baby skin.
Doctors often oppose the wiping of children with vinegar, especially if their age is less than 3 years. They refer to the fact that such a procedure contributes to intoxication of the child's body, because acetic acid itself in the vinegar is able to penetrate through the pores on the skin, and its evaporation enters the respiratory tract of the baby. But if there is no other possibility to quickly knock down the temperature, you can resort to vinegar wiping.
Nevertheless, many parents successfully apply this method of fighting high temperatures, considering it more effective than wiping with plain water. The effect of such wiping is noticeable much faster, because vinegar removes fat from the skin, reducing the surface tension of droplets of liquid and sweat, and hence the process of evaporation of moisture is more active.
It is clear that for wiping do not use pure vinegar, which can leave burns on the skin. This is an aqueous solution of vinegar (9% table or apple). Acetic acid for these purposes is not recommended, because it will be difficult to maintain the optimal proportions, so that the effect is, and harm to the health of the baby does not cause.
Optimum is the following ratio of water and vinegar: for 500 ml of warm water take 1 tablespoon of vinegar. Water should be taken warm, so that after the addition of vinegar, its temperature does not become below 36 degrees and does not cause the baby to tremble. Mixing water with vinegar is recommended in glass, ceramic, porcelain or enamelware.
From time immemorial, another effective formulation is an aqueous solution of alcohol. Most often at home alcohol is replaced with regular 40% vodka.
Wiping of the child at the temperature of vodka is carried out by analogy with vinegar. In warm water add 1 tablespoon of vodka or twice less alcohol, after which the water-alcohol solution gently rub the skin of the baby all over the body.
Such rubbing is unacceptable in the treatment of children younger than 7 years. So our ancestors thought. As for the opinion of doctors, they are overwhelmingly categorically against such a procedure. In young children, a sharp smell of alcohol (as, indeed, vinegar) can cause a spasm of the airways. Passing through the baby's skin, alcohol causes poisoning of the body, and besides, its effect does not quite correspond to the circumstances. The fact that cooling the skin, alcohol in parallel increases the temperature of the internal organs, which is a great danger to the body.
As an option, some practice vodka-acetic rubbing of a child at high temperature. To prepare the composition for wiping mix in equal parts vodka, vinegar and water. The composition is prepared in a preheated cookware so that its temperature is not lower than room temperature.
And again, having a sharp unpleasant smell, such a composition for wiping can provoke a respiratory spasm in the baby, and its effect on the child's body will be more likely to be negative (intoxication) than positive (a decrease in temperature).
As experience shows, the temperature in most cases decreases with the use of any composition for wiping. But since the effect of this procedure is most often temporary and multiple repetitions may be required, it is worthwhile to think about its safety when choosing an effective method.
Even a single wipe with vodka or vinegar can harm the baby, and what can we say about two or three times or more. So it may be worthwhile still not to risk and stop at the safest of the methods of lowering the temperature in children - wiping with water?
Read also: Wiping with vinegar at high temperature: the right proportions