Symptoms of hemorrhagic diathesis
The first signs of hemorrhagic diathesis are often the main symptoms of the disease. The patient has small bluish spots (similar to bruising), a red rash on the anterior part of the ankle, hips or on the outside of the forearms.
In advanced cases, the rash is combined with necrosis, ulcers are formed. Sometimes this condition can be accompanied by pain in the epigastric region, attacks of vomiting with elements of blood in the vomit.
The disease can begin acutely and even suddenly. Bleeding, bleeding in any tissues and organs can be accompanied by the development of anemia.
Most often, patients turn to the doctor for severe bleeding, for example, after minor trauma. However, bleeding can be arbitrary, independent of the presence of direct tissue damage.
With a thorough questioning of the patient, it can be found that the symptoms of hemorrhagic diathesis have haunted him since childhood. In some cases, such signs disturbed the relatives of the person who fell ill (if the disease has a hereditary etiology).
Hemorrhagic diathesis in children
Hemorrhagic diathesis, which manifested itself in childhood, is most often hereditary. The imperfection of the folding system, the vascular system, platelet defects in this case are predetermined by genetics and inherited by the recessive type.
Disease in a child can manifest as follows:
- there is sustained bleeding gums during the eruption or change of teeth;
- often cause bleeding from the nasal cavity;
- hemorrhagic eruptions may appear;
- blood is detected in the analysis of urine;
- the child hurts joints, and at inspection the hemorrhage and deformation of an articulate bag is defined;
- periodically it is possible to observe hemorrhages in the retina;
- girls develop menorrhagia.
In newborns, the disease can manifest itself from the second-third day of life. The most common symptoms include gastrointestinal bleeding, which are found in the form of bloody defecation and vomiting. These signs can arise both separately from each other, and simultaneously. In addition, there is bleeding from the umbilical wound, from the mucosa of the mouth and nasopharynx, from the urinary system. The most dangerous are bleeding in the brain and its membranes, as well as in the adrenal glands.
Hemorrhagic diathesis in pregnancy
Pregnancy in patients with hemorrhagic diathesis is combined with great danger, therefore requires special attention and professional guidance. Even a small medical error can lead to terrible consequences.
During pregnancy a sick woman can be trapped by the following dangers:
- development of dropsy and preeclampsia (in 34% of cases);
- probability of spontaneous abortion (39%);
- premature birth (21%);
- development of placental insufficiency (29%).
Among the most serious complications can be called premature detachment of the normally located placenta, bleeding during childbirth and after childbirth. With such difficulties, it is possible to encounter almost 5% of cases of diseases in pregnant women.
The newborn can be diagnosed with chronic hypoxia, delayed development, prematurity, neonatal thrombocytopenia, hemorrhagic syndrome, and the most serious complication, intracranial hemorrhage, which is found in about 2-4% of cases.
Hemorrhagic diathesis during lactation is less dangerous, but requires no less strict control by the doctor. A woman should carefully monitor her health, prevent skin damage, take medicines prescribed by a doctor. Many patients, patients with hemorrhage, are able to give birth and nourish healthy and healthy children.