All procedures performed immediately after the onset of injury and subsequent actions should pursue the following objectives:
- Elimination of the inflammatory process
- Reduction of pain.
But now the strength and depth of the burn will prompt you to choose the ways to achieve these goals. With a slight thermal burn (grade 1), treatment in hospital units is not practical. Remove redness, swelling and tenderness can be at home by alternative methods.
The same applies to second-degree burns. The exception is the occurrence of blisters, the opening of which requires the attention of the doctor. In any case, it is not necessary to conduct blistering alone, as there is a possibility of infection. It is advisable to treat erosion at the site of blisters with antiseptic preparations.
Treatment of a burn of a lip with the use of solutions of potassium permanganate or tannin will help the wound to be tightened more quickly, but this process will be accompanied by soreness in the area of the burn due to the formation of dry crust (burning and skin tightening sensation). Therefore, if the wound is located outside the lip and prone to drying, it makes sense to apply topically antibacterial ointments.
Remarkable effect in this regard has an ointment on a water-soluble basis "Levomekol", which has a rich composition. Despite the rather low cost of the drug, it has an excellent anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect. At the same time, a dense crust does not form on the burn site, it is prone to cracking, the wound quickly and practically painlessly tightens, leaving no noticeable scars behind.
Ointment has practically no contraindications, except for cases of hypersensitivity. Apply it locally, applying to the wound an impregnated napkin, or simply smear with an ointment place of burn lips.
"Levosin" - antibacterial and anti-inflammatory ointment, which also has a noticeable analgesic effect. It is indicated for use, both at the site of the opened bladder, and in the area of suppurating wounds at stage 3 of the burn. Ointment literally pulls pus from the wound and disinfects it.
Like the previous drug, it is contraindicated only with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug and applied directly to the burn. To side effects of the drug can be attributed only to allergic manifestations in the form of a rash on the skin. The use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation is possible only according to the doctor's indications.
A good anti-inflammatory and restorative effect on the cells of the mucosa is provided with ointments based on natural resins and wax. They help the wound from burn lips to tighten more quickly, preventing the formation of pus. These ointments also form a kind of protective film that prevents the entry of microbes into the lesion. A vivid example of such a remedy for burns is the "Biopin" ointment.
To treat various burns on the outer side of the lip, a 5% ointment is used. Apply it to the wound in an amount of 1-2 g, depending on the size of the damaged surface. Contraindication to use is only individual intolerance of the drug. With the same is associated with the presence of side effects in the form of burning and redness.
By the way, a similar, though less pronounced, action is also possessed by the well-known cream "Rescuer", a native of many home medicine kits.
The burn of the inner side of the lip is not prone to drying out. As an antimicrobial in this case, use liquid antiseptics (a weak solution of potassium permanganate, furacilin or tannin), as well as chamomile broth for anti-inflammatory effect in the form of lotions and rinses.
Burn lips, especially 2 and 3 degrees, are accompanied by severe pain. To remove such feelings, we use the usual for us, inexpensive drugs, such as "Analgin", "Baralgin", "Tempalgin", etc.
Tempalgin is an anesthetic drug that not only removes pain, but also helps to reduce the temperature that has increased as a result of the burn. In addition, the drug has a slight anti-inflammatory and soothing effect. You can take the drug, starting with 14 years. Before this age it is better to limit yourself to "Analgin". The daily dose of the drug is usually from 1 to 3 tablets. One can take up to 2 tablets, no more than 5 days in a row.
The drug has some contraindications for use: marked renal, hepatic or heart failure, low blood pressure, problems with hematopoiesis, aspirin asthma, pregnancy and breastfeeding, hypersensitivity to the drug. Common side effects include: headaches and dizziness, pressure jumps and heart rhythm disorders, burning in the stomach and dry mouth of the mouth, changes in blood composition and color of urine, allergic reactions.
Alternative treatment for burn lips
Alternative medicine advises in the case of a burn to proceed as follows. First, carefully inspect the wound and as soon as possible to cool it with clean water or cool compresses. The stronger the burn, the more prolonged cooler baths are needed to relieve inflammation and pain.
Sometimes as an analgesic and disinfectant advise to use alcohol. But in the case of mucous membranes, such treatment can only exacerbate the situation, causing additional skin burn with sensitive skin. The same applies to the effects of salt and soda on the affected area. It is better to use solutions of these products (1 tsp per glass of water) if there is a burn of the outer or inner part of the lip. A similar effect is provided by a lotion of a weak solution of manganese.
But a decoction of chamomile or St. John's wort (1 tablespoon of herb per glass of water), boiled for 10 minutes, in the form of rinses and lotions will help reduce pain, relieve inflammation and prevent suppuration of the burn wound, without damaging the delicate skin of mucous membranes. Herbal treatment in this case means the use of plants that have anti-inflammatory and sedative effects, both as lotions and rinses, and as a therapeutic drink. Such plants include chamomile, St. John's wort, yarrow, burdock, marigold flowers, plantain, etc. Decoctions of these herbs and their collections will help in a short time to turn terrible wounds into a barely noticeable pink surface.
But burdock and plantain can be used in the treatment of burn lips and in the form of gruel from the leaves of the plant, applied to the damaged surface of the skin. For convenience, the gruel is wrapped in gauze. From the tincture of calendula and Vaseline (1: 2), you can prepare a wonderful ointment from burns and other wounds. Helps with burns and smearing the place of damage with aloe juice.
In the place of a burn, you can put a potato slice, pumpkin or carrot, or use for juice lotion of these vegetables. A good anti-inflammatory effect is the fresh brewing of black tea, but it must be used completely chilled, as the baked surface becomes very sensitive to heat and the pain intensifies.
Of oils, a sea-buckthorn oil has a good anti-inflammatory and healing effect. On the basis of olive and butter, you can prepare ointments from burns:
- Olive oil and chalk mix in such proportions that the mass has got a consistence of a cream.
- A tablespoon of butter to melt, mix with fresh egg and whisk until the mixture thickens and will look like a cream.
Ointments should be applied to the wounds and kept until completely absorbed. They will help to remove inflammation and pain, and also prevent the appearance of scars from burns.
The sunburn of the lip, which is manifested by such symptoms as swelling and redness, peeling of the skin and the formation of blisters on the mucous lips, is the first applicant for home treatment. Among drugs, the best-known for improving the situation is the "Panthenol", known since childhood. Among the alternative medicine, sour cream, raw egg white, aloe juice, sea buckthorn oil have a remarkable effect in this case.
Homeopathy with burn lips
Homeopathic, like any other treatment for burn lips pursues 2 main goals: the removal of pain and prevention of infection in the wound. The means used to solve this problem are assigned depending on the degree of tissue damage. So for burns of 1 degree the most actual will be preparations of arnica and aconite.
Arnica 30 has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. The drug can be taken as a granule or as an ointment. Granules are taken before or after meals (one hour before meals or half an hour after it) for 2-3 pieces at a time. They need to be held under the tongue until they are completely dissolved. In the first hours after the burn, the drug is taken every 10-15 minutes, then the interval is increased to 3.5-4 hours or more. The ointment is applied directly to the damaged area until the symptoms of the burn disappear completely.
"Aconite 30" - anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and pain-relieving homeopathic preparation used for burns inward in the form of granules and externally as a tincture in 30-fold dilution. Granules are taken half an hour before or one hour after meals in the amount of 8 pieces under the tongue. In the early days, reception is recommended every 3 hours. From dilute tinctures make lotions to the place of burn lips.
Aconite - a poisonous plant, so its use should be strictly in doses recommended by a homeopathic doctor. The drug is contraindicated in low blood pressure and hot flashes, as well as with individual drug intolerance. Side effects are associated with the last contraindication. At pregnancy consultation of the gynecologist in occasion of safety of application of the given agent is required.
Lip burn of the 2nd degree with the appearance of blisters requires the addition of a drug that prevents the infection of sores at the site of the blisters and their suppuration. For this purpose, prescribe a homeopathic preparation "Kantaris" with a 30-fold dilution. In the form of granules applied to 5 pieces under the tongue. It can be applied directly to the burn site, diluting 5 granules in water or a lotion of calendula flowers. When applied locally, burning is felt on the damaged skin, but this is a normal reaction. A similar action is possessed by the homeopathic remedy "Urtica Urens".
At a chemical burn of a lip at adults and children the preparation on the basis of sulfuric acid "Sulfurikum atidum" in 30-fold breeding is shown . Drops neutralize the effects of harmful and hazardous chemicals. Use after thorough washing of the wound with water. Inside the drug take 2-3 times a day between meals. It can also be used as external lotions, which reduce the absorption of harmful substances into the blood.