To date, a burn after a tanning bed is a fairly common problem. This is because the ultraviolet radiation in the solarium is much more intense, so the skin can almost instantly burn. Therapy of such a burn is based on the reduction of pain, as well as inflammation, which can cause infections.
Causes of the burn after a tanning bed
One of the most important reasons for the appearance of a burn after a tanning bed is photosensitization, that is, the increased sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet rays. It is also interesting that photosensitization often causes the administration of certain drugs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, neuroleptics, diuretics, antifungal agents, female hormonal drugs). Photosensitizers are found in food products (citrus fruits, figs, chicken eggs, parsnips, carrots, dill, parsley, agave, green garlic, St. John's wort, wheat, clover), as well as in cosmetics used (acne preparations, shaving, decorative cosmetics, soap).
If you have fair skin, getting a burn in a tanning salon will be much easier. This is due to the production of less melanin - a substance that protects the skin from sunlight. In addition, if you have acne on your skin, infectious diseases or viral diseases, it is best to postpone the trip to the solarium for a while.
Symptoms of the burn after a tanning bed
The main symptoms of burns after a tanning bed are:
Redness of the skin.
Severe burning and itching.
Increased body temperature.
Face burn after a tanning bed
The burn of the face after a sun deck, more often, is shown in the form of reddening of an integument. But not always redness appears precisely from prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. There are three main reasons for the appearance of such a feature:
The most common is still the burn of the upper layer of the skin. In this case, you will feel itching, burning and rising temperature in the burn place. If the effect of ultraviolet was too strong, then on the skin can appear blisters, from which the flow of the sycause will flow. Over time, they will begin to open and peel off.
Redness can be caused by an allergic reaction to ultraviolet rays. Its signs are similar to a burn, but the main symptoms do not last a long time.
An allergic reaction to the funds or their components that were used in the solarium.
To after the procedure of sunbathing in the solarium on your face there are no burns, you must follow important rules. First, the first few times the duration of the procedure should be minimal. Thus, your skin will get used to ultraviolet. Secondly, use special tools that protect the skin from negative effects. Thirdly, do not forget to cover your face during the session with a cotton cloth.
The stages of burns, which can be obtained in a solarium, can be divided into:
The first stage - the burn appears only in the upper layer of the epidermis. The skin is restored quickly enough: within 3-5 days.
The second stage - defeat reaches deeper layers of the epidermis. On the skin can appear blisters with a saccharum. Full recovery is possible only after 8-12 days.
In the solarium it is possible to get only one type of burn - thermal. Precisely such a burn can appear after a long stay in the sun.
Complications and consequences
The solarium is dangerous for those people who have a large number of birthmarks on their bodies, especially if the latter are larger (more than 15 cm). Before the procedure, you should definitely visit a dermatologist, who will tell you how much time you may be exposed to ultraviolet, and whether you can even use a solarium. If you really need to get a uniform tan (for example, before the wedding), all birthmarks must be pasted with a plaster before the session. Also do not forget about the various sunscreens.
The fact is that in this case there is a sufficiently high risk that moles will begin to degenerate into malignant skin tumors. It is not desirable to sunbathe in the solarium and people who have too light skin, and also have freckles. It is easier for you to get a burn.
Often after a solarium on a cutaneous cover there are chloasma - dark stains which strongly enough spoil appearance. Most often, such spots appear on the skin of the face. They are associated with hormonal disorders in the body of a woman. The appearance of chloasma can provoke even the application of perfume before the session.
Inadequately, too weak a body can respond to ultraviolet radiation. In this case, you may experience an allergy or photodermatitis.
It should be understood that a burn after a tanning bed can lead not only to the appearance of scars or scars on the skin, but also to more serious consequences - skin diseases.
If after a trip to the solarium you found burns on your body, treatment should begin with the first aid to your skin:
As with sunburn, first of all, the skin should be cooled. With this, various lotions and compresses will perfectly cope with the use of ordinary cold clean water. To improve the result, you can use aloe juice, black tea with ice, tomato juice or cucumber juice. You can use antiseptic drugs (chlorhexidine, furatsilin).
After cooling, the skin should be moistened. Otherwise, your skin may dry up and become inflamed. To do this, you can use "Panthenol" in the form of a spray.
Treatment of a burn after a tanning bed
To get rid of a burn after a sun deck it is possible within a couple of days, but for this you need to know how to get rid of this problem:
Since even a small burn causes dehydration, it is necessary to drink a sufficient amount of liquid.
In order to get rid of pain, you can take any pain medication.
Excellent help to remove the discomfort of homemade masks from kefir or sour cream.
To moisturize and soothe the skin, use a mask from a grated cucumber.
A cool shower with a little pressure will help cool the skin.
If the shower does not help, you can try to pour a whole bathroom of cool water and add a decoction of chamomile into it.
Solcoseryl. A medicine based on the active component of deproteinized dialysate from blood taken from healthy calves. The drug helps to increase metabolism and improve trophic tissue. Thanks to this, the regeneration process is accelerated. It is available as an ointment and solution.
Apply a sufficient amount of ointment to the affected areas of the skin 2-3 times a day. Therapy continues until the disappearance of unpleasant symptoms.
Patients who were diagnosed with intolerance to the drug component, hyperkalemia, anuria, oliguria, use Solcoseryl is prohibited. Also, this medicine is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.
The use of Solcoseryl can cause allergic reactions, hives, flushing.
Actovegin. A drug based on the active component of deproteinized hemoderivat, which is obtained from the blood of young healthy calves. To treat burns after a tanning salon, 5% Actovegin cream is usually used. Due to its composition, the agent helps to activate the metabolism of oxygen and glucose.
To obtain an effective result, apply the Actovegin cream is recommended at least 2 times a day for 12 days. Do not use if the patient has been diagnosed intolerant of the drug components.
The use of Actovegin can cause allergies, including hives.
Panthenol. Drug based on the active component of dexpanthenol. It helps to improve trophism and tissue regeneration.
Apply a cream (ointment) is recommended in a small amount 2-4 times a day. After application, rub into the skin with massage movements. It is not recommended to use the drug to treat patients who have been diagnosed intolerant of Panthenol components.
Use of this drug may cause allergic reactions, but very rarely.
Amprovisol. A drug based on the active ingredient menthol, anesthesin, ergocalciferol solution. The drug is used to relieve pain. It is also known for its cooling and moisturizing properties. Produced in the form of an aerosol.
To direct a stream of a medicine on the amazed sites of an integument for 1-5 seconds. The distance from the skin to the balloon should be at least 20 cm. It can be treated several times a day, depending on the patient's condition.
It is not recommended to use Amprovizol if you have a second degree burn on your skin, and there are wounds or abrasions.
To treat burns from a tanning salon, aloe vera juice is often used. To do this, squeeze a small amount of juice on the affected areas of the skin. The second sheet of aloe must be ground to get a gruel and put on the skin. Pribintovat.
Take a few leaves of a large burdock, grind into a gruel and put on burns. To re-bandage.
Dilute the fresh leaves of the plantain to get a homogeneous mass. Apply on skin that has burned.
Prepare a decoction of oak bark. You can use it for lotions when you got a face burn in the solarium.
In order not to get a burn in the solarium, you need to adopt some rules of conduct in it:
Even if you really need to become a "chocolate" at a time, do not try to do it. First the skin should get used to ultraviolet rays. The average session should not exceed 3-5 minutes at the beginning. To get the exact time, you need to consult with the staff of the solarium.
Always use a variety of means for protection. And you will not be suitable for those that can be applied on the beach.
Use special glasses during the session to protect your eyes and skin around them. Cover especially sensitive parts of the body (breast nipples, moles).
Do not use perfumes and cosmetics before the session.
In most cases, if the burn is small, then the prognosis is favorable. The skin is restored within 3-5 days.
Last update: 19.06.2018
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
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