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Atony of the intestine

 
, medical expert
Last reviewed: 19.06.2018
 
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Atony of the intestine - violation of bowel movement. In the article we will consider the main causes of this condition, the nature of nutrition to eliminate intestinal emptying difficulties, and the treatment of intestinal atony, incl. Alternative medicine.

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Causes of Atony of the Intestine

With unsystematic emptying of the intestine, there are cases of self-poisoning of the body. It is very important to empty the bowels regularly, avoiding a delay of more than 1 day. The reason is insufficient peristalsis. Unfortunately, due to the lack of a culture of careful attitude towards themselves, many people do not rush to go to the doctor with this problem for years. Laxatives simply stop helping in 3-5 years of admission, because the intestines are "lazy." The result is that all the vitamins and useful substances stop coming into the body. The allergy and oncology of such a person is just around the corner.

Inadequate nutrition, snacks, physical inactivity, gastrointestinal illnesses, the tradition on Friday to skip a rumushka or another - the main reasons for failures in the work of this important body.

trusted-source[6], [7], [8], [9], [10]

Postoperative intestinal atony

Postoperative atony of the intestine - persistent constipation after surgery on the organs of the digestive tract. Successfully treated with the drug Kalimin. This drug improves peristalsis and motility of the gastrointestinal tract. Contraindications: hypersensitivity, diabetes, pregnancy. Possible nausea, vomiting, stomach colic, lacrimation, myasthenia gravis, increased secretion of lacrimal and salivary glands, weakness, miosis. Take inside, 60 mg every 5 hours.

Atony of the large intestine

Atony of the intestine, in other words - constipation, associated with the weakening of the muscles of the large intestine. The large intestine gradually, from childhood stretched calic stones. Constipation is particularly affected by women in the second half of pregnancy. Constipations suffer and those who eat too much smoked. Atony of the intestine is an intoxication of the body. Today in the arsenal of physicians there are enough funds to treat constipation. Eat more sour-milk products, and eggs should be limited. For constipation, which lasts more than 3 days, consult a doctor.

trusted-source[11], [12], [13], [14]

Atony of the stomach and intestines

Atony of the intestine and stomach develops more often with an improperly composed diet. The patient is disturbed by the sagging stomach, sometimes there are the phenomena of intestinal obstruction, painful, prolonged constipation. The volume of feces is small, it is very dry. To avoid these phenomena, observe a few simple rules:

  1. Eat more food rich in fiber.
  2. Address to the neuropathologist. In some diseases, there may be a violation of the innervation of the stomach and intestines.
  3. Move more.

trusted-source[15], [16], [17], [18]

Symptoms of atony of the intestine

The normal frequency of the stool is 4 times a week. If evacuation occurs less often, be wary and try to reveal the cause of constipation. It can be:

  1. Starvation.
  2. Binge eating.
  3. If you lay for a long time because of illness.
  4. Smoking.

Patients with intestinal atony have no appetite, often they are sluggish.

Want to help yourself? Give up fried and smoked, pies, chocolate and rich broths, pomegranates, mushrooms, garlic and radishes, beans. Beets, buckwheat and carrots bring invaluable benefits to the intestines. Useful yogurt, lean meat and honey.

Atony of the intestine in children

Atony of the intestine in children often occurs under the influence of a psychological factor, for example, when wean from the chest or accustom to a pot. Chronic constipation may be due to inadequate water intake. To treat constipation in children it is good to use glycerin suppositories. They contribute to the reflex emptying of the baby's intestines. The suppository should be entered 20 minutes after breakfast.

trusted-source[19], [20], [21], [22], [23]

Atony of the intestine in the elderly

A sedentary lifestyle and operations performed by older people often lead to constipation. A good method of combating constipation is the milk and vegetable menu, walks and enemas. Let the patient before breakfast 2 tbsp. L. Sunflower oil, biokefir, for breakfast, offer to eat salad from boiled beet, baked apple, raisins, prunes. For lunch is good hodgepodge and borsch, mashed potatoes, sauerkraut, bananas, berries and greens. Fruit and vegetables grind. 400 prunes through a meat grinder and add 100 g of honey. The mixture is taken on an empty stomach. It's good to do enemas with chamomile.

What's bothering you?

Diagnosis of intestinal atony

The doctor takes a feces for bacteriological analysis, makes a colonoscopy, if necessary - a biopsy. The intestinal atony is easily determined by the typical complaints of the patient for a prolonged stool delay. To clarify the reasons, diagnostics are carried out in the laboratory and with the help of special instrumental research methods.

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Who to contact?

Treatment of intestinal atony

Traditional laxatives are only symptomatic agents, they can not eliminate the very reason for the violation of bowel movement. In addition, over time they cease to function. The patient becomes very irritable and goes to the doctor at the reception. You need to radically revise your diet. Exclude from it rice, hard-boiled eggs, pears. The exercises and therapeutic massage of the abdomen help.

Eat fresh and canned lingonberries, include in the food rhubarb, prunes, apricots, plums and prunes, cherries.

10 g of oregano powder pour a glass of water and drink on a tablespoon twice a day.

Preparations for intestinal atony

Effective means for solving such a problem as atony of the intestine - distigmine bromide. It stimulates the work of exocrine glands, promotes increased peristalsis. It is used for chronic constipation. Contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity, bradycardia, asthma, stomach ulcers, renal colic, chronic heart failure. Do not prescribe during pregnancy and lactation. Possible bradycardia, hyperhidrosis, muscle spasms. Drink half an hour before the first meal. A day - no more than 10 mg of the drug.

Neostigmine methyl sulfate is a preparation for intestinal atony, which increases the muscle tone of the digestive tract. Strengthens the work of exocrine glands. In epilepsy, IHD, arrhythmia, angina pectoris, asthma, atherosclerosis, thyrotoxicosis, gastric ulcer, in the acute period of infectious neostigmine, methyl sulphate is not prescribed. In pregnancy and lactation appoint with caution, comparing the risk to the health of the mother with the risk for the child. Possible headache, cramps, loss of consciousness and miosis, arrhythmia, bradycardia, tachycardia and cardiac arrest. The drug is administered orally, intramuscularly and intravenously. Dosage is selected individually, taking into account age, body weight and other factors.

Proserin for intestinal atony

Atony of the intestine after surgery is eliminated by the drug Proserin. Proserin facilitates the transmission of nerve impulses, restores neuromuscular conduction. Increases the secretion of the glands of the digestive tract, tones up the muscles. Contraindications: epilepsy, ischemic heart disease, bradycardia, stenocardia, asthma, stomach ulcer, atherosclerosis, peritonitis. Side effects: nausea, vomiting, flatulence, headache, weakness, drowsiness and visual impairment. Apply inside for 30 minutes before meals 10-15 mg three times a day. P / to: adults - 0.5-1-2 mg (0.5 mg - 1 ml 0.05% solution) 1-2 times a day, the maximum single dose - 2 mg, daily - 6 mg.

Diet with intestinal atony

Regular constipation is often caused by eating on the go dry or malnourished. There is a need for small, small portions, at the same time, 5 times a day. All dishes need to cook, it is better if possible for a couple, and not fry and use smoking. You can bake in the oven. Proportion of protein in the diet is 60%. In the morning, vegetable juice is recommended, at night - yogurt, yogurt, sour cream or kefir. Compliance with diet is combined with exercises. Useful stale bread and dried biscuits, vegetable soups, borsch and soup, lean meat, poultry, sausages, vegetable dishes from cauliflower, zucchini, tomatoes, carrots and greens, dishes from barley and millet, pasta. Canned food and salted fish are prohibited. Brewing broths, peas and beans, rice, mushrooms, garlic, chocolate and coffee, pomegranates and quince can not be used for the diagnosis of intestinal atony. Useful sea kale, compotes, kissels, baked apples, grated carrots with honey and various salads from vegetables, natural yoghurts, veal and prunes.

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Nutrition for intestinal atony

The main symptom of intestinal atony is persistent constipation, headaches. Cowberry, oranges, rhubarb, peaches, pumpkin, greens and dried apricots are excellent products that promote the improvement of peristalsis. Useful meat dishes and buckwheat porridge. Coffee, smoked meat, bilberries and pears are undesirable. Violation of bowel evacuation, in addition to diet, is treated by daily walks and jogging, activities in the gym, swimming - by any type of physical activity that you like.

Exercises for intestinal atony

As a basis, you can take the following set of exercises, each of which is repeated 10 times. 

  1. Lying on his back perform movements, as when riding a bicycle. 
  2. Lying on the back, legs bent at the knee joints are wrapped around the arms and pressed to the stomach. 
  3. Standing on their knees with an emphasis on their hands, they pull back each leg in turn. 
  4. From the position of lying on your back, throw your feet behind your head and return to the starting position.

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Drugs

Prevention of intestinal atony

Prevention of atony consists in choosing the optimal type of physical activity and regular use of yogurt, cottage cheese, ryazhenka, fruit.

Prognosis for intestinal atony

Atony of the intestine has a positive prognosis and often does not even require special therapeutic measures. The main formula for her cure is diet and exercise.

Atony of the intestine is a common problem, so for constipation, do not hesitate to contact your doctor.

It is important to know!

Nonspecific ulcers of the small intestine are extremely rare. In the literature, you can find only a few descriptions of this disease. These are nonspecific ulcers in contrast to ulcers of established nature, which can be tubercular, syphilitic and cancerous. Read more..

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