Advices of a vascular surgeon physician
According to the latest data of the International Society of Flebologists (Union Internationale de Plebologie), chronic venous insufficiency affects 35-65% of the inhabitants of the industrially developed countries of the world. The most common vascular pathologies include varicose veins, which is especially common in women. Statistics show that more than 60% of women have symptoms of this disease after 45-50 years. Deformed veins, twisting blue "bundles" translucent under the skin, not only spoil the appearance. Without the treatment of varicose veins, very severe vascular complications develop, primarily thrombophlebitis, as well as trophic ulcers and thromboembolism.
Among the factors predisposing to the appearance of varicose veins, the following should be noted:
- genetically determined weakness of the vein walls and dysfunction of the venous valves (ie hereditary predisposition);
- excessive body weight;
- positional disturbances of venous outflow (in people who are for a long time in forced orthostasis with "sedentary" or "standing" work, as well as during frequent and prolonged air travel);
- high-heeled shoes;
- excessive physical activity and overheating (sauna, hot tub, solarium, beach);
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- intensive hormone replacement therapy or long-term use of hormonal contraceptives).
All these factors can cause a violation of blood flow through the veins, its stasis and increased venous pressure, which leads to an expansion, deformation and partial or complete dysfunction of the vessels of the legs.
Therapy of varicose veins should be carried out at the first of its symptoms. Since thrombophlebitis, to which this disease leads, is already an inflammation of the walls of the veins with the formation of thrombi. Often clots break away from the vessel wall and migrate along the vascular bed. And if it enters the pulmonary artery, then there is a deadly thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery. So, venous thrombosis is a real threat to life.
The advice of a vascular surgeon's doctor regarding the prevention of varicose veins is as follows: once again carefully read the previous paragraph of these notes and try to minimize the risk factors for this disease. Especially if among your relatives there are patients with varicose veins. And pregnant women with a penchant for this vascular pathology are recommended to wear a special compression jersey.
Effective treatment of varicose disease and the ability to prevent its further development exist. Only for this purpose it is necessary to pay attention to the first signs of the disease in time and to turn to a specialist in time. And this specialist is a vascular surgeon.