Features of hematuria in children are associated with age indices. Urine red in a child aged 9-12 months to 2 years can be considered a relatively acceptable symptom. This is explained by the fact that in children the function of renal filtration is not yet formed and the cells of the glomerulus do not retain red blood cells, letting them into the urine. Variants of the norm of the presence of erythrocytes in the urine with microscopic examination in children under 2 years old - 5 in the sediment in the field of view.
Normal indicators in children after 2 years are as follows:
2-4 - for girls.
1-2 for boys.
After 4 years, children should not have traces of blood in urine.
Excess of normal indices is evidence of the beginning pathological process and an occasion for complex examination.
The reasons for which urine can appear red in children:
Intoxication with chemicals.
Congenital endocrine pathologies.
There are also physiological factors that are not considered pathologies:
Overcooling or, on the contrary, a prolonged stay under direct sunlight, heat stroke.
Violation of the diet, eating foods with nitrates, preservatives, chemical dyes.
The course of treatment with specific drugs.
Physical overstrain. In children, overload can cause prolonged crying, hysterics.
An accurate diagnosis should be made by a doctor, parents should remember that self-medication is unacceptable, as it is fraught with serious complications and the risk of missing the onset of the disease.
For other reasons for the appearance of red urine, see this article.
What to do?
Details of what to do, to what doctor to treat, how to treat, if your child has red urine read in this article.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"