Streptococcal pyoderma, more commonly known as streptoderma, is a common skin disease and is increasingly being diagnosed in recent years. The disease is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy one, and the immediate causative agent is a pyogenic microbe, Streptococcus. Treatment of streptoderma in adults should be complex, as it is rather difficult to overcome this disease. In addition, there is always the risk of the pathology becoming chronic. How to build a treatment scheme to forget about the problem forever?
How much streptoderma is treated?
The total duration of therapy for streptoderma does not have clearly defined terms. Different patients have different healing processes, depending on many factors:
- the age of the person (the older the patient, the more difficult the healing is);
- on the degree of neglect of streptoderma;
- from a particular organism and the state of its immune defense;
- from human health in general, the presence of chronic pathologies.
In a young, previously healthy patient, provided the treatment is correctly prescribed, streptoderma can be cured in as little as one or two weeks. In case of late treatment to a doctor, as well as in old age, the healing process is able to drag on for up to a month or even more.
How to quickly cure streptoderma?
Even with small manifestations of streptoderma, it is desirable to conduct as large-scale treatment as possible: the disease is contagious, it spreads quickly through the body of the patient himself, and is also transmitted to other healthy people.
In order to curb streptoderma in a short time, you need to follow a few important rules. The first is the careful observance of personal hygiene standards. If you ignore them, the treatment may be in vain, and the disease will be delayed.
What are the following hygienic standards:
- Do not allow water to get wet or get into them, but you can and should wash and healthy areas of the skin (feet, genitals) (or at least wipe them with a damp cloth);
- in the presence of itchy sensations should not scratch the skin and even touch the wounds so as not to cause additional infection and spread of the disease process;
- do not use someone else's towels and dishes - all household items should be individual for the patient;
- Sores and other minor skin lesions should be regularly lubricated or irrigated with an antiseptic recommended by a doctor.
In addition to these rules, in the room where the patient is, you need to do a daily high-quality wet cleaning, and bedding should often be washed and ironed with a hot iron.
All these measures will speed up the recovery of the patient.
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Treatment of streptoderma
If the patient feels satisfactory, and the foci of streptoderma are detected only once, then the doctor may limit the appointment of local drugs. In other, more difficult situations, immunostimulatory treatment, physiotherapy, etc. Are additionally prescribed.
To avoid the spread of the disease to healthy skin areas, the area near the wounds should be treated with disinfectants in the mornings and evenings (alcohol solutions - salicylic or boric, for example). If there are erosive surfaces or bullous elements, then lotions based on 0.25% silver or 2% resorcin are applied to them. After blistering, antimicrobial treatment is carried out with further application of antibiotic ointments (for example, with tetracycline). Read more about the drugs used in the treatment of streptoderma in this article.
If there are pronounced signs of an inflammatory process, then short courses of hormonal external agents like Triderme or Lorinden may be used. Prolonged use of such agents for streptoderma is prohibited, since the risk of appearance of trophic disorders in the skin is significantly increased.
With strong itchy sensations, it is important to take measures to relieve the patient's well-being. If this is not done, further combing and tissue damage will lead to infectious spread and to the expansion of pathological foci. Therefore, additional antihistamine treatment is required - for example, with the use of Suprastin, or Claritin, or other antiallergic medicines.
With an increase in temperature parameters, a change in the lymph nodes, antibiotic therapy (penicillins) is prescribed.
The treatment regimen for streptoderma is supplemented by general recommendations, which include:
- restriction of water procedures;
- preference to use natural fabrics in clothing;
- compliance with certain conditions in everyday life;
- observance of low-allergenic diet;
- limiting contact with healthy people during the entire incubation period.
Is it possible to cauterize streptoderma?
Many experts advise to cauterize the streptoderma foci with the following external preparations:
- 2% methylene blue solution;
- brilliant green solution ("Zelenka");
- Fucorcin (Castellani paint);
- 2-3% boric acid;
- Furacilin solution.
Burning agents based on aggressive acids and alkalis with streptoderma are not used in any way.
A good drug for treating wounds and burning them is pharmaceutical tincture of calendula. It is used topically as an antiseptic. Among other things, calendula actively contributes to the tightening and exfoliation of streptoderma. The effectiveness of the tincture is explained by the biologically active components present in the flowers and buds of calendula. Flavonoids and carotenoids, saponins and astringents, essential oils and organic acids have a pronounced antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory effect. The frequency of application of remedies for streptoderma is determined by the doctor individually.
Physical Therapy for Streptoderma in Adults
After the acute symptoms of streptoderma remain behind, it is time for additional treatments - for example, for physiotherapy. Physiotherapy for streptoderma most often represented by such methods:
- UFO of the affected area on the skin (assigned with separately existing foci of infection);
- UBI of blood (prescribed for large-scale lesions, with chronic streptoderma).
- UFO for streptoderma, quartz treatment is not prescribed:
- with skin hypersensitivity to ultraviolet radiation;
- in severe mental disorders;
- with epilepsy;
- with syphilitic lesions, immunodeficiency syndrome;
- with increased photosensitivity of the skin;
- in the post stroke period.
Vitamins for Streptoderma in Adults
Mineral and vitamin substances are very necessary for the prevention and treatment of most skin problems. The lack of such substances in itself can provoke peeling, the appearance of cracks and rashes on the skin. A reduced immunity against the background of hypovitaminosis often contributes to the transition of the acute form of streptoderma to the chronic one.
What vitamins most often lacks the body of a patient suffering from streptoderma?
- Vitamin A - is involved in the differentiation of epithelial cells of the superficial skin layer. With a shortage of retinol, the skin is dehydrated, flaked, increases the risk of pyoderma.
- Vitamins B 2 and B 6 are especially necessary for long-lasting and difficult healing skin lesions, as well as for chronic streptoderma.
- Vitamin C is an excellent immunostimulant that stimulates the body’s own antimicrobial activity. But the shortage of ascorbic acid significantly lengthens the process of wound healing.
Treatment of streptoderma without antibiotics
For treatment of streptoderma, systemic antibiotics are not always required. Often enough external treatment of the affected areas with antibacterial or disinfecting agents.
Ingestion of antibiotics can be indicated with a complex course of streptoderma, with its strong spread, with the involvement of the deep layers of the skin, or with the often recurring course of the disease.
Alternative treatments for streptoderma:
- A dog rose infusion is prepared: four tablespoons of rosehip berries are kept in a thermos of 0.5 liters of boiling water overnight. Drink ¼ cup before each meal.
- Drink during the day tea made from the leaves of currants, raspberries, with the addition of lemon.
- Take aloe juice for 1 tsp. Twice a day, half an hour before meals.
- Eat one whole grapefruit per day.
- In a glass of warm milk, add half a teaspoon of propolis, dissolve and drink before going to bed.
- Take pharmacy tincture of propolis, 5 drops in tea, compote, water, up to 2 times a day.
- Pharmaceutical tincture of echinacea is taken in 30 drops in the morning on an empty stomach, with water.
Herbal ingredients can be used for external treatment of streptoderma. However, you should first consult a doctor: many experts do not advise to neglect drug therapy, since the pathogen can remain in the depth of the skin even with seeming external cure. If this happens, then there is every chance of a relapse of streptoderma.
If the doctor does not object to herbal treatment, you can try these recipes:
- Prepare a decoction based on oak bark: 3 tbsp. L bark pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, boil for 25 minutes, cooled and filtered. Apply in the form of lotions up to three times a day every day.
- Prepare an infusion of chamomile color: 1 tbsp. L flowers pour 200 ml of boiling water, infused for half an hour. The infusion is filtered and used as a compress for the night.
- Prepare an infusion of sage leaves: 1 tbsp. L raw materials are poured 200 ml of boiling water, infused for 15 minutes, filtered and used for the preparation of lotions.
- Prepare the infusion series: 2 tbsp. L turns pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and insist for an hour. Next, the drug is filtered and used for setting compresses.
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Streptoderma homeopathy in adults
Many patients prefer homeopathic treatment to traditional medical prescriptions. Homeopathic remedies act gently, do not cause adverse events. But we must not forget: not a single real homeopath will advise any means without personal consultation with a sick person. The action of homeopathy is based on the individual characteristics of the patient, and each treatment scheme is drawn up for a specific situation and person.
When streptoderma can be considered such drugs homeopathy:
- Sulfur 3, 6, 12;
- Konium 3;
- 3h sense;
- Caustic 3;
- Silica 3;
- Graphite 3;
- Sponge 3h.
The dosage and treatment regimen are determined by the doctor at an individual meeting. The possibility of combining homeopathy with traditional medical treatment is also evaluated separately.
Nutrition for adult patients with streptoderma should be completely revised and adjusted. It is recommended to take plenty of fluids (fruit drinks, pure water, tea), as well as the correction of the useful composition of food.
Enough protein intake should be ensured: it is good if low-fat meat and fish, cereals, vegetables, fruits, and greens are included in the diet. Under an unequivocal prohibition - sweets (chocolate, cookies, sweets, sweet pastries and jams, ice cream and cakes, etc.).
The skin is cleared more quickly on a predominantly vegetable diet, with the use of herbal decoctions and clean drinking water.
In the acute period of streptoderma, all seasonings and spices, as well as onions, garlic, vinegar, mustard, horseradish, etc., are excluded from the diet. The focus is on plant foods, dairy products, cereals, cottage cheese, eggs, low-fat meats and fish.
If there is a tendency to food allergies, then you need to carefully examine the menu and exclude suspicious foods to prevent potential allergens from entering the body.
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Is it possible to wash with streptoderma?
When streptoderma wash should be very careful not to wet the affected areas of the skin. Optimally - wipe healthy skin with wet wipes or gauze until the pathological lesions disappear. In a wet environment, the infection will spread faster and recovery will be impossible.
Is it possible to walk with streptoderma?
Walking in the fresh air, especially in sunny weather, with streptoderma is useful - it will contribute to a speedy recovery. However, one should not forget about the high contagiousness of the disease, therefore, it is necessary to exclude any contact of the patient with other healthy people, before the onset of full recovery. It is better to walk in non-private places - in the park, in the forest, etc.
Is it possible to have sweet with streptoderma?
If the patient really wants to recover from streptoderma, he should completely reconsider his diet, and, in particular, give up sweets in any form. If sugar is completely unbearable, then it is rarely allowed to add substitutes to food - for example, stevia or xylitol.
If we ignore this advice, then streptoderma will spread more aggressively, and it will be much more difficult to cure it, since the causative agent of the disease lives and reproduces more actively in the carbohydrate medium.
The average daily intake of xylitol is limited to 30 g. The agent is added to cooked meals and beverages cooled to a warm state. If you add xylitol to hot foods, it may appear not quite a pleasant bitter taste.
Preventive measures to prevent streptoderma in adults are quite simple:
- Generally accepted standards of sanitation and hygiene should be observed;
- you need to lead a healthy lifestyle, do not smoke or abuse alcohol, eat well and fully;
- It is important to seek medical attention in time and treat any malfunctions in the body.
Let us analyze these recommendations in order.
Every day you need to wash with warm water and soap: fine, if it is tar or resorcinol soap. Hands are washed regularly: after coming from the street, after visiting the restroom, before eating. Also regularly cut nails, daily change underwear and socks. Change bedding at least once a week. By the way, underwear - both underwear and bedding, should be selected from natural non-synthetic fabrics.
A healthy lifestyle includes not only physical activity. It is often necessary to walk outside, temper, eat only fresh and high-quality food (avoid the use of chemical additives, convenience foods, as well as products of unknown origin). Fine, if the diet of 60-70% will consist of plant foods, cereals, legumes.
If any skin lesions appear, they should be immediately treated with disinfectants. In addition, you need to control the amount of sugar in the blood, to monitor their weight. In the presence of chronic pathologies in the body, it is important to periodically visit the doctor and conduct a course of treatment.
Is there a streptoderma vaccine?
There is no vaccine capable of preventing the development of streptoderma in adults and children. Since scientists are dealing with a wide variety of streptococci, it is technically very difficult to develop such a serum. Moreover, it is considered unlikely that such a streptoderma vaccine will appear in the near future.
Sick leave for streptoderma
As a rule, the sick-list is given out to the patient for the period of his “contagion”, that is, the duration of the sick-list can be approximately 7-14 days. Approximately the same time is necessary for the qualitative cure of the disease.
If the treatment of streptoderma was started in a timely manner, and the therapeutic scheme itself was compiled correctly, the disease is cured within one or two weeks. In other situations, the problem may drag on for several months:
- the process may acquire a chronic course;
- the process may be delayed due to constant scratching of the lesions, their damage, moisture ingress, due to errors in the diet, etc.;
- the disease can be difficult to treat due to the weakened immunity of the patient.
In some cases, the lack of effectiveness of therapy means that the diagnosis was made incorrectly, and the disease is not related to streptoderma. In such a situation, it is necessary to conduct a full detailed diagnosis of the skin problem.
In general, contrary to the opinion of many, treatment of streptoderma in adults is not so difficult. The main thing is to seek help from a competent doctor and follow all his instructions.