Hyperesthesia is a disease that is characterized by hypersensitivity. This concept can be applied in two ways: as excessive psychic excitability and as a hypersensitivity to the skin, less often - teeth. In general, doctors do not consider this condition as an independent disease. They tend to treat this condition as a secondary pathology, which develops against the background of another disease. Most often, such a pathology appears against the background of depression, an extreme degree of emotional depression or apathy, as well as some neurological diseases, in particular, inflammation of the nerves.
In order to cure this disease, it is important to know exactly the cause of hyperesthesia and determine its shape. Further treatment will depend on this.
For example, with the mental form of hyperesthesia in the first place, it is important to get advice from a psychologist, psychiatrist or psychotherapist. The consultation can find out the reason, understand the internal and external conflicts that are inevitably present in any person. This will help reduce the level of tension, relieve stress and chronic fatigue, resulting in a person's general condition improves, the emotional background normalizes. Often this is enough to make a person feel better, and also the sensitivity and susceptibility of the organism to the influence of stimuli has decreased.
With the mental form of pathology, drug therapy may be required, during which various pharmaceutical agents are used that improve the adaptive potential of the organism. The main means of treatment are adaptogens. It is important to observe the regime of the day, nutrition. It is important to eat fully and provide yourself with a full rest, including sufficient sleep, walking outdoors, uniform alternation of labor with a full-fledged host and active rest. It is also important to provide spa treatment, periodic distraction from work (leave).
With dermal form, it is important to completely heal all wounds, burns, and damage to the skin. In this case, external methods of treatment are used. It can be various ointments, sprays, solutions, antiseptics, anti-inflammatory drugs. It is also important to check the blood glucose level, and if necessary, take measures to reduce it. This is especially important in diabetes mellitus. In this case, special treatment may be required to treat this disease.
If the cause of increased skin sensitivity is uremia, substitution renal therapy is performed. You may need hemodialysis, kidney transplantation in especially severe cases. If the body is exposed to toxic substances, immediately conducted detoxification therapy aimed at neutralizing and removing the poison from the body. Sometimes used chelating agents, which are substances that bind salts of heavy metals, ensure their removal from the body.
Dental hyperesthesia requires compulsory dental consultation. It is important to sanitize the oral cavity. It may be necessary to use special toothpastes designed to reduce the sensitivity of teeth. It is not recommended to eat hot and cold dishes. Sweet consumption should also be limited.
Drug treatment of hyperesthesia
In the treatment of hyperesthesia, it is very important to observe precautions. They consist that before application of any agent, it is necessary to address to the doctor, and to consult with it. This is due to the fact that the drugs used are not safe and can have numerous complications and side effects. So, they can only worsen the condition, disrupt the adaptation of the body, lead to numerous mental disorders and diseases. It is important to adhere strictly to the recommended dosage and treatment regimen, not to miss taking medication.
Xylitol is used in an amount of 0.5 grams per kg of body weight per day (1 gram supplies the body with 8 kJ). This allows us to normalize metabolic processes in the body, reduce nervous and mental tension. Importantly, this drug is also used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. When it is used, the sugar content in the blood is 2-2.5 times lower than when using glucose. He also prevents fatty infiltration of the kidneys and liver, normalizes metabolic processes in the subcutaneous tissue. Helps cleanse the body.
If the cause of the development of pathology is diabetes, use sulfanilamide drugs. They enhance the action of insulin, biguanides, normalize metabolic processes in the body. Glycemia decreases in 30 minutes. They last about 2-6 hours. Take 1 time per day, or twice a day before breakfast and after dinner. When combined treatment with insulin, both drugs are administered simultaneously. In the first days of treatment, the maximum daily dose of the drug is prescribed: for the butamide - 2 grams, for bucarban - 1.5 grams, for cyclamid - 1.0 gram, for chlorpropamide 0.5 gram. Then the dose is reduced to the optimal, supporting.
Sulfonamides are toxic, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, suppress immunity and reduce appetite. At the same time, they act quite smoothly, rarely causing hyperglycemia. After long-term use, habituation develops, so drugs must be replaced with analogues. Treatment usually lasts about 2-3 months.
If the cause of the disease is an allergic reaction, it is advisable to use antihistamines . The main drug is suprastin, which significantly reduces the sensitization of the body by lowering the level of histamine in the body. Take the pill 2-3 times a day, depending on the severity of the pathological condition.
With hyperesthesia it is important to take vitamins, because they contribute to the normalization of metabolic processes, improve the skin and internal systems of the body, reduce sensitivity. With increased sensitivity of any origin, it is recommended to take vitamins in the following daily dosages:
- Vitamin PP - 60 mg
- Vitamin H - 150 mg
- Vitamin C - 500 mg
- Vitamin D - 45 mcg
- Vitamin K - 360 mcg.
It is used rarely, mainly if there are associated pathologies, or the cause of the sensitivity disorder is accurately determined. With cutaneous hyperesthesia, electrophoresis, ultrasound, infrared radiation is used.
When the tooth form shows electrophoresis, with the help of which drugs are injected into the body. In this case, the active substance is applied to the skin or mucous membrane. Its absorption is carried out quite quickly, since it is enhanced by the action of a microcurrent. In this case, the need for substances is significantly reduced, accordingly, the dosage and the probability of side effects are reduced.
With the mental form of hyperesthesia, various electroprocedures are used, as well as massage, manual therapy, physiotherapy exercises, various rehabilitation procedures, inhalations.
With the cutaneous form of hyperesthesia due to circulatory disorders, vascular sclerosis, a decrease in the intensity of metabolic processes, 0.2 grams of mummy is used daily for 10 days. Then take a break in one week. To completely get rid of the disease apply 3-4 courses.
With increased sensitivity of the skin that occurs against the background of diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, metabolic disorders, a mixture of horseradish is used. For cooking, a tablespoon of horseradish is needed. It is mixed with a glass of sour cream or natural milk. Take a tablespoon while eating.
For the preparation of tinctures that contribute to the normalization of the sensitivity of any etiology. For cooking, take 30 grams of walnut partitions, 50 grams of dried apricots, cranberries and cranberries. Add the leaves of stevia and nettles (about 2-3 tablespoons). Pour vodka or alcohol. Insist for 2-3 days. Take a tablespoon three times a day can also be used as a means for massage or rubbing the skin with increased skin sensitivity.
When dental form of pathology, a rinse mixture is used. A teaspoon of birch tar is stirred in a glass of warm natural milk. Used mainly for rinsing the mouth. But you can take it inside. Take a glass three times a day about an hour before eating for a month. If necessary, take a break in a month, after which the procedure is repeated. For the year it is necessary to hold at least 3-4 courses.
To treat various forms of hyperesthesia, dandelion medicinal grass is used. Apply mainly roots. They are harvested during the withering of the leaves (in autumn).
Decoction is used as a bitter, which normalizes metabolic processes in the body, increases appetite, improves the activity of the digestive glands, increases the secretion of glands, both external and internal secretion. It is indicated for diseases of subcutaneous tissue, irritations and inflammations on the skin. The broth has well established itself as a choleretic and diuretic. Reduces sensitivity and irritability during pregnancy, facilitates childbirth. Eliminates constipation, normalizes the condition with obesity. It is used as a sweatshop. Reduces temperature, normalizes blood circulation,
Helps to overcome colds, eliminates skin inflammation and defects. Fresh juice is used to lubricate the skin to remove warts and calluses.
Infusion (at one time): 2 teaspoons of dry raw material pour a glass of water, boil for 5 minutes, insist 8 hours, take before meals.
Decoction: a tablespoon of dry leaves or roots, pour a glass of boiling water, cook for 20 minutes, take a tablespoon for 0.5 hours before eating.
Cherokoren medicinal is used for dermal and dental form of hyperesthesia. Prepare leaves during flowering, roots in autumn. Dry in the shade in a draft. They keep 2-3 years.
Decoctions from the tincture of the blackcore have a soothing and anesthetic effect. It is used as an anti-inflammatory, antiallergic agent. Good for gastrointestinal diseases, pain in the stomach and intestines, with rheumatism, coughing, convulsions. Reduces inflammation in the skin, joint pain. All parts of the plant are used to repel insects, it is used to prevent itching after an insect bite.
Ledum marsh is an ancient medicinal product growing in the marshland, in the forest zone of the country.
In alternative medicine has long been used to treat dental and cutaneous forms of hyperesthesia in the form of infusions, decoctions. Well established as a highly effective expectorant and diaphoretic, helps to overcome the symptoms of intoxication, recover from previous infectious diseases. Helps with skin diseases, eczema, bruises, wounds, bleeding.
To remove the hypersensitivity of the teeth, to eliminate bleeding gums, apply in a mixture with other herbal remedies, in particular, nettle, mother-and-stepmother. Helps to get rid of flies, other insects, to prevent the consequences of bites. It can be used as a decoction for lubricating irritated areas for people suffering from allergies to woolen products, synthetic fabrics. Applied for the treatment of bites of fleas, lice, with viral and bacterial infections.
Infusion: a tablespoon of dry herbs pour a glass of boiling water, insist an hour, take 2-3 tablespoons three times a day.
Decoction is also taken, only for its preparation, a tablespoon of grass for a glass of boiling water. Boil the remedy for 10 minutes.
When treating homeopathic remedies, it is important to observe precautions: take strictly according to the prescribed treatment regimen, do not exceed the dosage. Take it only after a preliminary consultation with your doctor. Otherwise, complications and various side effects may occur. For example, many herbal medicines put a strain on the cardiovascular system, impair blood circulation. With prolonged uncontrolled use, the composition and function of blood can be disrupted, metabolic processes are disrupted, which only aggravates the situation.
- Recipe number 1. Ointment with increased sensitivity of the skin.
To prepare the ointment take about 100 grams of butter, melt it on low heat. Gradually add, slowly stirring 100 grams of honey. Stir until a homogeneous mass is formed. After that, a quarter of a tablespoon of salt, a tablespoon of camphor oil, is added to the mixture. They put it in the fridge and wait until it freezes. After that, cut a small piece, apply a thin layer on the irritated areas of the skin. You can also dissolve the resulting slice in hot tea and milk.
- Recipe number 2. Balm for ingestion
For the preparation of balsam, approximately 2 tablespoons of ground coffee leaves and a teaspoon of sesame seeds will be required. All this is poured a glass of boiling water, insist for about an hour. Then filter into a separate bowl. In the mixture add a tablespoon of melted butter, mix thoroughly. In the broth add a spoonful of honey, mix until completely dissolved. After that, drink a third of a glass at night, at the same time snacking with a teaspoon of cooked puree.
- Recipe number 3. Jam from mental hyperesthesia
To remove excessive irritability (with a mental form of hyperesthesia), use jam from a pear and sea-buckthorn. Pears are cut into small slices, sea buckthorn is kneaded until oil forms. Ratio - for 3 medium pears about 200 grams of sea-buckthorn. All this is mixed in enameled dishes, cooked over low heat. Bring to half-preparedness, add 3-4 tablespoons of honey, continue to cook until ready. After this, the product is poured into cans and sealed.
- Recipe number 4. Vitaminized product
Take a whole lemon, figs and tangerine. Pass through the meat grinder along with the peel. Separately cut coconut, take coconut milk, mix with a tablespoon of honey. Stir until completely dissolved. You can melt on fire if necessary. The resulting solution is poured in a crushed mixture, used on a tablespoon before bedtime.
With hyperesthesia, surgical methods are rarely used. They may be required in case of detection of accompanying pathologies. For example, if a tumor was detected during the examination, both malignant and benign, it would require removal. The operation may be required in some forms of neuropathy, especially if the nerve is squashed by pathological tissues. For various injuries, mechanical injuries, bleeding, surgery may also be required.