The operation for the transplantation of the uterus presents certain difficulties, firstly, the organ is in a sufficiently inaccessible place; secondly, it is braided with many small blood vessels, and thirdly, the purpose of transplantation is the pregnancy of the recipient and the birth of a healthy child, that is, the body does not simply have to to get accustomed and function, but also to work in extreme conditions.
The technique of conducting the uterus transplantation was tested and ground during repeated transplantations to laboratory animals with subsequent genera of healthy offspring.
Before the operation, each of the recipients had their own eggs, they were fertilized with the sperm of the spouses and saved for the subsequent IVF.
Independently women could not become pregnant, as the fallopian tubes to the uterus are not yet joined. All women gave birth also through Caesarean section. However, science does not stand still, and scientists are already thinking about the possibility of not only giving birth naturally, but also conception. For this, it is necessary to transplant the whole complex of reproductive organs, and studies in this direction are already under way.
Scientists already say that the transplantation of the uterus is not far off for a man. Transgender women also want to experience the joy of motherhood, followed by an initiative from gay men and single men. However, such opportunities are only being discussed from the point of view of ethics and legislative base. Nevertheless, in the next decade, according to the scientists' forecast, the transplantation of the uterus to a man will become a reality.