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Health

Technique of dripping eye drops

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 11.04.2020
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Self instillation

Drops may be instilled in various ways. Method of using two hands. The patient should tilt the head back so that his gaze was directed upward. Big and ring fingers of the nondominant hand the patient should hold the upper and lower eyelids eyes so as not to close. The dominant hand a patient brings a vial of drops to the eye and produces landfill.

When tremor or severe weakness of this method may not be available in such cases, use an alternative method of using one hand. The patient should tilt the head back so that his gaze was directed upward. The dominant hand, he has to keep a vial of drops so that it is lying on the bridge of the nose. Spout bubble must be located above the eye. Squeezing the bubble, it is necessary to drip drop. With this technique, the patient's nose helps keep the bottle with instillation

Spot occlusion

Excess droplets are often displayed through the lacrimal system of the eye and then gets into the nose. The absorption of the nasal mucosa of the drug can significantly enhance its systemic action. Strong absorption system generally does not affect the action of the drug in the eye, since a large part of drugs to penetrate the cornea well, creating a sufficient concentration to saturate the receptors in the eye. Nevertheless enhanced systemic absorption typically increases the likelihood of undesirable systemic side effects.

Point finger occlusion minimizes the ingress of the drug in the nasal mucosa. To do this, the patient must simply squeeze the fingers common lacrimal ducts (the angle of the nose)

Self instillation

Drops can be instilled in various ways. Method using two hands. The patient should tilt the head back so that his gaze is directed upwards. The patient must hold the upper and lower eyelids of the eye to the thumb and ring fingers of the non-dominant hand so that they do not close. With the dominant hand, the patient brings a vial of drops to the eye and makes an instillation.

With tremor or severe weakness, this method may not be available, in such cases an alternative method using one hand is used. The patient should tilt the head back so that his gaze is directed upwards. With the dominant hand, he must hold the vial with drops so that it lies on the back of the nose. The bubble nose should be located above the eye. Squeezing the vial, it is necessary to drip drops. With this technique, the patient's nose helps keep the bottle in instillation.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

Dot occlusion

Excess drops are often excreted through the tears of the eye and then enter the nose. Absorption of the nasal mucosa preparation can significantly enhance its systemic action. Enhanced systemic absorption usually does not affect the action of the drug in the eye, since most drugs penetrate the cornea well, creating enough concentration to saturate the receptors inside the eye. However, increased systemic absorption usually increases the likelihood of unwanted systemic side effects.

Point occlusion with a finger minimizes the ingestion of the drug on the nasal mucosa. To do this, the patient should simply press the common tear ducts with his fingers (nose angle)

trusted-source[6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13]

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