Symptoms of increased cranial pressure
The intensified compressive effect on the brain can provoke some disorders in the work of the nervous system, many of these disorders and determine the main symptoms of increased cranial pressure:
- feeling of bursting and heaviness of the head, frequent headache, exacerbating closer to the morning, and by the evening a little subsiding;
- disorders of the digestive system, nausea, in some cases accompanied by vomiting, observed at the peak of the headache;
- signs of vegetovascular dystonia (turbidity of consciousness, increased sweating, spasmodic arterial pressure, tachycardia or bradycardia);
- sharp weakness, absolute apathy, inability to concentrate, unmotivated fatigue;
- spontaneous irritability, inadequate reaction to the surrounding reality;
- dark circles under the eyes, widening of the intradermal capillaries around the eyes;
- marked deterioration of libido, unwillingness to have sex;
- when the person is in the horizontal position for a long time, the signs of an increase in the cranial pressure are aggravated, the headache grows;
- the pressure inside the skull is directly proportional to atmospheric pressure, so the patient's condition becomes meteodependent;
- visual disorders: blurring of the picture, doubling, inability to focus the view.
The combination of the described signs with a high temperature, motor and brain disorders (the appearance of hallucinations, delirium) can signal the development of inflammatory processes in the brain.
Concomitant to this symptomatic significant weight loss may be a sign of cancer of the brain.
The above symptoms, which appeared soon after a severe head injury, may indicate a possible damage to the structure of the brain.
The first signs of increased cranial pressure
One of the earliest signs of a sharp increase in cranial pressure is a symptom of the enlargement of one or two pupils and the absence of their response to a light ray. There can be a simultaneous decrease in the muscle tone of the upper and lower extremities, weakness of the facial musculature. With the progressive development of hypertension, symptoms of impairment of the function of the brain stem can be observed-these are stupor manifestations up to a coma, a disorder of consciousness, changes in the respiratory rhythm and depth of inspiration, and the intensification or slowing of the heart rate.
The very first signs of an increase in cranial pressure are determined by drowsiness, bouts of yawning, twitching of hands and feet. Breathing is uneven, inconsistent, there are constant attempts to take a deep breath.
If the cranial pressure rises gradually, the clinical picture does not have such severe symptoms: patients mark pain in the head (everywhere, without specific localization), nausea with vomiting (which does not bring relief), persistent hiccups, drowsy condition, impaired visual function.
When measuring blood pressure, there is an increase in the systolic index.
If there is a suspicion of increased intracranial pressure, it is unacceptable to take the medication yourself without consulting a doctor.
Symptoms of increased intracranial pressure in adolescents
When we talk about what can be the symptoms of increased intracranial pressure in adolescents, we have in mind the following symptoms:
- the child is often exhausted, quickly tired, often apathetic to what is happening, becomes indifferent to what used to be his heightened interest; the child constantly wants to sleep, he can become irritable and whiny;
- you can see some manifestations of ophthalmic disorders - narrowing of the pupils, signs of strabismus, which were not previously observed;
- a teenager complains of a persistent debilitating headache, especially at dawn upon awakening; sometimes wakes up early from a painful attack;
- the child's appearance is tired, bluish circles can be seen near the eyes;
- the child often vomits independently of meals; there may be fits of vomiting that do not bring relief; nausea is most pronounced at the time of a pain attack;
- measurement of blood pressure determines the increase in systolic index, the frequency of cardiac activity can range from low to high numbers;
- There may be small cramps on the upper and lower limbs, sometimes on the face;
- the child can mark the appearance of "flies" in the eyes, sometimes the image is doubled, the focus of one or two eyes is deteriorated;
- may be present pressing pains in the eye area, or behind them.
The child is not always able to tell about his painful feelings and health problems, so it's important to be attentive to him, especially in adolescence, to ask about his condition, to analyze the behavior and appearance.
Symptoms of increased intracranial pressure in the elderly
Elderly people have a weaker system of blood flow inside the skull, compared with younger patients. For this reason, they may not have an increase in blood supply to the head vessels even with a marked increase in cranial pressure.
Symptoms of increased intracranial pressure in the elderly are sometimes difficult to recognize due to a sharp increase in the clinical picture of the disease and the immediate attachment of complications. This is due to significant age-related changes that do not allow partial and timely compensation for the gradual increase in cranial pressure. Simply put, the elderly organism no longer has time to restore progressive disorders, which occur one after another.
A sudden headache, nausea, a vomiting attack can quickly develop into a pre-stroke and stroke state, acute cerebral ischemia, which are manifested by symptoms characteristic of these pathological states: paresthesia, numbness of the half of the body, face, motor, speech, swallowing dysfunction, paralysis.
Elderly people, who tend to increase intracranial pressure, should be periodically inspected to avoid adverse effects.