What does a neuropathologist do?
The neuropathologist deals with the treatment of diseases associated with the nervous system, which is divided into the central (head and spinal cord) and peripheral (other nerves).
Each disease usually has its own symptoms, peculiar only to it. The most common symptom that accompanies most of the diseases of the nerves and the nervous system is pain. Usually these are headaches, pains in the neck, back, limbs.
Pain in the neck is a signal that requires increased attention. First of all, because there passes the spinal cord and there is a large number of spinal roots, the inflammation or clamping of which causes the disease of the peripheral nervous system (radiculitis).
Pain in the lower back, spine, thoracic region can occur with osteochondrosis, radiculitis.
Pain in the extremities (arms and legs) can arise for a number of reasons. In this case, first of all, you should contact a neurologist. Since this may be due to pathological conditions of the peripheral nerves. If, in addition to painful sensations, there is a feeling of numbness or hypersensitivity, muscle weakness is a neurologist, this is a doctor to be treated first.
Particular attention should be given to muscle weakness, which is a very important symptom. In this case, one muscle on the face has weakened, or completely the hand does not matter, one should immediately seek the help of a specialist, since such a condition indicates a severe neurologic disease.
Usually, the doctor makes a preliminary diagnosis after the initial examination of the patient. The main causes of numbness of the extremities or paralysis of the nerves on the face are neuritis of the facial nerve, neuroinfections, hemorrhages, strokes, hereditary diseases or malignant central nervous system, autoimmune diseases.
Vertigo is the main reason why a neurologist needs consultation. At the admission specialist establishes the existing pathology of the neck vessels or lesions of certain areas of the brain.
If there is double vision in the eyes, strabismus arises, vision problems are an urgent reason to contact a neurologist, all these symptoms almost always indicate organic lesions of the central nervous system.
What diseases are treated by a neurologist?
The diseases that the neurologist deals with are related to the nervous system. Violation of the central nervous system and peripheral nerves can cause various head injuries, radiculitis, osteochondrosis and its complications, intervertebral hernias. Also, disorders of the cerebral circulation, strokes, and CNS tumors can disrupt the functions of the nervous system.
Dangerous symptoms that require specialist intervention are frequent and severe headaches, migraines, dizziness, loss of consciousness, epileptic seizures, sleep disorders, tinnitus.
The neurologist treats such organs as the brain and spinal cord, nerves, spine, thalamus.