What does a neurologist do?
The neurologist must have high medical knowledge from the field of neurology in order to correctly diagnose the disease of the nervous system and to prescribe the most effective treatment with the goal of prompt recovery of the patient.
What does a neurologist do specifically? Its task is to diagnose a disease directly related to malfunctions in the work of the central and peripheral nervous systems of a person, and to engage in its treatment. To this kind of diseases are various deviations in the work of the brain and spinal cord, as well as of the nervous plexuses. These are neuritis, neuralgia, encephalitis, epilepsy, strokes, tumors and various circulatory disorders in the brain, as well as other diseases. Most often, the development of the ailment is preceded by changes in the mental state of the patient and his behavior. In such cases, other specialists, such as a psychiatrist or a psychotherapist, should be involved in the medical examination to establish an accurate diagnosis of the disease. It should be noted that the neurologist deals exclusively with the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of diseases of the nervous system that are not associated with disorders or changes in the human psyche.
The neurologist is treated by patients suffering from pain in the back, neck, thoracic spine, headaches, dizziness attacks, as well as having symptoms of VSD, depression, obsessive conditions, neuroses, perinatal encephalopathy, polyneuropathy, etc. Patients of the neurologist are also those who have attention deficit disorder, various peripheral nerve injuries, suffer from joint diseases, tics, conditions of increased anxiety.
At the reception the doctor has the opportunity to assess the functional state of the nervous system of the patient, thereby revealing any disturbances in electrical activity of different parts of the nervous system of the body. For example, the method of electroencephalography helps to identify and fix seizures, and the method of electromyography is used to assess the state of the patient's muscles.
These neurological examinations are usually supplemented with laboratory blood test results, which give an opportunity to determine the general health of the patient.
The most common symptom, which is the reason for a visit to a neurologist, is a headache. It is established that 75% of the entire population of our planet periodically suffer from a headache of various etiologies. Often people do not even try to understand the true causes of its occurrence and take analgesics uncontrollably. Chronic character of headaches is most often caused by stress, depression, various kinds of hormonal disorders, vascular changes in the body, atherosclerosis, diseases of the musculoskeletal system. A total of about 50 diseases associated with the main, and sometimes the only symptom - a headache. Therefore, it is so important to establish the reasons for its occurrence in time, referring to an experienced neurologist.
What diseases are treated by a neurologist?
The neurologist deals with various diseases of the nervous system, the result of which, most often to this day, are chronic ailments, deterioration of the overall ecological situation in the world, stressful situations, sedentary lifestyle and other negative factors. With age, the risk of developing neurological diseases usually increases, but over the past decades there has been a tendency to "rejuvenate" them. First of all, it is connected with the way of life of modern people, which leads to a general deterioration of the body, a decrease in immunity, changes in the work of internal systems and human organs.
What diseases are treated by a neurologist? Often, this medical specialist is treated with osteochondrosis, symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia, the negative consequences of craniocerebral trauma, herniated intervertebral disc, complaints of headaches and frequent migraines, dizziness, as well as insomnia, impaired concentration and sleep. Among the patients of a neurologist you can meet people with so-called. "Chronic fatigue syndrome", back pain, neuritis, memory and sleep disorders, "noises" in the ears and head, pinch of the sciatic nerve, hypertensive encephalopathy.
A neurologist is required to diagnose and treat many neurological diseases, such as neuralgia, sciatica, lumbago, sciatica, Alzheimer's disease, discirculatory encephalopathy (insufficiency of blood circulation in the brain of a chronic nature), stroke, brain tumors, and encephalitis and polyneuropathies, Parkinson's disease.
A problem of a neuropathological nature that is very actual and widespread in our time is a malfunction in the work of the autonomic nervous system of man. Various epidemiological studies conducted in the conditions of the modern city, show that to date, vegetative disorders are manifested in 65% of the population of our country. Among the main symptoms of VSD can be noted the following: chronic fatigue and muscle weakness, headache, hypotension or instability of blood pressure, cardiac rhythm disturbances, anxiety, irritability, dizziness. In patients with vegetative-vascular disorders, chest pains, pre-fainting conditions and fainting, emotional instability, impaired concentration, noise in the head and ears, hyperhidrosis, hyperventilation disorders, panic attacks are also observed.
It should be noted that the nature of the nervous system is very diverse. They are based on violations of the activity and interrelation of neurons, as well as various inflammatory processes that occur in the brain, spinal cord and nerve fibers.
Often, neurological diseases are accompanied by symptoms that signal violations of the human psyche. In this case, the intervention of the therapist is required in the examination and treatment of the patient.