Psychiatry is characterized, above all, by excessive suspiciousness, negative self-hypnosis and a patient's rich imagination. The behavior of a person, changes in his character - all give out the instability of the internal state. Such people are vulnerable, impressionable, sometimes shy. Despite the high demands on themselves, in life they are usually indecisive, lack confidence, often worry and worry about trifles.
The first signs of the disease - this is increasing self-doubt, a sense of hopelessness and hopelessness. Noticeably the general feeling of fear, which is connected, basically, with plans for the future, with any new beginnings and changes.
Externally, psychasthenia can be suspected by the presence of the following symptoms:
- impossibility of making an independent decision;
- the inclination to consult with all and for any reason;
- excessive pedantry in everything;
- constant skepticism.
The patient becomes slow, "slow." His movements can be slowed down.
Speech during psychasthenia is also slowed. The patient speaks with a pause, as if thinking and weighing every word. In addition to monotony, the patient's conversation can be characterized by excessive imagination: speech abounds with all kinds of speculation, fictions, untruthful conclusions.
Cognitive processes during psychasthenia are inhibited. A person feels within himself opportunities, but is afraid to implement them, because he does not see any positive. Often during psychasthenia, the normal perception of the real world is violated and self-perception is absent.
Memory during psychasthenia can worsen, physical and mental fatigue is formed, vegetative manifestations are unstable. Nevertheless, the patient is inclined to remember all the important dialogues and situations for him, which can be touched for a long time in memory, stopping at every detail.
Characteristic features of psychasthenic syndrome:
- man is in agony due to his own thoughts; he tries as carefully as possible to think things over;
- excessive suspiciousness and thoughtfulness often lead to problems in communication, as the patient several times can try to return to any conversation in which, in his opinion, he was misunderstood.
Externally, the psychasthenic gives the impression of a modest, shy and sensitive person, although his conclusions and even deeds may indeed be misunderstood.