The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system, taking its secret for cytological examination - along with the analysis of sperm and seminal fluid - is performed when examining patients with suspected male infertility , as the fluid produced by the prostate is part of the sperm. A prostatic fluid containing proteins, enzymes, lipids, amines, metal ions, plays an important role in protecting sperm by reducing the acidity of the urethra. In this case, sperm liquefies, which increases the mobility of male germ cells (sperm) and increases the likelihood of successful fertilization of the egg.
Also, indications for a laboratory study of prostate secretion include the identification of diseases in which men experience pain in the prostate , pain in the groin and pelvic area, dysuria (pain in urination) and pain during ejaculation. Thus, analysis of prostate secretion helps to diagnose:
- chronic prostatitis;
- prostate adenomas;
- benign prostatic hyperplasia;
- malignant neoplasms (carcinomas).
An additional serological blood test, a bacteriological analysis - a prostate secretion bacanalysis - is necessary in order to confirm or exclude the presence of inflammation or bacterial infection.
That is, a bacteriological study is an analysis of prostate secretion for infections (staphylococci, streptococci, trichomonads, Klebsiella, chlamydia, Escherichia coli, etc.), which allows to determine the causative agents of the inflammatory process.
In addition, with the help of this analysis, the treatment of these diseases is monitored.