Urologist - a doctor specializing in the treatment of diseases of male genital organs and organs of excretion in men and women.
Who is a urologist?
The urologist is taking men with diseases of the reproductive system, as well as women and men with diseases of the discharge organs. First, the urologist examines the waist, abdomen, scrotum. Clinical analysis of blood and urine, bougie, cystoscopy can be assigned. The urologist also prepares the documentation for each patient.
The health of the genitourinary system is very fragile, at least once in life with this doctor everyone is facing. Most often, a frequent, painful urination or a sexual breakdown in men is given to a doctor. Prophylaxis in urology is very important. Men should be examined once a year, women, if there is no pathology - once every 1.5-2 years.
The urologist treats a decrease in potency, inflammation and prostate adenoma, cystitis, pyelonephritis, urinary incontinence. A woman should be alerted when I urinate and swelling. It can be a pyelonephritis or a cystitis.
What tests do I need to take when I contact a urologist?
The urologist may need a general blood test, clinical and biochemical urinalysis, a urinalysis for Nechiporenko to clarify the diagnosis and treatment tactics. The doctor appoints these or other analyzes, leaning against characteristic signs on which it is possible to suspect this or that urological disease. With prostatitis, prostate secretion can be recommended. It allows you to evaluate the function of the prostate. The secretion of the prostate is examined under a microscope, counting the number of leukocytes, lecithin grains and amyloid bodies. The normal secret of the prostate is a homogeneous viscous milk fluid, the number of leukocytes is up to 15 in the field of vision. Amyloid bodies are not normally found.
What diagnostic methods does the urologist use?
Diagnosis, performed qualitatively and in full, determines the cause of the symptoms. Inspection can be carried out while lying and standing. Swelling of the scrotum, swelling, tension of the abdominal muscles. Finger examination of the prostate helps to identify prostatitis, tumors. In male urology, this is the oldest method, still relevant up to now. Hypersensitivity to examination is one of the signs of prostatitis. The urologist visually assesses the skin color, the condition of the genital organs, probes the abdominal wall, palpates the bladder, palpates and illuminates the scrotal tissue. Cystoscopy, cystometry, CT, MRI can be prescribed.
What does the urologist do?
The urologist studies diseases of the genitourinary system, incl. Kidney and bladder he heals not only in men, but also in women, so it is mistaken to consider him only a male doctor. It is more correct to call a male urologist an andrologist. He treats prostatitis, the bladder in men and urolithiasis. The female urologist treats only the kidneys and bladder in women, and the genitals treats the gynecologist. You may be forced to go to the urologist burning with urination, back pain (there are kidneys), male infertility and sexual problems.
What diseases does the urologist cure?
Urologist is engaged in medicamentous and operative treatment of urolithiasis, inflammation of the kidneys and renal pelvis. Cystitis is the most frequent urological disease in women. It is accompanied by urinary incontinence. Also, the urologist treats the pathology of the adrenal glands together with the endocrinologist, male infertility. Burning with urination, blood in the urine and colic in the abdomen and lower back is an occasion to sound an alarm. At the reception the doctor first gets acquainted with the anamnesis, asks about the nature of the complaints, prescribes additional tests, ultrasound and treatment according to the results.
Advices of a urologist
Refuse from smoking and alcohol. Observe the rules of personal hygiene. Cold, vibration and compression are very harmful to the pelvic organs. Do prevent the sexually transmitted diseases. The best way to prevent - a regular sexual partner. Failure to comply with these rules may lead to a decrease in male fertility. This is an alarming trend in recent years.
Do not miss the alarming symptoms of inflammation of the prostate: pain in the lower abdomen, difficulty urinating and problems in intimate life. Address to the urologist, it, probably bacterial or stagnant prostatitis. The doctor prescribes antibiotics, multivitamins and massage. In order not to lose your masculine strength, all you need is to dress warm in the frost and use a condom if there is no permanent woman. To forgive you is not overcome, with sedentary work, you need to warm up regularly. Normalize nutrition and sexual life. Address to the doctor and be engaged in feasible sports. Every year, check with a urologist.
Chronic and acute prostatitis lead without treatment to the development of precancerous state - prostatic adenoma.
As for women, they have urological problems enough. Very often after 35 years, the beautiful half of humanity complains of urinary incontinence. Urine spontaneously excreted during physical exertion, laughter, intimacy. The urologist examines the gynecological chair. To exclude other pathologies, ultrasonography of the kidneys can be prescribed.
The urologist can help you cope with the problems of the genitourinary system, if you contact him in a timely manner, but it is better to take preventive measures and undergo an annual examination.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
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