In the case of an open leg fracture, immediate treatment is required. It is very important to correctly and correctly provide the first medical aid to the victim. First, you should reduce the pain, for which you can use any available analgesic. After this, it is necessary to immobilize the injured leg using a hard long board or stick. To fix a limb it is necessary reliably that during movement of the patient the bone does not move from its place. As a fastener, you need to use a sterile or, in extreme cases, clean material - this is necessary so that the infection does not get into the wound (the area around which it should be treated with a disinfectant). In no case can you set the bone yourself.
When an open wound is always present, bleeding. When it is arterial, the blood becomes bright red and exits the wound, pulsating. In this case, the application of a tight tourniquet over the injured artery is required. In the case of venous bleeding (with no pulsation, and blood having a darker color), simply pulling the leg with a bandage below the wound is sufficient.
Surgical treatment may be needed, for example, with a fracture of the femur with a clear bias. In this case, the damaged bones are fastened by means of nails or special metal plates. When the fracture is open, surgical intervention is performed by the so-called method of Berger - bone fragments are brought together, and then the ligament ligaments, muscles, and also the skin are sewed.
The final stage in the treatment of fracture of the leg is the recovery period. At this stage, the rehabilitation necessary to return the leg mobility is carried out. Also during this period it is important to completely restore all the basic functions of the injured limb. At this time, it is important to perform training exercises that help the development of the foot, and also to massage the injured area.
In the case of puffiness, a special ointment should be used against edema. Also during the rehabilitation period, the patient should take painkillers and use phytotherapy. Effective means are decoctions of needles, a cornflower, and also a dog rose.