Who is an oncologist?
An oncologist is a difficult profession. Malignant tumors develop imperceptibly, are difficult to treat and are characterized by rapid growth, so a doctor needs to be a general practitioner. It is important to note that each oncologist makes an irreplaceable contribution to science, sharing his clinical knowledge, experience and discoveries.
These specialists work in oncological centers of hospitals, specialized oncological institutions, research institutes.
Who is an oncologist? First, a doctor with knowledge of the symptoms, the causes of the onset, the specifics of the development of cancer, owning diagnostic methods and therapeutic and preventive techniques. Secondly, the oncologist is a psychologist who knows how to communicate even with dying patients. The doctor's ability to adjust the patient to recovery largely depends on therapeutic progress and the possibility of healing.
Classification of oncologists depending on possible treatment:
- surgical treatment - excision of the neoplasm;
- drug therapy - the use of pharmacological substances (chemotherapy);
- radiation (radiation therapy);
- interventional intervention - minimally invasive therapy through visual control;
- Pediatric (diagnosis and treatment of children with cancers).
- gynecological (therapy of tumors of female reproductive organs);
When should I go to an oncologist?
The formation of a cancerous tumor at a certain stage is characterized by a specific symptomatology. The list of conditions when it is necessary to address to the oncologist:
- detection of bleeding (impurities of blood in feces and urine, frequent bleeding from the nose, bloody expiration of the sexual sphere);
- a sharp decrease in body weight if nutrition and lifestyle remain the same;
- detection of neoplasm on the skin, transformation or proliferation of an existing birthmark, warts, etc. (change in shape, color, presence of bleeding); •
- a subcutaneous compaction is probed, for example, in the area of the mammary glands;
- growth, inflammation of the lymph nodes;
- chills, feverish condition (continues for a long time, occurs paroxysmally, repeatedly repeated);
- pain syndrome of incomprehensible etiology is revealed;
- headache, coordination disorders, auditory and visual disorders;
- uncommon discharge from the nipples, impurities and inclusions in the stool;
- frequent, causeless disorders of stools;
- loss of appetite, decrease in overall working capacity and health status, nausea without pathology on the part of the digestive tract;
- a feeling of discomfort for a long period of time - pressure in the chest area, fettering / choking in the throat, squeezing feeling in the peritoneum and pelvis.
If the course of treatment due to malignant formation is over, the oncologist will give out a plan for preventive visits and planned inspections. On the control of this specialist there are also patients with cirrhosis of the liver, mastopathy, intestinal polyposis.