The first signs of numbness of the face are expressed in an unpleasant sensation of tingling. On the skin there is a feeling of "crawling creepy." If the affected area of the face is touched by hand, then the loss or weakening of sensitivity becomes noticeable.
This condition can be combined with face swelling, itching, muscle weakness.
The further appearance of symptoms depends on the degree of damage to the nerves or blood vessels.
- Numbness of a part of the face can be observed with neuritis, which often occurs after hypothermia or infectious diseases. In addition to numbness, there may be asymmetry of the face, disappearance of folds on the forehead, widening of the eye gap, lacrimation.
- Numbness of half of the face is often a sign of a stroke - an acute disorder of the cerebral circulation. In stroke, loss of sensitivity is always one-sided, and not only half of the face, but also limbs on the affected side grow numb. In addition to numbness, the patient complains of changes in visual function, difficulty with speech and motor coordination.
- Numbness of the left side of the face is often associated with migraine - paroxysmal headache caused by vascular spasms. Headache with migraine is pronounced, sometimes with nausea and vomiting, dizziness and a sense of pressure in the temples.
- Numbness of the right side of the face and tongue can indicate the development of cervical osteochondrosis, multiple sclerosis or a tumor process with the brain. Often, one side of the face grows dumb in people who abuse nicotine or steroid hormones. Such numbness can be accompanied by pain in the cervical spine, a sensation of "goose bumps" in the cheek area on the right side.
- Numbness of the neck and face is also a frequent sign of cervical osteochondrosis. Additional symptoms may be pressing or compressive pain in the neck, temples, dizziness, decreased visual acuity.
- Headache and numbness of the face can accompany an increase in intracranial pressure. ICP can be suspected if there are other of its signs:
- bifurcation and visual impairment;
- noise in the head;
- swelling on the face;
- weakness, nausea;
- irritability, fatigue;
- the appearance of bags or bruises near the eyes.
- Numbness and swelling of the face can be a consequence of both banal and serious reasons:
- disorders of the heart;
- beriberi, severe diets, eating disorders;
- sleep disorders;
- chronic fatigue;
- plentiful meal before bedtime.
In addition, it is possible to suspect and increase intracranial pressure, which can be confirmed only by a doctor.
- Numbness of the eyes and face is often a consequence of head trauma. In this situation, attention should be paid to other indirect signs of injury:
- bleeding from the nose or ears;
- frustration of consciousness, dizziness;
- blue circles under the eyes;
- convulsions, difficulty breathing.
In case of trauma, you should always consult a doctor to avoid the possibility of serious damage.
- Numbness of the hand and face occurs with acute stroke, or with transient ischemic attacks (micro-strokes), for which violations of limb movements on the one hand, speech and vision disorder, drowsiness, and consciousness disturbances are equally characteristic. In addition, there may be dizziness, nausea, coordination disorder.
- Bilateral numbness of the face most often indicates the defeat of nerves responsible for pain, thermal and tactile sensitivity. In most cases, the trigeminal nerve is either afflicted in the bridge of the brain, or it is suppressed by the tumor processes at the base of the skull. In this case, there is complete numbness, with a loss of response to temperature, pain and tactile stimuli. If only one type of sensitivity is disturbed, then we can only talk about the distal lesion, the possible diseases of the brainstem.
Numbness of face with cervical osteochondrosis
Cervical osteochondrosis is considered one of the most common causes of numbness in the face. The decrease in sensitivity and discomfort in this case is the result of prolonged pressure on the vessels and nerve endings passing near the affected vertebral column.
Numbness of the face with cervical osteochondrosis is usually supplemented by such signs as aching pain in the neck, head, and also a characteristic crunch when trying to move the head. Less often there are dizziness, tinnitus, a feeling of stuffiness in the ear, a deterioration in vision.
The disease is most often found in young and middle-aged people, about 20 to 40 years.
Numbness of face after tooth extraction
When the tooth is removed, the gingival tissue is always damaged, to a greater or lesser extent. Therefore, the occurrence of complications after removal is not uncommon, including loss of sensitivity in a certain part of the face.
Numbness can affect the tongue, lips, cheeks, partially - the area of the lower jaw and neck. Most often this happens after the removal of the teeth of the lower row - the so-called "seven" or "eight". The numbness is connected with the fact that in the immediate vicinity of the listed teeth the fibers of the trigeminal nerve pass, which can be affected at the time of tooth extraction. In this case, the change in sensitivity is usually temporary. Recovery takes place from 2-3 days to a week, sometimes up to six months.
Less often numbness can be the result of local administration of anesthetic. Normally, anesthesia should go away in a few hours. But it also happens that as a result of edema or local disturbance of blood circulation, sensitivity is restored only by 2-3 days.
Numbness of the face with an AVR
Vegetosovascular dystonia is considered a multisymptomatic disease, but among numerous manifestations of VSD, numbness of the face does not happen in all patients. Much more common are signs such as fatigue, sleep disorders, decreased performance, shortness of breath, fainting, unstable stools, a tendency to swelling. Often patients report a decrease in sensitivity in the limbs, especially with prolonged sitting or lying position. At night, there may be seizures, pain in the legs, irregular heart rhythm.
Numbness of the face is not a characteristic sign of vegetative vascular dystonia; however, this symptom can be observed in people with impaired (delayed) circulation, metabolic disorders, low blood pressure, which often happens in the VSD.
Numbness after a trauma to the face
After a trauma to the face or head, numbness may also occur, especially if the injury was accompanied by the following conditions:
- dissection, damage to the integrity of the skin;
- edema, extensive hematoma.
With these conditions, the branch of the trigeminal nerve can be damaged or crushed by swelling or bruising. In the second case, numbness disappears on its own together with a tumor that compresses the tissue.
With mechanical damage to the nerve branch, recovery can take much longer. This can take months, and in some cases, with extensive and deep injuries, numbness of a part of the face remains forever.
Such specialists as neurosurgeon, maxillofacial surgeon, neurologist can help in this matter.
Numbness of face at high pressure
High blood pressure can have a damaging effect on the vascular wall of veins and arteries, as well as directly on the organs - the heart, the kidneys. For this reason, the negative consequences of high blood pressure can be strokes, heart attacks.
Sometimes numbness of the face is one of the first signs of the onset of development of complications of hypertension. Gradually, other symptoms may appear:
- deterioration of limb sensitivity;
- impaired vision;
- clouding of consciousness, deterioration of speech function;
- growing nausea;
- pain in the head (usually sharp, pronounced).
Numbness is more common in stroke. Infarction can be accompanied by a loss of sensitivity of the face only in isolated cases.
Numbness of the face with a neurosis
One of the reasons for partial numbness of a person may be neurosis, severe emotional stress, prolonged depression. Psychological traumas in this case act as peculiar stimuli, which lead to endocrine-humoral disorders and disorders of the autonomic nervous system.
Often numbness occurs at peak times: with fright, a state of psychomotor agitation. Such a temporary loss of sensitivity can be accompanied by a tremor, a state of stupor. Consequences can be various phobias, speech disorders (for example, stuttering), digestion and urinary system disorders.
Numbness in neurosis is usually short-lived and passes on its own after improvement of general condition.
Numbness of the face with genyantritis
Sinusitis is a disease of the maxillary sinuses of the nose caused by the inflammatory process. Usually, sinusitis is manifested by symptoms such as swelling of the nasal mucosa, the appearance of mucopurulent discharge, difficulty in nasal breathing, increased body temperature.
As a complication of sinusitis, inflammation can spread to the branch of the trigeminal nerve, which provokes a partial numbness in the face, forehead, and nostrils. In addition to trigeminal, the facial nerve may also suffer.
To eliminate numbness, you should always contact a doctor-otolaryngologist and take a course of anti-inflammatory treatment. After normalization, the sensitivity of the face is usually restored.
Numbness of the face with multiple sclerosis
Numbness of the body, limbs and face is one of the initial symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Sensitivity is lost dramatically, in a short time, without certain reasons, and at the same time it is not restored for a long time.
In addition to loss of sensitivity, patients pay attention to the general increasing weakness, impaired motor coordination, trembling in the limbs, slurred speech, difficulty in swallowing food.
Any of the listed signs, including numbness of the face, often completely pass after the end of the acute period of multiple sclerosis. However, it is possible that the symptoms will remain forever, and even will gradually increase, regardless of the treatment. The main role in the early recovery of the body is played by the individual characteristics and internal reserves of the patient, as well as the degree of disease damage.
Numbness of the face with polyneuropathy
Numbness in polyneuropathy occurs evenly: if it's hands, then both, if the face is on one side and the other. Simultaneously with numbness the motor ability of muscles weakens.
Numbness, as a sign of polyneuropathy, can occur after a viral infectious disease, after acute intoxication (poisoning). Distinguish diabetic and alcoholic polyneuropathy, which is a consequence, respectively, of diabetes and alcohol abuse.
Numbness of the face with polyneuropathy is less common than loss of sensitivity in the legs (in the ankles). In some cases, simultaneous numbness of the face, limbs, and tongue is observed, depending on the degree and depth of the pathology.
Numbness of face during pregnancy
Numbness of the face in pregnant women is relatively common. This can be due to many reasons, for example:
- exacerbation of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, osteoporosis;
- acute deficiency of vitamins and trace elements (calcium, magnesium, potassium);
- Iron-deficiency anemia;
- hypotension, slowing of blood flow;
- a metabolic disorder;
- a sharp increase in body weight;
- a sharp decrease in motor activity.
To avoid numbness, a woman "in position" should eat right (do not starve or overeat), engage in special physical exercises for pregnant women, regularly take a blood test to determine the level of hemoglobin.