If the reticulum is not a constant symptom and is diagnosed as idiopathic, then it does not require any treatment. Such a reaction can be present for a limited time and pass with age, and can acquire a chronic form. Nevertheless, it does not carry danger to a person, which means that there is no need to treat it.
However, sometimes, if the appearance of the vascular network delivers severe discomfort, the doctor can prescribe the administration of small doses of "Acetylsalicylic acid" and "Pentoxycillin" (400 mg three times a day). Such treatment does not require hospitalization. Assign his therapist or dermatologist.
Treatment of a symptomatic diet is carried out taking into account the pathology, which caused the appearance of a marble pattern on the body.
In most cases, doctors prescribe:
- Vasodilator preparations, mainly peripheral vasodilators, which ensure the normalization of blood flow due to the relaxation of the vascular walls (Pentoxifylline, Vazonit, Pentomer, etc.).
- Drugs that dilute blood ("Aspirin", "Heparin", "Warfarin" and others).
- Preparations of calcium.
- Vitamins or vitamin-mineral complexes containing calcium, vitamins C, E, P, nicotinic acid, improving the condition of blood vessels, reducing their fragility and permeability.
- At elevated pressure, drugs used to combat hypertension can be prescribed.
- When vasculitis is prescribed therapy with glucocorticosteroids ("Prednisolone") and immunosuppressants ("Azathioprine", "Cyclophosphamide"), in some cases, the appointment of cytostatics, as with lymphoma.
- If an inflammatory reaction takes place, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (most often Indomethacin) and antimicrobial agents are prescribed for the removal of inflammation and pain relief, with the appearance of ulcers and a site of tissue necrosis.
- In some cases, if drug therapy does not produce tangible results, chemotherapy, blood purification procedures (hemosorption and plasmapheresis) can be prescribed.
With a net liver, physiotherapeutic treatment gives good results : hirudotherapy, massage, ultraviolet irradiation of the affected area with suberythmic doses (from 1/8 to 7/8 of the usual biological dose), heat exposure (mainly warm baths). Such treatment can be prescribed for both symptomatic and idiopathic livedo.
Surgical treatment with a reticular liverdo is not performed if the pathology is not associated with severe vascular diseases that are not amenable to drug treatment. Otherwise, an operation corresponding to the underlying pathology can be prescribed.
Medicines for reticular livery
Mesh, like other circulatory disorders, primarily require the appointment of drugs that relieve vasospasm and relax the vascular muscle, resulting in normal blood flow and the supply of oxygen to various organs. Such drugs are called vasodilators.
In the case of the reticular lyvedo, the problem most often lies in the peripheral vessels, and so the doctor, in the absence of other disorders, will prescribe medications from the discharge of peripheral vasodilators.
The most popular and inexpensive drug from this group is Pentoxylin. It is prescribed for various violations of the peripheral circulation, including in the reticular liver of various etiologies.
Method of application and dosage. The drug is prescribed in an amount of 2 tablets 3 times a day. The daily dose is 1200 mg. Take the medicine after eating. Tablets are not chewed, but swallowed whole, with enough water.
Contraindications. The drug is not prescribed for hypersensitivity to the drug, severe bleeding and hemorrhages in the eye, hemorrhagic diathesis, ulcerative lesions of the stomach and intestines. You can not use the drug during the acute stage of myocardial infarction.
Side effects. Patients taking the drug may complain of increased blood pressure, tachycardia, heart rhythm disturbances, bleeding, dizziness and headaches, sleep disorders, trembling in the hands, gastrointestinal disorders and stool disorders. Sometimes there are allergic reactions: rash on the skin, itching, flushing of the skin. Some patients complained of increased sweating and body temperature, visual impairment, development of conjunctivitis for no apparent reason.
Precautionary measures. The drug should be taken only as directed by a doctor under the control of blood indicators, because it can cause life-threatening conditions: anaphylactic reactions and aplastic anemia.
To dilute blood in order to improve blood flow in peripheral vessels, the usual "Aspirin" ("Acetylsalicylic acid") is used most often . This drug has anti-inflammatory and antiplatelet effect.
Method of application and dosage. With a reticulated liver, not associated with other pathologies, appoint small doses of the drug (a quarter of the pill once a day in the evening). With heart pathologies, preference is given to the drug "Aspirin cardio". The duration of treatment is established by the attending physician.
Contraindications. Do not apply the drug in the treatment of patients with acute ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, hemorrhagic diathesis, bronchial asthma. At the time of treatment, stop breastfeeding. Do not use the drug from the category of NSAIDs in the first and third semesters of pregnancy, as well as hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Do not prescribe the drug and children with ARI, because they are up to 15 years of age, the risk of dangerous complications is high.
Side effects. Among the side effects of the drug can be identified: irritating effect on the gastrointestinal tract with their consequent symptoms, including the development of ulcerative processes and iron deficiency anemia. In addition, there are dizziness, the appearance of noise in the ears (at low doses is unlikely), bleeding, hives, severe allergic reactions.
An effective and inexpensive preparation for strengthening blood vessels from the category of vitamins is "Ascorutin". The drug contains vitamins C and P useful for blood vessels.
Method of application and dosage. Assign a vitamin preparation of 1 tablet three times a day after meals. Tablets are not chewed, but swallowed whole, washed with water (not mineral, reducing the effectiveness of ascorbic acid, it is also vitamin C).
For the prevention of vascular diseases the drug is taken 2 times a day. Single dose - 1 tablet.
Contraindications. Do not use the drug to treat children under 3 years of age, with high blood coagulability, with hypersensitivity to at least one of the components of the drug.
Side effects. Side effects of the drug are very rare. Sometimes during the reception of "Ascorutinum" symptoms such as insomnia, pain in the head, increased blood pressure, nausea, sometimes reaching vomiting, allergic reactions are noted.
For the treatment of systemic autoimmune vascular diseases, in which the skin of the liverdo vasculitis is shown, glucocorticosteroids (GCS) are shown. One of GKS's favorite doctors is the hormone drug Prednisolone.
Method of application and dosage. The initial dose of the drug is from 20 to 30 mg with the possibility of increasing to 100 mg per day. The maintenance dose ranges from 5 to 15 mg. Two-thirds of the daily dose the patient should take in the morning and third in the evening.
Contraindications. The drug is not prescribed for patients with severe forms of arterial hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis and Ishchenko-Cushing syndrome, with stage 3 circulatory failure, acute endocarditis, inflammatory kidney pathologies. It is forbidden to take the drug if the patient suffers from psychosis, glaucoma, ulcerative gastrointestinal lesions, osteoporosis, syphilis or acute form of tuberculosis. Contraindicated corticosteroids in the postoperative period, as well as in immunodeficient conditions ..
It is undesirable to prescribe GCS during pregnancy and in old age, with severe liver and kidney pathologies with impaired function, and also after vaccination (depending on the vaccine for 2-10 weeks).
Side effects. Since "Prednisolone" is a hormonal drug, it can provoke the development of obesity, increased body hair growth in women, malfunctions in the menstrual cycle, the appearance of acne, deterioration of the bone tissue (fragility), and psychoemotional disorders.
In addition, taking the drug may be accompanied by the formation of erosions and ulcers on the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, with ulcers can provoke perforation of the ulcer. Sometimes the drug becomes a cause of hemorrhagic pancreatitis, dangerous hemorrhage in the gland.
The intake of the drug can help increase blood glucose levels, worsen protective functions of the body, increase blood viscosity
Precautionary measures. The drug is addictive. It should be canceled gradually to avoid such unpleasant consequences as the development of withdrawal syndrome, adrenal insufficiency, exacerbation of the pathology, in connection with which the SCS was appointed.
If the patient has infectious pathologies, the treatment with "Prednisolone" should be carried out in conjunction with antibiotic therapy.
Alternative treatment of reticular lyedo
Treatment of a reticular liver with alternative methods is, first of all, providing heat to the area of the appearance of a vascular network. It can be wrapping or a warm bath.
Alternative treatment of vascular disorders also includes alternative recipes that help reduce blood viscosity and improve blood circulation.
It liquefies blood at the expense of a large content of vitamin C natural fresh orange juice, which should be consumed half a cup a day.
Reduces the viscosity of the blood and improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system germinated wheat. Whole intact wheat grains are washed and poured with water, leaving for several hours. Then the old water is drained and the wheat is sprinkled fresh, so that the grain does not dry out. On top, the seeds are covered with a wet napkin. Within 2 days, the seeds will be poured. You need to eat grain with a germ about 1-1.5 mm for 1 tbsp. In a day. The course of treatment is 1 month.
To strengthen blood vessels, specialists in alternative medicine recommend using honey with lemon or garlic with lean oil and walnuts. Useful is a dish of raisins, dried apricots and prunes, flavored with honey and sprinkled with nuts.
To strengthen the vessels it is useful to eat legumes, eggplants, citrus fruits, rich in vitamins C and R, black currants, and, of course, onions and garlic ..
With increased pressure, honey and lemon are also useful. To this composition can be added kalina or mineral water. You can also prepare a mixture that is insisted for 4 hours before consumption: honey, lemon pulp, carrot and beet juices taken in different amounts, grated horseradish root. To use drugs from pressure is tiresome for 1 tbsp. Several times a day.
With vasculitis, a good effect is provided by herbal treatment. The medical fees include yarrow (grass), nettle (leaves), sporish (grass), elderberry (flowers), Japanese souphora (fruits). Useful in terms of treatment of vasculitis will be: calendula (flowers), string (grass), licorice (root) and other medicinal plants.
To the treatment of reticular lyvedo and various vascular pathologies with the help of homeopathy, doctors are advised to treat with a certain degree of caution. Especially when it comes to reducing the viscosity of the blood.
There are many effective and safe alternative recipes for blood thinning, which have a less pronounced effect than homeopathic drugs. Remember that when idiopathic livedo doctors recommend small doses of "Aspirin", which will not cause hemorrhages from the vessels.
And in order to combat high blood pressure, homeopathy is quite applicable. Useful are the salts of barium (preparations Barite Carbonate, Barita Moireiatika in 3 and 6 dilutions) and salt of gold. In addition, Sekale and Adrenaline in 6 and 12 dilutions, Acidum phosphoricum and Nuks vomica in 3 and 6 dilutions, Veratrum virida in 3X potency and others affecting peripheral vessels and blood flow in them are used.
But the following homeopathic remedies have a positive effect on the vessel walls: Arnica (potency 3X), Potassium phosphoricum in 6 dilutions and again Nux vomica in 3 or 6 dilutions.
The prescription of the above drugs should only be handled by a professional homeopathic physician after setting the actual diagnosis, otherwise the treatment may be ineffective, and in some cases, also cause a cut in the patient's health.