Anyone can become a kleptomaniac, regardless of social status or financial situation. Symptoms of kleptomania are manifested in stages, consider them:
- An uncontrolled impulse to steal something that does not represent any benefit or value. Against this background, there is resistance to obsession
- The feeling of tension increases, like the anticipation of adrenaline before the theft.
- After the perfect deed there is a feeling of relief and satisfaction. Gradually appear self-incriminating thoughts, feelings of guilt and shame for what was done.
- Episodes arise without planning, that is, spontaneously. This can happen in a public place or away. The patient has no signs of schizophrenia.
- Kleptomanus commits theft himself. Stolen items can be returned to the site or discarded because of uselessness.
The process of theft is accompanied by a strong psycho-emotional burden on the body. There is a sense of moral satisfaction and buzz. The patient can commit theft permanently or observe certain time intervals. The degree of duration of theft depends on the level of development, that is, the neglect of the disease. A pathological condition can arise because of temporary life situations. For example, during menstruation or pregnancy. That is, because of the worsening perception of the world around us.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder has certain symptoms. The first signs of a pathological condition depend on the patient's age and the cause of the disorder. Consider the symptomatology of kleptomania:
- Spontaneous occurrence of episodes of the disease. Attacks occur in the most unexpected moments and in the most inappropriate places.
- The desire to steal is so strong that it is impossible for him to resist.
- Theft is accompanied by tension, which is quickly replaced by satisfaction and a sense of guilt.
Stolen items can be returned or discarded, thefts do not have the nature of revenge.
Kleptomania in children
As a rule, kleptomania in children develops on the background of psychological distress, which is significantly burdened by inability to keep under control their desires. Consider the main symptoms of the disease in childhood:
- In the life of the baby there is something that badly affects his emotions.
- During the theft the child is tense and experiencing euphoria at the same time.
- Young kleptomaniacs commit theft themselves without devoting friends or relatives to their actions.
- Theft can be a method of expressing anger or anger.
- The child really realizes the perfect, that is, there are no indistinct explanations for the misconduct.
- The disease can grow because of an inferiority complex.
- A kleptomaniac can feel unnecessary or deprived, therefore he tries to have as many things as possible at his disposal.
Even if a child tries to hide his pathological predilection, the presence of kleptomania does not go unnoticed by others. Parents should closely monitor any changes in the behavior of the child and at the first symptoms of the disease contact a child psychologist. The following signs indicate the development of pathology:
- The appearance in the house of other people's things or money.
- The loss of valuable items.
- The small loss of money in the purse of parents.
- Oppressed and closed.
- Refusal to communicate with peers.
- Increased irritability, aggressiveness.
- Sharp mood swings.
- Insomnia and sleeping problems.
- Changes in appetite.
Despite the fact that the child is aware that stealing the property of others is bad, he can not resist uncontrollable impulses. As a rule, children try to find a logical explanation for their actions. Theft may be prompted by a desire to try something new or unusual.
The treatment of pediatric kleptomania is aimed at eliminating the factors that triggered the onset of addiction. As a rule, this is the creation of a favorable climate in the family and the provision of comfortable conditions for the child in the children's team. The treatment is conducted by a psychologist, while in therapy not only children but also parents need it. In especially severe cases, psychotherapy in combination with hypnosis sessions can be prescribed.
In most cases, pharmacological agents for the treatment of children are not used. But if a serious mental disorder or organic disease is detected, then the medication is indicated. These can be antidepressants or drugs that improve cerebral circulation and brain activity, soothe and improve sleep. Particular attention is paid to the prevention of the disorder. Parents need to be interested in the lives of children and take an active part in it.
Kleptomania in adolescents
Cases of kleptomania in adolescents occur more often than in children. As a rule, pathology develops at an early age. The patient is mentally unbalanced, but has no criminal thoughts. In this disease, girls are more likely than boys.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder in adolescents has the same causes as in adults. That is, it is associated with biochemical disorders in the brain, suffered from emotional upheavals or other mental illnesses.
Consider the most common factors of kleptomania in adolescence:
- Deficiency of parents' attention - insufficient emotional contact or lack of it leads to the formation of a violation. The child tries to compensate for the lack of emotional response through unconscious craving for theft. At the same time the patient does not realize his actions and does not understand why he committed the theft. This factor is typical for children from wealthy families.
- An unsuccessful family - growing up in a pathological environment postpones a negative imprint on the child's psyche. Constant quarrels and scandals lead to the fact that the teenager unconsciously tries to neutralize the conflict atmosphere. This allows for a while to divert the attention of parents from quarrels and switch to the misdeeds of their offspring.
- Self-affirmation among peers - attempts to find their place in the children's team, one of the frequent causes of the disorder. Through antisocial behavior the child gains authority from peers and tries to establish strong social contacts. This is observed in children who consider themselves a "white crow" in the team, too hesitant or shy.
- The need to show their "adulthood" - adolescents can commit theft because of the desire to prove their adulthood and peculiar coolness. The desire to steal may be the only option to communicate with other adolescents and be accepted into the collective.
In addition to the above reasons, identify certain factors that increase the risk of the development of the disorder: oligophrenia, endocrinological spectrum diseases, organic lesions of the central nervous system and brain. The risk of developing kleptomania exists in individuals with anxious or choleric temperaments.
Another possible cause of mental disorder is the lack of moral principles and moral principles. In this case, the adolescent does not have a cliche that theft is a crime that involves punishment. The child believes that he does not steal, but simply takes other people's things. At the same time, the process of embezzlement gives pleasure and pacification, causes dependence on the emotional experiences received.
Parents should not turn a blind eye to frustration, as the pathological addiction will not disappear by itself. For treatment it is necessary to address to the psychologist who will help to overcome a pernicious inclination.