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Health

Kidney Pain in Pregnancy

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 24.06.2018
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Pain in the kidney during pregnancy can be accompanied by symptoms such as soreness with urination, swelling, increased blood pressure, pain in the lower back, side pain, lower abdomen, pain during palpation, temperature reaction, nausea, vomiting. To diagnose the disease, urinalysis, biochemical and immunological analysis of the blood, chromocystoscopy, ultrasound, indigo-carmine test are performed, with an increase in pressure, an electrocardiogram is made.

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What causes kidney pain in pregnancy?

Pyelonephritis

Pain in the kidneys during pregnancy can signal the development of such a serious pathology as pyelonephritis - inflammation of the kidneys. Affect the development of this disease may increase in size of the uterus. It compresses the ureters, as a result of which it is difficult to pass urine. Hormonal reorganization of the body during pregnancy can also cause a negative effect on the functioning of the ureters, resulting in the formation of stagnation of urine. The risk of pyelonephritis also exists for women who have already had pyelonephritis or cystitis in the past. The development of pyelonephritis is a threat to pregnancy, can also cause toxicosis and anemia. In the acute stage of the disease, there is an increase in body temperature, a rapid pulse, pain in the lumbar spine, as well as in the emptying of the bladder. To establish an accurate diagnosis, pregnant women need to donate blood and urine, make ultrasound of the kidneys. Treatment of pyelonephritis consists of washing the kidneys, which consists in consuming a large amount of fluid, also includes antibiotic therapy. In case of complications of the disease, intravenous injections are administered. With pyelonephritis, it is possible to prescribe antispasmodics, uroantiseptics and acupuncture treatment.

Glomerulonephritis

Such a disease as glomerulonephritis is relatively infrequent and bacterial in nature. For example, after the transferred infectious disease under the influence of streptococcus A, an allergic reaction of the organism with kidney damage can develop. An acute form of the disease can develop as a result of hypothermia, stress, gestosis. Urine is formed in small amounts, its color changes, pain occurs when urinating. Pain can spread to the lumbar region, causing a pulling or aching sensation. The swelling of the face in the mornings and the raised level of arterial pressure also can accompany a disease such as glomerulonephritis. Common symptoms include weakness, worsening or loss of appetite, headache, low temperature, etc. With the chronic form of the disease, the symptoms usually show only general symptoms: weakness, dizziness, etc., which significantly complicates the diagnosis. Regular delivery of urinalysis during pregnancy is extremely important both for the detection of glomerulonephritis and for other pathological conditions.

Urolithiasis disease

The factors of the disease include metabolic disorders of calcium and phosphorus, as well as urinary and ethanedioic acids, the influence of infectious agents. If you get into the body of an infection, the risk of developing stones, which subsequently damage the urinary tract, increases. Urolithiasis can become a complication in chronic pyelonephritis, as well as pyelonephritis can join the formation of kidney stones. Pain in the kidneys with urolithiasis is accompanied by the escape of stones and the presence of blood in the urine. The pain concentrates in the area of the ribs in the lumbar region, can give into the groin, genitals, lower limbs, epigastric region, is blunt. When treating the disease, pregnant women are shown a special diet, which is prescribed depending on the type of disturbance. When urate diathesis can not eat meat, it is recommended that plant and milk foods, except beans, nuts, black chocolate and tea should also be discarded. When phosphate diathesis should be excluded from the diet of eggs, dairy products, potatoes, legumes, green vegetables. You can consume meat, cereals, fruits, liver, fish oil, etc. The fluid intake should be moderate. When oxalate diathesis is prohibited, dairy products, eggs, beans, nuts, sorrel, tea, fatty foods, potatoes, tomatoes, etc. Drink should also be limited. To remove the acute pain syndrome with urolithiasis use antispasmodics and analgesic drugs. Pregnant women should not take hot baths and use warmers.

What if you have kidney problems during pregnancy?

In the treatment of kidney diseases, pregnant women can use phytopreparations. In the treatment of kidney pain during pregnancy, the drug cannabine is permitted. He is prescribed two pills or fifty drops three times a day. If necessary, the therapy is carried out by courses. The duration of taking the drug depends on the clinical picture of the disease and is determined individually by the attending physician. Indications for use are chronic pyelonephritis or glomerulonephritis, interstitial nephritis, prevention of urolithiasis, including after removal of stones. With urolithiasis, pregnant women are prescribed a therapeutic diet. In order to prevent kidney diseases during pregnancy, it is recommended to drink broth of dogrose, cranberry mors, exclude from the diet acute, fatty and fried, salted, smoked, legumes, white bread. The daily rate of fluid intake should be approximately two liters. When there is a urge to empty the bladder, you should immediately go to the toilet, keeping urine during pregnancy is extremely harmful. Underwear should be used only from natural fabrics, and it should not be tight. During pregnancy, refuse to take a bath, replacing this procedure with a shower. Physical exercises also have a positive effect for the prevention of kidney diseases. For example, pregnant women are useful every day for several minutes to stand on all fours, of course, if for this there are no contraindications from the doctor. During the exercise, the pregnant belly is directed downward and, accordingly, the uterus does not compress the renal canals. One should not forget that one of the main rules of any pregnant woman is the timely registration and regular visits to the gynecologist. And if a symptom such as kidney pain occurs during pregnancy or any other complaints, a doctor should visit the doctor immediately.

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