These smallest cellular parasites can in no way manifest their presence in the human body for a very long time, estimated in tens of years. Moreover, in an infected cell, the virus can be in different forms: extrachromosomal (episomal) and embedded in the DNA of the cell (intrasomal). The first option is considered more favorable.
HPV type 52 belongs to the group of viruses that prefer the skin and mucous membranes of the genital organs. The first clinical signs of its presence are genital warts (small sharp growths on the epithelium). They usually appear on the mucous membranes or skin of the genital organs, less often - in the anus, and very rarely - in the oral cavity. At first, these are single small formations, and later, without treatment, they merge. In appearance, these growths are similar to cauliflower florets.
HPV 52 is more commonly found in women under the age of 35 years. And in 80% of cases it is detected in the absence of any symptoms.
Condylomas, if present, are detected on examination of the labia, the clitoris, the walls of the vagina and the cervix. Cervical erosion is also a reason for screening for HPV.
Sometimes condylomas can be detected visually or by touch by a woman herself in accessible places when performing hygienic procedures.
The most common and dangerous consequence of infection with this type of papillomavirus is cervical cancer.
HPV 52 during pregnancy has the same symptoms as non-pregnant women. Most often detected during the examination. Asymptomatic presence in the body of the virus should be observed, but not treated. In a pregnant woman, genital warts can also be found, with their small sizes they do not carry out any treatment during the period of gestation. Major condylomas in the birth canal are usually indications for delivery by caesarean section.
HPV 52 in men can manifest as an increase in genital warts on the penis. The most serious consequences of parasitizing the virus are malignant neoplasms of the skin of the penis and, possibly, of the prostate gland. Infection of males occurs with the same frequency as the female. But, due to the anatomical features of the structure, the male urethra does not have an area of abnormal epithelial changes, therefore the overwhelming majority of men do not manifest infection in themselves, and the virus often self-eliminates.
In individuals of both sexes, condylomas may be located in the anus, urethra, rectum, oral cavity. Condylomas on the mucous membrane of the urethra can manifest themselves as urinating disorders, in the rectum - by difficulty in emptying the bowels, by the appearance of traces of blood during defecation.
The presence of HPV type 52 increases the risk of developing cancer of the rectum and larynx.