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How to increase blood pressure?

Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 24.06.2018

Answering the question of how to raise blood pressure, it should be recalled that hypotension can be caused by many factors: stress or general neurosis, weather change, low hemoglobin level in the blood or vitamin deficiency.

Low blood pressure can also be a consequence of cardiovascular or renal failure, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine and even stomach ulcers. So it would not hurt to find out why your blood pressure is below your normal blood count.

How to increase the pressure at home?

How to increase pressure in the home, that is, to raise the tone of blood vessels without the help of medications? And can this be done? It is possible, but, of course, not always.

It happens that the pressure decreases sharply - it practically falls. In such cases, how to increase the pressure quickly? To drink a cup of hot coffee naturally, for a strong sweet coffee from low pressure is the right tool. Do not like coffee - brew a cup of camellia Chinese, that is, tea, which also has caffeine. Only drink slowly and in small sips. You can also eat something salty - to increase the content of sodium ions in the blood plasma and body tissues.

Which products increase the pressure?

Information on what products increase pressure, in principle, is enough, but some information is controversial and need clarification.

So, nutritionists refer to key food products that promote blood pressure increase: meat and fatty fish; fats of animal origin, including rich broths and soups based on them; starch products (potatoes, rice, oatmeal, corn); flour products; all types of legumes; spicy seasonings (mustard, horseradish) and various pickles and smoked products. Among dairy products, the most useful for hypotension is hard cheeses.

It is known for certain that salt increases the pressure, as it increases the concentration of sodium ions in the blood plasma and raises the level of osmotic pressure, pH and volume of intra- and extracellular fluid. Also, sugar increases the pressure, like all carbohydrates, which are easily absorbed by the body.

Which products increase the pressure? From vegetables - carrots, white cabbage, sorrel; from fruits - apples, quince, pears. But the beet and banana were included in the list of products that lower the level of blood pressure. And they are on this list next to Brussels sprouts, broccoli, radish, red sweet pepper, spinach, celery, garlic, parsley.

Probably, it is necessary to name also the berries raising pressure. Such, unfortunately, almost none. Judge for yourself: for example, rowan raises or lowers the pressure? Despite the rich content of vitamin P useful for blood vessels, the pressure of mountain ash does not increase. Is raspberries increasing or lowering the pressure? And raspberry blood pressure does not increase. Does black currant raise or lower blood pressure? The champion in the content of potassium (372 mg per 100 g of berries), alas, lowers blood pressure and therefore for hypotension does not fit. Also, it is erroneous to say that blackberry or black mountain ash increases blood pressure, cranberries raise blood pressure, blueberries increase blood pressure or very useful for the gastrointestinal tract of the sea-buckthorn increases blood pressure.

And, finally, indispensable for colds of viburnum - raises or lowers the pressure? Imagine, this berry significantly reduces the index of blood pressure, and it is recommended to use it only for hypertension - together with honey. By the way, about honey ...

The use of honey to increase pressure

Doctors say that honey reduces high blood pressure, some alternative doctors of the same opinion. But, alas, neither those nor the others explain the essence of biochemical reactions that contribute to the hypotensive effect when using honey. A beekeepers unanimously consider honey a universal antioxidant with adaptogenic qualities.

To answer the question of whether honey pressure increases, it should be recalled that microelements and biologically active substances contained in bee honey help with anemia and asthenic syndrome, significantly improve overall metabolism and increase immunity. And among the enzymes with which this unique product is rich, it is enough to mention only catalase, an antioxidant that destroys the toxic products of peroxidation for the body.

Yes, you still need to keep in mind which vitamins increase the pressure. Vitamin C, E and P, as well as B vitamins such as B1, B3, B5, B6 and B12 exert a tonic effect on the vessels. And honey has provitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B6, B9, C and E. And now try to say that honey can not be useful at low pressure!

Myths about which products increase the pressure

Italian physicians conducted an experiment in which they managed to establish the groundlessness of the generally accepted opinion that cocoa increases the pressure, in particular, that black chocolate raises the pressure. In 2005, The Journal of Nutrition appeared in the article "Cocoa lowers blood pressure and insulin resistance and improves endothelium dependent vasodilation in hypertensive patients," which reported that daily consumption of 100 g of bitter dark chocolate for 15 consecutive days reduced the elevated blood pressure in one and a half dozen hypertensive patients.

Dark chocolate with a high content of cocoa is one of the richest sources of polyphenol-antioxidant flavanol, gallic acid, as well as flavonoid epicatechin, which are believed to have cardioprotective properties. In addition, in 100 g of dark unsweetened chocolate contains 559 mg of potassium and 146 mg of magnesium (necessary for the functioning of the cardiovascular system) and only 43 mg of caffeine. So, from the correct answer to the question, chocolate raises or lowers the pressure, we are separated only by a more large-scale clinical study of chocolate therapy.

Despite the popularity of this product, its properties also never cease to be studied. Obviously, they want to finally find out if the eggs raise the pressure? Chinese researchers of the molecular genetic factors of the onset of hypertension have found that the peptide enzyme Arg-Val-Pro-Ser-Leu (RVPSL), located in the egg protein, regulates the expression of the genes responsible for the vascular tone and the water-salt metabolism of the enzyme renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blood and has an antihypertensive effect.

The experiment demonstrated the ability of said egg peptide at the level of cellular DNA to lower the level of the proteolytic enzyme renin, which increases the tone of blood vessels and blood pressure. Renin is synthesized by the kidneys and with its participation a physiologically active peptide (angiotensin II) is formed, narrowing blood vessels. That is, to date, the answer to the question - do the eggs raise the pressure? - negative. Although many believe that egg yolks increase blood pressure ...

While using walnuts recommend a patient with high blood pressure, the information published by some sources that nuts increase the pressure does not correspond to reality. And it was proved in one of the American university research centers.

But peanuts increase the pressure - it's true, and all because it's not a nut, but a bean plant that contains vitamins C and E, as well as B1, B2, B4, B5, B6 and folic acid. Also in peanuts there is a microelement necessary for the cardiovascular system, like selenium.

You must have read somewhere that the seeds raise the pressure. However, among the usefulness of pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds, rich in vitamins, and various trace elements, this property is not noted, although the phrase that they "normalize blood pressure" comes across quite often. Obviously, we are talking about the normalization of elevated blood pressure, since 100 g of pumpkin seeds contain more than 900 mg of potassium, and 100 g of non-roasted sunflower seeds cover more than the daily norm of the antioxidant tocopherol (vitamin E).

Spices that increase pressure

Increased blood pressure and contribute to some spices (spicy plants). So, rosemary raises pressure, so that with vegetovascular syndrome, you can safely put this spice in the dish. Do not forget about horseradish, bitter red pepper and turmeric: they also come in spices that increase blood pressure.

Does chicory lower or increase blood pressure? Chicory dilates blood vessels and reduces blood pressure. I wonder how the clove increases the pressure? We are also curious, because tea with cloves invigorates and tones, but acts as an antimicrobial, analgesic, diaphoretic and diuretic.

Some sources categorically state that the cinnamon increases the pressure, and advise to use it with honey. Others report that this spice (a teaspoon of 200 ml of curdled milk or kefir) will help to cope with high blood pressure. We fully admit that one of these statements corresponds to reality - to know only which one.

Drinks that increase pressure

With reduced blood pressure, it is necessary to drink a sufficient amount of liquid. It can be not only beverages that increase the pressure - natural coffee and tea, but plain water or some compote.

Remember, at the beginning of the notes was the advice to drink a cup of hot natural coffee? And now let us explain why coffee increases blood pressure. This is due to the alkaloid 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, known to us as caffeine. Caffeine and other methylxanthines reduce the activity of adenosine. This purine nucleoside is present in all cells of our body and "conducts" certain physiological processes, including monitoring the expansion of the lumens of blood vessels. Caffeine also has a stimulating effect on the medulla and adrenal cortex, which begin to produce more adrenaline and cortisol - the hormones that play a major role in increasing blood pressure.

Doubts about whether tea increases or lowers blood pressure, removes the presence of the same methylxanthine alkaloids, including caffeine, in the tea leaf. Which tea increases the pressure? Both black and green. Moreover, green tea raises the pressure even better than black, since it contains more polyphenols and caffeine.

Have you heard that milk raises pressure or kefir increases blood pressure? No, they do not, because they contain calcium.

Kvass increases the pressure due to lactic acid fermentation, and Coca Cola increases the pressure, like all carbonated drinks that contain sugar. Energetics increase blood pressure, but cardiologists warn that consuming any energy drinks (containing high doses of caffeine) leads to serious cardiac arrhythmias with a risk of cardiac arrest.

Juices that increase pressure: grape and grapefruit. But orange, apple, plum, tomato, cranberry and birch juices help reduce blood pressure. The popular opinion, as if freshly squeezed pomegranate juice increases the pressure, is mistaken. This juice increases the level of hemoglobin and the acidity of the gastric juice, and it reduces the pressure.

Alcohol: increases or lowers blood pressure?

Those who have low blood pressure, want to know for certain: which alcohol increases the pressure? Or even more specifically: brandy raises or lowers the pressure, and wine raises or lowers the pressure? Well, the questions are correct, and you should answer in order.

Alcohol can both lower and increase blood pressure - depending on the phase of its effects on the blood vessels and the body as a whole. First, alcohol, in particular, vodka or cognac, lowers the pressure, expanding the vessels by relaxing their walls. But this effect at the stage of ethanol resorption is short-lived, followed by the acceleration of intracardiac blood flow and tachycardia, in which the work of the heart ventricles pushing blood into the bloodstream is disrupted. Since the blood pressure level directly depends on the volume of this blood, it decreases. That is, the question of whether cognac increases the pressure, it should be a clear answer: cognac lowers blood pressure.

However, the next stage then comes, and vodka raises pressure by injecting blood vessels (including cerebral vessels) into spasm. Getting into the blood, alcohol disrupts the work of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system of the body (about it it was written above - see the section Myths about what products increase the pressure): the level of renin increases, which increases the tone of blood vessels, and the blood pressure increases sharply. At the same time, the vasomotor nerves responsive to the excessive effect of renin are partially removed from the working state, and dehydration of the organism occurs as a result of disturbances in water-salt metabolism. I understood vodka and cognac.

Does wine increase blood pressure? Yes, grape red wine increases the pressure due to the presence of tannins, resveratrol, procyanides, polyphenols, iron and calcium in its composition. But this applies only to table sweet wines. A sour (dry) wine pressure lowers.

Champagne raises the pressure (180-200 ml), and also beer raises the pressure (250-300 ml) - but only in doses not exceeding the values indicated in parentheses.

Tinctures that increase pressure

It must be, tincture, increasing pressure, known to all. These are alcohol tinctures (extracts) of plants of the Araliev family - ginseng, eleutherococcus, Chinese magnolia vine, Manchu aralia, rhodiola rosea, levsea safflower (maral root). The biochemical mechanism of influence of these adaptogens on the body is based on increasing its resistance to adverse effects due to biologically active substances - polymethoxyphenolic compounds. The principle of their "work" is to block the enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase, which destroys the mediators of the sympathetic nervous system - norepinephrine and adrenaline.

Extract eleutherococcus - drops, increasing pressure - it is recommended to take 25 drops three times a day, half an hour before meals. Tincture of the root of ginseng, as well as tincture of magnolia vine of Chinese are taken monthly courses (with a two-week break); The standard dose - 15-20 drops - no more than three times during the day, also before meals. Leuzea tincture should be taken no later than 3 hours before bedtime; the recommended dosage is 20-25 drops twice a day (during meals).

Hormones that raise blood pressure

Adrenaline, prednisolone and dexamethasone are hormones that increase blood pressure.

Adrenaline increases the pressure, and this is its side effect, although adrenaline is used not only as an antiallergic agent, but also as hypertensive and vasoconstricting - with cardiac arrest, bleeding, anaphylactic shock and allergic reactions, including laryngeal edema and bronchial asthma attacks. Contraindicated in adrenaline with arterial hypertension, severe atherosclerosis, aneurysm, thyrotoxicosis, diabetes and pregnancy. The dosage is determined by the doctor, the drug is administered intramuscularly or intravenously.

Synthetic glucocorticoid drug Prednisolone raises pressure. It is produced in tablets and in the form of an injection solution. The drug is administered orally in case of various allergic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, acute adrenocortical insufficiency, agranulocytosis, leukemia, etc. Injections of this drug are done in all kinds of shock conditions, hepatic and diabetic coma, edema of the brain, etc. The dose is set individually. Prednisolone has a lot of side effects, including obesity, osteoporosis, hemorrhagic pancreatitis, increased blood sugar, decreased immunity, and mental disorders.

The hormonal drug Dexamethasone raises pressure, relieves the symptoms of allergy and inflammation. It is used for a sharp fall in blood pressure, trauma, burns, blood loss and shock conditions, as well as myocardial infarction, vascular collapse, meningitis, peritonitis, sepsis, etc.

How to increase blood pressure: blitz-answers to questions

Does smoking increase pressure or lower?

Do you ask if the pressure of the cigarette is increasing? Yes, smoking increases the pressure, because the nicotine contained in tobacco leads to a reduction in blood vessels. But this increase in blood pressure is short-lived, although it is enhanced by the simultaneous release of adrenaline into the blood.

Tell me the essential oils that increase the pressure

In aromatherapy, essential oils that increase pressure include peppermint, lemon balm, sage, thyme (thyme), verbena, eucalyptus, fir and juniper. To take a bath with essential oil, five drops are enough to mix with a teaspoon of natural honey, and dissolve in water. Baths with essential oils can not be taken for more than 10-15 minutes.

Does the bath raise or lower the pressure? Is it possible to steam in a bath under reduced pressure?

It is believed that bath procedures have a positive effect on the tone of the vessels and thus stabilize blood pressure. However, at low pressure, the bath increases it. The main thing is to know the measure and control your health, which after the steam room can get worse. In particular, general weakness and dizziness are possible. Advice for those who are going to join the bath: start with short pair procedures and as the "training" of vessels increase their duration to the maximum comfortable.

The question interests: the sex raises or lowers pressure?

Of course, sex raises blood pressure, which is associated with certain physical exertion, and, of course, with the activation of the hormonal system.

Is there a stone that increases pressure?

Lithotherapists say that the main stone, which increases pressure, is blue chalcedony. With severe headaches, it is advised to wear earrings with charoite or serpentine. And with frequent ailments associated with changing weather, it is useful to wear a pendant with onyx or chrysoprase.

Perhaps, we did not answer all the questions with exhaustive answers ... Reduced blood pressure is a common pathology, and for some people of asthenic type, the lowered blood pressure is even the norm. In any case, the body requires care: normal and regular nutrition, adequate rest, not exhausting physical exertion, complete rejection of bad habits. In principle, all this is for everyone. We hope that now you have an idea how to raise blood pressure to improve your health.

It is important to know!

At the present time several classifications of hypotonic states have been proposed. The first classification was made at the XXth International Congress in Montpellier (France) in 1926, according to which primary and secondary arterial hypotension was identified. The most practical application was found in the NS classification. Molchanov (1962). The advantage of this classification is the isolation of the concept of physiological hypotension. Read more..

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