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Hand bone crack

 
Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 01.04.2019
 

Currently in traumatology, the importance of such pathology as the crack of the bone of the hand is growing. Most often, this pathology is diagnosed in the course of X-ray examination, and requires quite a long treatment and further rehabilitation. If you strictly follow the scheme of treatment and rehabilitation, follow all the recommendations of the doctor, in the further functioning of the hand can be restored to the full.

Epidemiology

According to statistics, hand bone cracks are most often found in people over 50 years of age, because they develop natural age-related changes, in which the natural properties of bone tissue are disturbed. Dystrophic and age-related changes in inert tissue account for approximately 25% of all cracks. Approximately 52% of fractures and cracks in the bones of the hands occur in connection with various traumatic situations. It can be both mass disasters, and various domestic situations in which the bone is subjected to impact, pressure, compression. Approximately 14% of fractures occur in childhood, because children have a fairly high level of activity, they almost never sit still, move a lot. They play, run, fall into different situations. Otherwise, there may be various causes and predisposing factors, in particular, practicing extreme sports, incorrect movements, improper exercise, improper training.

Causes of the cracked arm bone

There are a number of reasons why a bone can crack. And first of all, it relates to various traumatic situations. For example, a crack can be obtained with a strong push, pressure, compression, impact. It can be both in everyday life, everyday life, and in the course of professional activity. Especially if this activity is related to physical activity. Often cracks occur in professional athletes who perform physical exercises incorrectly, incorrectly calculate the strength and intensity of the load.

A characteristic feature is the fact that optimal conditions often occur in connection with mass incidents, accidents, during disasters (natural, man-made). Often fractures and cracks occur during accidents, cataclysms, floods, snowstorms, hurricanes, fires, building collapses, earthquakes. Often cracks get in the ski resorts, when practicing extreme sports, travel.

Risk factors

The main risk factor is a person's being in such conditions, in which any definite physical force, a mechanical factor of a damaging nature, can affect his body. Of course, the zone of hostilities, local conflicts, zones in which there is an increased risk of developing catastrophes, emergency situations.

Also, an additional risk factor is osteoporosis, in which the structural state of the bones is disturbed, and osteocytes (bone cells) lose their basic properties, such as elasticity and firmness.

As a result, the bones become brittle, fragile, respectively, the risk of developing a bone fracture sharply increases. It also includes degenerative processes that affect bone tissue, cancer and bone tuberculosis, age-related changes in bone tissue, degeneration, in which bones become more fragile, with the result that they can break even with minor effects. Also risk factors are disorders of metabolic processes, in particular, a violation of calcium-phosphorus metabolism in bone tissue. This may be a violation of regulatory, at least - hormonal processes. The risk increases with malnutrition, lack of vitamin, mineral components.

Pathogenesis

The basis of the pathogenesis is a direct violation of the anatomical and morphological integrity of the bone. This may cause displacement of the bone, sometimes fragments are formed. Fracture can be in one place or in several. Fragments can form, which increases the risk of damage to soft tissues, blood vessels, and nerve fibers. Bone fractures are often accompanied by bruises, hematomas, sprains or tears of the surrounding muscle tissue, violation of the integrity of the skin. Accordingly, it does not allow the use of the affected limb, and also creates pain. In some cases, pathological mobility may form at the fracture site.

Symptoms of the cracked arm bone

The main symptoms of a crack are the sensation of breaking the integrity of the bone when probing, the wrong position of the bone, displacement, fragmentation. The curvature of a limb or a change in its shape may also act as obvious signs of a crack. Perhaps a massive hemorrhage in violation of the integrity of the skin. Hematomas are also often formed under the skin, if the integrity of the skin is not impaired. Usually large hematomas under the skin are formed due to soft tissue damage.

Cracks are accompanied by pain (as a rule, the pain is acute, it occurs immediately at the moment when the crack itself occurred). But there are cases when a person does not feel that the bone has cracked, and only with time does the aching pain develop, which constantly worries the person. Usually they are not relieved with anesthetics. Also, a person often cannot move an injured limb, cannot move it. This is the main difference between fractures and cracks from other injuries that do not affect the bone. Thus, when a bone is damaged, a person cannot move a limb, whereas if any other parts of the body and tissues are damaged, a person can move the limb, even if this is accompanied by pain and unpleasant sensations. In some cases, on the contrary, it develops, irregular (excessive mobility of the limb).

Usually the first sign of a crack is sharp pain. Often it is accompanied by a crunch, the inability to carry out the movement. Otherwise, the first signs are determined by what kind of crack develops. With the open form, the integrity of the skin is disturbed, a fragment of bone sticks out of the wound, and bleeding is possible. Edema develops. In the closed form of the fracture, the integrity of the blood vessels and nerves can be broken. The surface of the skin becomes cold, pale, blue, numb. Fracture can sometimes be accompanied by such signs as pallor, perspiration, dizziness, thirst, which indicates the development of shock.

Does the arm swell with bone fracture?

It is impossible to unequivocally answer the question whether the hand swells up if the bone is cracked. It depends on many factors, including the type of fracture. In particular, a closed fracture is almost always accompanied by the fact that the bone has cracked and the integrity of the skin has not occurred. Accordingly, internal soft tissues, nerves and blood vessels are damaged. If blood leaks from an injured vessel and accumulates under the skin, a hematoma appears. With the formation of other damage and metabolic disorders in soft tissues, their swelling, redness develops. Thus, the risk of edema increases with the development of a closed crack. With open type of cracks and fractures, the risk of edema development is also possible, but it is significantly lower. Than with cracks closed.

Stages

There are 2 stages of development of cracks in the bones of the arm. At the same time, in the first stage, the crack develops directly, when the anatomical and structural integrity of the bone is broken, the arm becomes immobile. The second stage occurs if gypsum is not applied directly to the crack. Usually in this case, pain, swelling, redness, irritation develops. When an open crack appears, damage to the blood vessels, nerves, and the integrity of the skin is broken. When the fissure is closed, hematoma, subcutaneous hemorrhage develops, less often - edema.

Forms

Depending on what signs are the basis of the classification, there is a wide variety of types of cracks. So, depending on whether the skin breaks, or not, the cracks are open or closed. With an open form, the shattered (cracked) bone leaves one of its parts. In the closed form, there is no violation of the integrity of the skin and surrounding tissues. The bone cracks, but remains thicker in the skin.

Depending on whether or not the cracked areas are displaced, fractures (cracks) with and without displacement are isolated. Also, single or multiple cracks are isolated (depending on how many parts the bone has cracked). With a single crack, the bone just cracks in 2 halves. In case of multiple fractures, the bone is crushed into several multiple fragments.

Humeral fissure

The humerus is quite strong. And in order to develop a crack, it is necessary to make a considerable effort. Often such injuries are the result of blows, sharp pressure on the bone, push. Quite often, such pathologies are observed in various accidents and incidents.

In the event that the humerus is cracked, bone fragments are most often displaced. Such cracks and fractures are almost always complicated by a number of factors. The healing and restoration of motor function takes quite a long time and requires serious treatment. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the displacement (if it exists), and then fix (connect) the bones.

A splint or tight bandage is applied. An important condition for ensuring proper healing is contact of the bones and further immobilization (ensuring rest). To achieve this goal and impose a plaster. The goal is to connect the fragments of bones, and to ensure their immobility, which contributes to the fusion of bones. Wound healing properties of gypsum does not possess. In addition to bonding and immobilizing bones, gypsum also provides reliable protection for damaged bones. It is possible to delay the imposition of gypsum only if there are unhealed wounds. But at the same time the limb must be securely immobilized. It is possible to stitch off the time of the casting of gypsum only for a few days, no more, because otherwise the bone may incorrectly grow together.

After the removal of gypsum, it is recommended to apply alternative therapies, which will help to quickly remove the effects of prolonged immobilization of the bone. Below are the recipes for the most effective tools.

  • Recipe number 1.

Take honey as a base. It is added to a tablespoon of glycerin, as well as aqueous or alcoholic infusions of mint, Althea roots, St. John's wort grass, burdock, Bergenia roots, tricolor violet flowers. All this is mixed until smooth. A tablespoon of the drug is dissolved in 5 liters of hot water, the hand with a bone crack is placed in the solution.

  • Recipe number 2.

The basis for the preparation of decoction for therapeutic baths is taken butter. Melted, heated to a warm state. In the resulting oil, pour in 2 ml of concentrated extracts of the following plant components: calendula flowers, succession grass, black elderberry flowers, root of Hypericum perforatum, greater celandine herb, calamus root medicinal. In the bath add a tablespoon to 5 liters of water, place the hand for 10-15 minutes.

  • Recipe number 3.

Take any body cream. It is added to a tablespoon of water or alcohol infusions of corn columns with stigmas, leaves of cowberry, horsetail grass, black elderberry. All this is mixed until smooth, added to the tub during the treatment baths.

  • Recipe number 4.

Olive oil, or any other fatty base, is taken as the basis for the preparation of decoction for medicinal baths. Heats up to a warm state. It is better to use a water bath. In the resulting oil pour in 2 ml of concentrated extracts of the following plant components: lilac flowers, eucalyptus, white acacia flowers, bird cherry, birch leaves, fresh burdock leaves. In the bath is added at the rate of 2 tablespoons of the mixture to 2-3 liters of water.

  • Recipe number 5.

In a common alcohol (500 ml) add a tablespoon of horseradish roots, common chunks, horsetail, burdock, birch and aspen bark, oak bark. Drink a tablespoon twice a day.

  • Recipe number 6.

To prepare take a tablespoon of plantain, flax seed, cabbage leaves, black elderberry, white lily, autumn crocus crocus. All this is insisted at least 3-4 days, applied in the form of a compress. Inside can not be taken, because the autumn crocus is poisonous. If you exclude it from the composition of the funds, the decoction can be taken orally.

  • Recipe number 7.

Take in equal shares yarrow, horseradish, radish, amphibian mountaineer, wormwood. Add half a glass of honey, pour 500 ml of alcohol. Drink a third cup per day.

  • Recipe number 8.

As a basis take vodka or pure alcohol. Then add approximately one tablespoon of the following components: Klopohon Dahurian, lovage medicinal, black poplar, chamomile, clover. Stir, then set aside and provide an opportunity to insist. Drink a tablespoon 3-4 times a day.

  • Recipe number 9.

As a basis take vodka or pure alcohol (500 ml). Then add about a tablespoon of the following components: Althea root, Hypericum herb, gruel from burdock root, lemon juice, egg yolk. Stir, insist the day, after which they apply to the place of the crack the bones of the hand in the form of lotions, compresses, and also drink half a glass per day.

  • Recipe number 10.

In a common alcohol (500 ml) add a tablespoon of chamomile clover, Althea roots, mallow, flax seed, aspen. Drink a tablespoon twice a day.

Forearm bone crack

The forearm is easy enough to damage. Bone fracture can occur with high resistance, pressure, as in various domestic situations, and in production conditions. It is quite easy to damage the forearm bone in arias and injuries. Such fractures and fissures are often accompanied by a violation of blood vessels and nerves. Often in the skin violated the main processes, in particular, the skin becomes blue, pale. Dizziness, headache. Emergency assistance may be required. It is important to consult a doctor.

To diagnose, you need to consult a doctor (diagnostician, general practitioner, surgeon, traumatologist, orthopedist - there is quite a large selection of specialists). They must make a diagnosis and, based on it, select a treatment. Basically, when a crack is detected, the essence of treatment is reduced to immobilization, removal of swelling, pain, and the imposition of gypsum.

Means of symptomatic therapy are also used, but they are less effective and are most often regarded as auxiliary. For example, pain relievers are used to relieve pain. A prerequisite for successful therapy is the inclusion in the day regimen of manual therapy, massage, physical therapy, breathing exercises, and ensuring physical activity. Swimming is useful because it relaxes tense muscles and also weakens muscles in tone.

In case of cracks, it is necessary to take vitamins, since fragility is directly or indirectly associated with a metabolic vitamin, hypovitaminosis or vitamin deficiency. Quite often, fragility is also associated with impaired calcium and phosphorus metabolism. It is also necessary to have vitamin C, which is a powerful antioxidant, eliminates and neutralizes toxins, relieves the effects of hypoxia and oxidative stress that occur immediately at the moment of fracture.

Bone crack on finger

Fingers on cracks are formed easier and faster than in any other areas. This is due, firstly, to the fact that the bones here consist of several phalanges, interconnected into a single bone. Secondly, minimal impact is required in order for the bone to crack. If a crack of the fingers is suspected, it is necessary to ensure the immobility of not only the fingers themselves, but also the wrists, the wrist, the radius. To do this, impose a tire. If it is not possible to impose it immediately in a professional institution, use the available tools. It is quite possible to use various rigid materials to which a limb is pinned. At the same time, it is impossible to pin the limb very tight due to the fact that blood circulation can be disturbed and the innervation decreases. If the crack is accompanied by pain, an anesthetic must be taken. The simplest remedy that is used for pain is no-shpa. It is recommended to drink it in a course, on a tablet 2-3 times a day (regardless of the presence or absence of pain). The course of treatment is 10-14 days.

Sometimes there is pain, itching, swelling (with prolonged wearing of gypsum, with the development of the compartment syndrome), troxevasin-gel, which is used 2-3 times a day, helps to lubricate the irradiated areas around the gypsum.

Traumgonone ointment has proven itself, which has a warming effect, eliminates pain and muscle tension.

Also important is the differential diagnosis aimed at identifying the cause of the pathology. Further treatment depends on the correct determination of the cause and pathogenesis. For example, often cracks occur on the background of osteoporosis, in which the density and structure of bone tissue is disturbed (it becomes more fragile, brittle, and easily damaged). This can occur for many reasons. If the reason is a lack of certain substances in the body, you must add these substances. In the event that the cause is any pathology, it is necessary to take measures in order to get rid of it. In this case, special therapy may be required.

Crack in the radius of the arm

The radial bone of the arm very often cracks in various disasters, in particular, in car accidents. Such cracks are often open, occur when exposed to a large force, entail bleeding, swelling. The danger is that a shock may develop, including a painful shock, especially if it is accompanied by damage to the nerves. Fractures and fractures are determined by X-ray. Treatment is reduced to rest and immobilization.

There is a principle of emergency care, namely: rest - cold - immobilization (PHO). This implies that the arm must be given a position in which it will be as relaxed as possible, will be at rest.

After the hand is already at rest, it is necessary to apply a cold. Cold is applied to the injured area (ice in the bubble). Bubble should first be wrapped in a towel and a plastic bag, and leave for at least 30 minutes. This will remove the swelling, eliminate pain, relieve the condition. If swelling appears, or it gets worse, you must continue to apply ice every 15 minutes until the swelling subsides.

Then immobilization is carried out by applying a plaster cast. This will immobilize and protect the damaged bone. To achieve immobilization, immobilize the limb together with the joints located above and below the crack.

After the cast is removed, a long-term restorative treatment will be required. It may be necessary to conduct appropriate rehabilitation therapy, as well as to introduce means of physiotherapy exercises. Manual therapy and massage are very effective. In most cases, therapy is long, continuous, takes an average of six months to 2 years. Sometimes the complex treatment includes appropriate physiotherapeutic methods, alternative means, homeopathy.

Usually, physiotherapy is used as an adjunct, which is included in the combination therapy. Maximum effectiveness is observed when combined with the use of drugs.

It is recommended to use physiotherapy as part of complex treatment, especially at the stage of rehabilitation treatment. Of all the methods of physiotherapeutic treatment, various thermal procedures, which allow you to quickly remove the spasm and inflammatory process, best of all, normalize the condition of the muscular frame, bones, and the entire musculoskeletal system.

Apply and electrophoresis, which allows you to deliver the active ingredients directly into the inflammation, as well as increases the electrical activity of muscles and nerve impulses. Also, electrophoresis allows you to quickly relieve pain.

It is recommended to alternate physical therapy with massage, manual therapy sessions. Particular attention should be paid directly to the area where the plaster was located.

Such methods as acupuncture (acupuncture), apitherapy (treatment by bee stings), hirudotherapy (treatment by leeches) also work well.

Standard exercise must necessarily include elements of active and passive gymnastics, proper breathing.

Elbow crack arm

With the development of the ulna it is necessary to act, as in all other cases - to ensure peace, cold and immobilization. If pain occurs, take painkillers, for example, paracetamol, analgin, baralgin, aspirin. Gypsum must be applied within 48 hours after injury, for which you should consult a doctor. When visiting a doctor, an x-ray is usually taken, which confirms the diagnosis. If the elbow fracture occurs with displacement, it is necessary to correct the debris. Sometimes there is a need for tight fixation with a special apparatus.

In the course of diagnosis, various diagnostic methods are used. It all starts with a classic inspection. If necessary, use functional tests that can be very informative and allow you to sufficiently differentiate the crack from another state. For example, the test of movement can be considered the most primitive test. Thus, a hand with a crack cannot move, whereas a hand with a sprain, or other damage to the ligaments, soft tissues, but not bones, can easily move, even through pain and resistance. Also almost always use laboratory and instrumental studies. After the cast is removed, rehabilitation therapy is carried out. Good help alternative means. Consider some recipes.

  • Recipe number 1.

In ordinary alcohol (500 ml) add 30 grams of horse sorrel, knotweed, linden, heart-shaped, raspberry leaves, burdock roots. Insist 30 minutes. Used for lotions

  • Recipe number 2.

To prepare the infusion, take about a tablespoon of motherwort herb, chicory root, willow leaf branch bark, calendula, pine buds, pour about 500 ml of brandy. All this is insisted at least 3-4 days, used for lotions.

  • Recipe number 3.

They take in equal shares clover, white acacia, bitter wormwood, high virgin, aloe leaf juice. Take about 2-3 tablespoons of each component, insist at least 5 days, use as a means to compress, the course of treatment is 28 days.

  • Recipe number 4.

As a basis take vodka or pure alcohol. Then add a tablespoon of carrot seeds, oak bark, burdock roots, raw potatoes. Stir, then set aside and provide an opportunity to insist.

  • Recipe number 5.

In a common alcohol (500 ml) is added a tablespoon of plantain juice, nettle, spring primrose, black elderberry, ordinary bird cherry, pine. Used for compress.

  • Recipe number 6.

For the preparation of balsam take a tablespoon of coltsfoot, lemon balm, white birch, white willow, yarrow, raspberry leaves, pour alcohol or vodka (500 ml). Used for a compress, and you can drink a third of a glass twice a day.

  • Recipe number 7.

They take in equal shares the crushed powder of the roots of elecampane, blackberry leaves, bone-trees, cloudberries, blueberries, and wild strawberries. All this is poured over 500 ml of alcohol, 50 ml of fresh Kalanchoe juice is added. Insist at least 5 days, used for lotions, 28 days.

Complications and consequences

The main adverse effects and complications of the fracture and fracture of the ulnar bone are cracks that are displaced or are progressing. With severe pain, a painful shock can develop. If blood vessels are damaged, bleeding develops. Nerve damage can result in neuralgia. Paralysis There is also a high risk of edema, hyperemia, inflammation, infection.

How much does a crack in the arm bone heal?

There are many types of fractures and cracks. They differ in causes, pathogenesis, developmental mechanism, consequences. Accordingly, the healing time is also different. Therefore, it is impossible to unequivocally answer the question of how much a crack in a hand bone heals. For example, in young people the crack will heal much faster than in older people. In people with proper nutrition, receiving all the vitamins and minerals, all the necessary components, the bone can heal faster than a person who does not receive adequate nutrition, hypovitaminosis suffers. On average, an uncomplicated closed  bone fracture of the arm, with the correct and timely provision of emergency care with the application of gypsum, can heal on average over a period of 1 to 3 months. With complications, this process can be delayed up to six months or more.

Diagnostics of the cracked arm bone

Traumatology is represented by many pathologies. For example, one often comes across such a phenomenon as the  crack of a bone of a hand. It arises for various reasons. There are also certain risk factors that predetermine pathology. According to statistics, the cracks are most often found on the bones of the hands. Cracks on the legs are much less common, on other organs even less often. Symptoms may be different, but the main manifestation of this pathology is a crack, which is visualized on the radiograph.

Diagnostics

In the diagnosis of the main methods are instrumental methods that allow you to visualize the pathology. They use, for example, radiographs, computed and magnetic resonance imaging, which allow to analyze the features of pathology, as well as to assess what risk factors underlie the development of pathology, and also allow to identify the most important characteristics of the crack - namely, its direction, size, character, form. Based on these data, a plan for the restoration and treatment of the limb is formed. Laboratory methods are uninformative and practically unclaimed. They are rarely used.

How to determine the crack in the bones of the hand?

An experienced traumatologist can determine the bone fracture by palpation (by testing the bone). But in any case, it is always necessary to confirm the diagnosis reliably, therefore, according to the protocol, the doctor is obliged to prescribe an imaging method, for example, an x-ray method. Only after receiving the X-ray results, the doctor can finally establish the diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Analyzes

Analyzes are almost never prescribed for diagnosis. But sometimes they can be prescribed to monitor the effectiveness of therapy. Standard tests are a clinical analysis of blood, urine, feces.

It may also require rheumatic tests, C-reactive protein analysis, biochemical studies, an immunogram, which are prescribed if there is a risk of complications, or an injury is difficult to heal.

Instrumental diagnostics

The main method of instrumental diagnostics is radiographic examination, as well as computed and magnetic resonance imaging (CT; MRI). These are methods that make it possible to visualize a crack, to consider its main characteristics.

Differential diagnosis

The essence of the differential diagnosis lies in the fact that the doctor must use a variety of research methods to make a differential diagnosis, separating the signs of a cracked arm from other pathologies that have similar similar manifestations.

Who to contact?

Treatment of the cracked arm bone

Usually, standard treatment is prescribed, the essence of which is to relieve the main symptoms (for example, pain, swelling, rupture of soft tissues, blood vessels, violation of the integrity of the skin). Then, at the second stage, measures are taken aimed at splicing the damaged bone. In this case, use standard gypsum. The immobilization of the injured limb is important (ensuring the immobile position of the bone for its further healing). It is important to use painkillers for severe pain.

In addition, drug therapy is applied. Mainly to accelerate healing and prevent complications. Mainly used such groups of drugs: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; vitamins and trace elements, other supplements; means of symptomatic therapy. If necessary, antibiotics, antivirals, alternative and homeopathic remedies, phytotherapy are also used. To relieve swelling, pain, well help compresses, baths. After the removal of gypsum, long-term rehabilitation therapy is carried out, which is aimed primarily at restoring the functional activity of the injured limb, ensuring its physical activity.

Medicines

Most often, pain-relieving drugs are used for bone fractures, since the main symptom is pain, which is especially pronounced immediately at the time of injury, until professional help is provided. Then the pain is slightly reduced (assuming the correct accretion of the bone and no complications). At the time of injury, the pain can be so severe that a person can undergo a traumatic shock.

When treating it is important to observe precautions, namely to follow the recommendations of the doctor. This will avoid numerous side effects. The main side effect is improper fusion of the limb, increased pain, swelling, and pain shock, or chronic pain.

One of the main types of pain treatment is pain medication. So, standardly, for all types of pain, apply analgin. This old one, however, is an effective remedy that helps to quickly eliminate pain. So, it is prescribed a pill 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment is 7-10 days, depending on the severity of pain. It should also be borne in mind that this drug should not be taken by persons with a tendency to bleeding, with hemophilia, because the drug thins blood and may cause bleeding. It is also not recommended for individuals to take after the operating period.

The drug spazmolgon prescribed for pain relief. It is recommended to take a pill 1-2 times a day. The duration of therapy averages up to 10 days. It is not recommended to take longer because it is addictive.

If the above drugs do not work, you can try Ketolorak. This is one of quite powerful painkillers, which in a relatively short time, relieves the pain of any origin. Assign in the postoperative periods, with prolonged non-bone growth, painful movements. It is recommended in half, less often - one tablet per day. In many pharmacies, it is sold only with a doctor’s prescription, since it is a strong drug that has many

Sometimes the healing process is accompanied by severe itching. In this case, you need to prescribe an antihistamine - suprastin (traditionally prescribed in most cases). Recommended pill 1-2 times a day. A course of treatment for 7 days is recommended. In addition, you need to consider that the drug may cause drowsiness.

Vitamins

Almost always, cracks and any bone pathologies indicate the development of vitamin deficiency, metabolic microelements, and metabolic disorders of vitamin and mineral metabolism. Therefore, it is recommended to take vitamins in the following daily concentrations:

  • Vitamin PP - 60 mg
  • Vitamin b 1 (thiamine) - 2-3 mg
  • Vitamin b 2 - riboflavin - 2-3 mg
  • Vitamin B3 (pantothenic acid) - 5-10 mg
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) - 2-3 mg
  • Vitamin B 9 (folic acid) - 0.5-1 mg
  • Vitamin B 12 (cobalamin) - 0.0025-0.005 mg
  • Vitamin b 15 (pantogamic acid) - 2 mg
  • Vitamin A (retinol) - 240 mg
  • Vitamin E (tocopherol) - 45 mg
  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - 1000 mg.

Physiotherapy treatment

For the treatment of cracks, both during the period of immobilization, the application of gypsum, and during the recovery period, when the gypsum has already been removed, various methods of physiotherapy treatment are prescribed. But they are used as an additional tool. To relieve pain, use medication. To restore the function - physical activity, physical therapy in combination with physiotherapy. Which method to choose depends on the diagnosis, the goal of physiotherapy, the leading symptom of pathology. And this determines only the doctor.

The most commonly used treatment is ultrasound, microcurrents, waves of different lengths, electrophoresis, thermal procedures, electrical procedures. At the recovery stage, these procedures are recommended to alternate with massage, manual therapy sessions. Much attention is paid to the massage of the affected limb, segmental-reflex massage, reflexology, acupuncture, acupressure (shiatsu). These are effective means that normalize blood circulation, improve the innervation of the affected areas, allow you to maintain the functional state of the affected limb, and also minimize the violation of the trophism.

At the stage of recovery after the cast was removed, various compresses and wraps are applied. It is necessary to apply remedial exercises, without which it is impossible to overcome pain, relieve puffiness, maintain normal nutrition. In this aspect, the means and methods of active and passive gymnastics, proper breathing are used.

Alternative treatment

Alternative treatment means are most effective after the cast has been removed, as they have powerful rehabilitation potential.

  • Recipe number 1.

Ointment from butter and honey and propolis extract is used for lubrication and grinding in the area where gypsum was applied. Also, this ointment has antipruritic effect, relieves pain. This ointment can be used during massage of the affected limb instead of massage oil. To prepare the ointment take about 50 grams of butter. About 10 grams of propolis melted in a water bath or a couple of propolis and honey are added to it and mixed thoroughly. Then add the fruits of wild rose, lemongrass, nettle, flowers of narrow-leaved lavender and give the opportunity to harden until a homogeneous mass. Apply in a thin layer for about 15-20 minutes on the affected areas, then cover with dry heat.

  • Recipe number 2.

For the general strengthening of the body apply balsam. It is prepared on the basis of alcohol. To prepare take a tablespoon of herb cucumber, purslane garden, rue fragrant, black mustard, pharmacy smoked. Drink 10 grams per day.

  • Recipe number 3.

For applying compresses on the affected area, use an anti-inflammatory and analgesic composition: 3-4 tablespoons of ginger medicinal, pharmacy loving, lemon balm, black hellebore, dandelion, curly parsley, cover with a liter of boiling water, cover with a lid. Insist until the decoction is warm. After that use for compresses.

Honey compress with cracked finger bone

If a crack has arisen on the finger bones, after removing the plaster, honey compress is used to restore the lost functions. For the compress requires a basic decoction, which will be used for a compress. So, we take warm water, comfortable temperature at the rate of 30-40 grams of honey per cup of warm water. Instead of water, you can use decoctions of medicinal herbs, which will enhance the effect. Traditionally, it is recommended to use sage, or chamomile, which allows you to quickly remove the inflammatory process. Then folded in several layers of gauze, put a small layer of cotton in the center. Moisten it all in cooked broth, and then put on your finger for about 15-20 minutes. The decoction can be used 2-3 times in a row. But it is not recommended to use more, because honey loses its properties. Up to 5 such compresses can be done per day. The duration of treatment varies from 7 to 30 days.

Herbal medicine

For symptomatic and restorative treatment used various herbs. It is best to use herbs in the form of decoctions and infusions. Also used for lubrication of affected areas, applied under a compress, used as massage oil, balm for rubbing.

To relieve pain in the best way recommended peony evading. It contains a large number of volatile production, normalizes metabolic processes in the skin.

Chamomile, calendula, sage, have anti-inflammatory effect.

For the prevention of purulent. Septic, inflammatory and infectious processes are used aloe, juniper, turnip garden.

Homeopathy

Acceptance of homeopathy requires adherence to basic precautions, mandatory consultation with a doctor. The main precautionary measure is strict adherence to all recommendations of the doctor. Otherwise, numerous side effects may occur, including deterioration of the condition, progression of paralysis, pain syndrome.

  • Recipe number 1. Firming agent for oral administration

To prepare take on a tablespoon of a tatarnik, Spanish fly, orchid, bought medicinal, and 50 grams of cornel, pour about 500 ml of vodka or pure alcohol, then add half a teaspoon of ground ginger. All this insist at least 3-4 days, drink 50 ml per day. The course of treatment is at least 28 days (full biochemical cycle).

  • Recipe number 2. Oral restorative agent

Take in equal shares of fir oil and sea buckthorn oil (100 grams). Then they take about 2-3 tablespoons of each component: wild rosemary, tall spruce, pine needles, plantain and sage leaves, calendula flowers, chamomile, linden, pour 500 ml of white wine, insist at least 5 days, drink in small quantities twice day, 28 days.

  • Recipe number 3. Anti-inflammatory ointment

This ointment can be prepared at home alone. It can be applied with a thin layer to the place where the crack is located, and plaster has recently been placed. To prepare as the basis of taking butter, melt it in a water bath. Then add approximately one tablespoon of the following components: beet juice, hypericum herb, cinnamon rosehip juice, evading peony infusion. Stir until a homogeneous consistency is formed, after which they are set aside and allowed to cool.

  • Recipe number 4. Anti-inflammatory cream

Used for application to the affected areas. Apply with light massaging movements, until fully absorbed. You can apply after a shower, after a massage, before bedtime. In the usual children's cream, or any other body cream, add a few milliliters of concentrated extract of the white and laurel oil.

Surgery

Methods of surgical treatment are used in the event that complications have arisen, or if the crack affects the nerves, blood vessels, and soft tissues. Also, the need arises in the development of necrosis, inflammatory, purulent-septic complications, infectious processes.

How much to wear gypsum with a fracture of the radius of the arm?

Of course, wearing a gypsum with a crack is required until it heals. How much time is required for this, can be determined only by examination by a specialist. For the radius of the arm, this period ranges from 1 to 3-4 months on average. The time of healing is determined using x-ray studies.

Prevention

The basis of prevention is the elimination of all possible risk factors: falling, squeezing, mechanical damage to the limb. In addition, to increase the strength of bones, requires regular exercise, a mobile lifestyle, proper nutrition, the consumption of the required amount of vitamin and minerals. It is important to undergo regular preventive examinations, if necessary, to be treated promptly.

Forecast

The course and prognosis of the disease depends on the severity of the disease, the location of the crack, its severity. Also, the rate of overgrowing largely depends on the individual characteristics, the state of the bones, the age of the injured. However, if a crack is detected in a timely manner, a plaster is applied, the necessary treatment is carried out, the prognosis will be favorable. Usually, a  bone fracture in the arm  is treatable. If, however, the diagnosis and treatment is delayed, the prognosis can be unpredictable, including improper accretion, disability.

It is important to know!

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