Depending on what signs are the basis of the classification, there is a wide variety of types of cracks. So, depending on whether the skin breaks, or not, the cracks are open or closed. With an open form, the shattered (cracked) bone leaves one of its parts. In the closed form, there is no violation of the integrity of the skin and surrounding tissues. The bone cracks, but remains thicker in the skin.
Depending on whether or not the cracked areas are displaced, fractures (cracks) with and without displacement are isolated. Also, single or multiple cracks are isolated (depending on how many parts the bone has cracked). With a single crack, the bone just cracks in 2 halves. In case of multiple fractures, the bone is crushed into several multiple fragments.
The humerus is quite strong. And in order to develop a crack, it is necessary to make a considerable effort. Often such injuries are the result of blows, sharp pressure on the bone, push. Quite often, such pathologies are observed in various accidents and incidents.
In the event that the humerus is cracked, bone fragments are most often displaced. Such cracks and fractures are almost always complicated by a number of factors. The healing and restoration of motor function takes quite a long time and requires serious treatment. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the displacement (if it exists), and then fix (connect) the bones.
A splint or tight bandage is applied. An important condition for ensuring proper healing is contact of the bones and further immobilization (ensuring rest). To achieve this goal and impose a plaster. The goal is to connect the fragments of bones, and to ensure their immobility, which contributes to the fusion of bones. Wound healing properties of gypsum does not possess. In addition to bonding and immobilizing bones, gypsum also provides reliable protection for damaged bones. It is possible to delay the imposition of gypsum only if there are unhealed wounds. But at the same time the limb must be securely immobilized. It is possible to stitch off the time of the casting of gypsum only for a few days, no more, because otherwise the bone may incorrectly grow together.
After the removal of gypsum, it is recommended to apply alternative therapies, which will help to quickly remove the effects of prolonged immobilization of the bone. Below are the recipes for the most effective tools.
Take honey as a base. It is added to a tablespoon of glycerin, as well as aqueous or alcoholic infusions of mint, Althea roots, St. John's wort grass, burdock, Bergenia roots, tricolor violet flowers. All this is mixed until smooth. A tablespoon of the drug is dissolved in 5 liters of hot water, the hand with a bone crack is placed in the solution.
The basis for the preparation of decoction for therapeutic baths is taken butter. Melted, heated to a warm state. In the resulting oil, pour in 2 ml of concentrated extracts of the following plant components: calendula flowers, succession grass, black elderberry flowers, root of Hypericum perforatum, greater celandine herb, calamus root medicinal. In the bath add a tablespoon to 5 liters of water, place the hand for 10-15 minutes.
Take any body cream. It is added to a tablespoon of water or alcohol infusions of corn columns with stigmas, leaves of cowberry, horsetail grass, black elderberry. All this is mixed until smooth, added to the tub during the treatment baths.
Olive oil, or any other fatty base, is taken as the basis for the preparation of decoction for medicinal baths. Heats up to a warm state. It is better to use a water bath. In the resulting oil pour in 2 ml of concentrated extracts of the following plant components: lilac flowers, eucalyptus, white acacia flowers, bird cherry, birch leaves, fresh burdock leaves. In the bath is added at the rate of 2 tablespoons of the mixture to 2-3 liters of water.
In a common alcohol (500 ml) add a tablespoon of horseradish roots, common chunks, horsetail, burdock, birch and aspen bark, oak bark. Drink a tablespoon twice a day.
To prepare take a tablespoon of plantain, flax seed, cabbage leaves, black elderberry, white lily, autumn crocus crocus. All this is insisted at least 3-4 days, applied in the form of a compress. Inside can not be taken, because the autumn crocus is poisonous. If you exclude it from the composition of the funds, the decoction can be taken orally.
Take in equal shares yarrow, horseradish, radish, amphibian mountaineer, wormwood. Add half a glass of honey, pour 500 ml of alcohol. Drink a third cup per day.
As a basis take vodka or pure alcohol. Then add approximately one tablespoon of the following components: Klopohon Dahurian, lovage medicinal, black poplar, chamomile, clover. Stir, then set aside and provide an opportunity to insist. Drink a tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
As a basis take vodka or pure alcohol (500 ml). Then add about a tablespoon of the following components: Althea root, Hypericum herb, gruel from burdock root, lemon juice, egg yolk. Stir, insist the day, after which they apply to the place of the crack the bones of the hand in the form of lotions, compresses, and also drink half a glass per day.
In a common alcohol (500 ml) add a tablespoon of chamomile clover, Althea roots, mallow, flax seed, aspen. Drink a tablespoon twice a day.
Forearm bone crack
The forearm is easy enough to damage. Bone fracture can occur with high resistance, pressure, as in various domestic situations, and in production conditions. It is quite easy to damage the forearm bone in arias and injuries. Such fractures and fissures are often accompanied by a violation of blood vessels and nerves. Often in the skin violated the main processes, in particular, the skin becomes blue, pale. Dizziness, headache. Emergency assistance may be required. It is important to consult a doctor.
To diagnose, you need to consult a doctor (diagnostician, general practitioner, surgeon, traumatologist, orthopedist - there is quite a large selection of specialists). They must make a diagnosis and, based on it, select a treatment. Basically, when a crack is detected, the essence of treatment is reduced to immobilization, removal of swelling, pain, and the imposition of gypsum.
Means of symptomatic therapy are also used, but they are less effective and are most often regarded as auxiliary. For example, pain relievers are used to relieve pain. A prerequisite for successful therapy is the inclusion in the day regimen of manual therapy, massage, physical therapy, breathing exercises, and ensuring physical activity. Swimming is useful because it relaxes tense muscles and also weakens muscles in tone.
In case of cracks, it is necessary to take vitamins, since fragility is directly or indirectly associated with a metabolic vitamin, hypovitaminosis or vitamin deficiency. Quite often, fragility is also associated with impaired calcium and phosphorus metabolism. It is also necessary to have vitamin C, which is a powerful antioxidant, eliminates and neutralizes toxins, relieves the effects of hypoxia and oxidative stress that occur immediately at the moment of fracture.
Bone crack on finger
Fingers on cracks are formed easier and faster than in any other areas. This is due, firstly, to the fact that the bones here consist of several phalanges, interconnected into a single bone. Secondly, minimal impact is required in order for the bone to crack. If a crack of the fingers is suspected, it is necessary to ensure the immobility of not only the fingers themselves, but also the wrists, the wrist, the radius. To do this, impose a tire. If it is not possible to impose it immediately in a professional institution, use the available tools. It is quite possible to use various rigid materials to which a limb is pinned. At the same time, it is impossible to pin the limb very tight due to the fact that blood circulation can be disturbed and the innervation decreases. If the crack is accompanied by pain, an anesthetic must be taken. The simplest remedy that is used for pain is no-shpa. It is recommended to drink it in a course, on a tablet 2-3 times a day (regardless of the presence or absence of pain). The course of treatment is 10-14 days.
Sometimes there is pain, itching, swelling (with prolonged wearing of gypsum, with the development of the compartment syndrome), troxevasin-gel, which is used 2-3 times a day, helps to lubricate the irradiated areas around the gypsum.
Traumgonone ointment has proven itself, which has a warming effect, eliminates pain and muscle tension.
Also important is the differential diagnosis aimed at identifying the cause of the pathology. Further treatment depends on the correct determination of the cause and pathogenesis. For example, often cracks occur on the background of osteoporosis, in which the density and structure of bone tissue is disturbed (it becomes more fragile, brittle, and easily damaged). This can occur for many reasons. If the reason is a lack of certain substances in the body, you must add these substances. In the event that the cause is any pathology, it is necessary to take measures in order to get rid of it. In this case, special therapy may be required.
Crack in the radius of the arm
The radial bone of the arm very often cracks in various disasters, in particular, in car accidents. Such cracks are often open, occur when exposed to a large force, entail bleeding, swelling. The danger is that a shock may develop, including a painful shock, especially if it is accompanied by damage to the nerves. Fractures and fractures are determined by X-ray. Treatment is reduced to rest and immobilization.
There is a principle of emergency care, namely: rest - cold - immobilization (PHO). This implies that the arm must be given a position in which it will be as relaxed as possible, will be at rest.
After the hand is already at rest, it is necessary to apply a cold. Cold is applied to the injured area (ice in the bubble). Bubble should first be wrapped in a towel and a plastic bag, and leave for at least 30 minutes. This will remove the swelling, eliminate pain, relieve the condition. If swelling appears, or it gets worse, you must continue to apply ice every 15 minutes until the swelling subsides.
Then immobilization is carried out by applying a plaster cast. This will immobilize and protect the damaged bone. To achieve immobilization, immobilize the limb together with the joints located above and below the crack.
After the cast is removed, a long-term restorative treatment will be required. It may be necessary to conduct appropriate rehabilitation therapy, as well as to introduce means of physiotherapy exercises. Manual therapy and massage are very effective. In most cases, therapy is long, continuous, takes an average of six months to 2 years. Sometimes the complex treatment includes appropriate physiotherapeutic methods, alternative means, homeopathy.
Usually, physiotherapy is used as an adjunct, which is included in the combination therapy. Maximum effectiveness is observed when combined with the use of drugs.
It is recommended to use physiotherapy as part of complex treatment, especially at the stage of rehabilitation treatment. Of all the methods of physiotherapeutic treatment, various thermal procedures, which allow you to quickly remove the spasm and inflammatory process, best of all, normalize the condition of the muscular frame, bones, and the entire musculoskeletal system.
Apply and electrophoresis, which allows you to deliver the active ingredients directly into the inflammation, as well as increases the electrical activity of muscles and nerve impulses. Also, electrophoresis allows you to quickly relieve pain.
It is recommended to alternate physical therapy with massage, manual therapy sessions. Particular attention should be paid directly to the area where the plaster was located.
Such methods as acupuncture (acupuncture), apitherapy (treatment by bee stings), hirudotherapy (treatment by leeches) also work well.
Standard exercise must necessarily include elements of active and passive gymnastics, proper breathing.
Elbow crack arm
With the development of the ulna it is necessary to act, as in all other cases - to ensure peace, cold and immobilization. If pain occurs, take painkillers, for example, paracetamol, analgin, baralgin, aspirin. Gypsum must be applied within 48 hours after injury, for which you should consult a doctor. When visiting a doctor, an x-ray is usually taken, which confirms the diagnosis. If the elbow fracture occurs with displacement, it is necessary to correct the debris. Sometimes there is a need for tight fixation with a special apparatus.
In the course of diagnosis, various diagnostic methods are used. It all starts with a classic inspection. If necessary, use functional tests that can be very informative and allow you to sufficiently differentiate the crack from another state. For example, the test of movement can be considered the most primitive test. Thus, a hand with a crack cannot move, whereas a hand with a sprain, or other damage to the ligaments, soft tissues, but not bones, can easily move, even through pain and resistance. Also almost always use laboratory and instrumental studies. After the cast is removed, rehabilitation therapy is carried out. Good help alternative means. Consider some recipes.
In ordinary alcohol (500 ml) add 30 grams of horse sorrel, knotweed, linden, heart-shaped, raspberry leaves, burdock roots. Insist 30 minutes. Used for lotions
To prepare the infusion, take about a tablespoon of motherwort herb, chicory root, willow leaf branch bark, calendula, pine buds, pour about 500 ml of brandy. All this is insisted at least 3-4 days, used for lotions.
They take in equal shares clover, white acacia, bitter wormwood, high virgin, aloe leaf juice. Take about 2-3 tablespoons of each component, insist at least 5 days, use as a means to compress, the course of treatment is 28 days.
As a basis take vodka or pure alcohol. Then add a tablespoon of carrot seeds, oak bark, burdock roots, raw potatoes. Stir, then set aside and provide an opportunity to insist.
In a common alcohol (500 ml) is added a tablespoon of plantain juice, nettle, spring primrose, black elderberry, ordinary bird cherry, pine. Used for compress.
For the preparation of balsam take a tablespoon of coltsfoot, lemon balm, white birch, white willow, yarrow, raspberry leaves, pour alcohol or vodka (500 ml). Used for a compress, and you can drink a third of a glass twice a day.
They take in equal shares the crushed powder of the roots of elecampane, blackberry leaves, bone-trees, cloudberries, blueberries, and wild strawberries. All this is poured over 500 ml of alcohol, 50 ml of fresh Kalanchoe juice is added. Insist at least 5 days, used for lotions, 28 days.