What does a gynecologist do?
Gynecology, as a branch of medicine, existed before our era, but then it was inseparable from obstetrics and surgery. In the Middle Ages, complete stagnation ensued in gynecology, and only in the Renaissance the doctors began to renew knowledge about the structure of the female reproductive system. The real flowering of science occurred in the IX-XX century.
What is a gynecologist doing now? It all depends on a narrow specialization. For example, a children's gynecologist treats genital infections in girls, responds to frequent adolescent issues in puberty, takes preventive talks about contraceptives and sexually transmitted diseases, regulates the menstrual cycle if necessary, and so on. The obstetrician-gynecologist monitors the women during pregnancy, controls and fixes the process of growth and development of the fetus in the exchange card, conducts preventive talks on the topic of childbirth and maternity, consults with the accompanying problems of pregnancy, and also directs, if necessary, the termination of pregnancy or the preservation in hospital, makes abortions and takes delivery. Gynecologist-endocrinologist finds out the problems of hormonal disorders in women, prescribes preparations for their normalization, conducts preventive talks about the hormonal background of the female body and so on. The surgeon on the gynecological profile makes laparoscopic or cavitary operations to remove cysts, tumors, ectopic pregnancies, restore the patency of the fallopian tubes, and also make a cesarean section. Similarly, gynecologists select the optimal method of contraception (oral contraceptives, intrauterine device, cervical cap) and make their appointment and installation.
What diseases does a gynecologist treat?
All the diseases that the doctor treats a gynecologist can be divided into three conditional extensive groups:
- Diseases of female reproductive organs of inflammatory nature;
- Diseases of the female reproductive system associated with problems in the endocrine system;
- Precancerous and cancerous conditions of the organs of the reproductive system.
To inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs can be attributed:
- purulent-inflammatory processes (endometritis, vaginitis, colpitis, adnexitis, etc.);
- Sexually transmitted diseases (gonorrhea, candidiasis, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, syphilis);
- diseases of a viral origin (human papillomavirus, genital herpes, cytomegalovirus).
Endocrinological disorders of the reproductive system include:
- endometriosis (proliferation of the walls of the endometrium);
- PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome);
- amenorrhea (absence of menstruation);
- DMK (dysfunctional uterine bleeding);
- SII (ovarian exhaustion syndrome);
- hyperandrogenism (increased content of male sex hormones);
- metabolic syndrome (impaired sensitivity of the body to insulin);
- adrenogenital syndrome (dysfunction of adrenal hormones production);
- hypothyroidism (dysfunction of thyroid hormone production).
Pre-cancerous and cancerous conditions of the female reproductive system include:
- erosion and dysplasia of the cervix;
- benign and malignant neoplasms of the female reproductive organs.