Uncontrolled repetition of individual words or entire sentences from the interlocutor's monologue are symptoms of echolalia. The source for repetitions can be either the person who is near, and the book text, television or radio broadcast.
The disease has two types, which differ in their symptoms:
- Immediate - the patient reproduces the words and phrases just heard. This kind is necessary to maintain communication with others, that is, it acts as a kind of conversation.
- Delayed - repetition occurs after a certain period of time, it can be 10-15 minutes, a day, a week or a month. It is accompanied by various additional mental disorders.
Neurological pathology is characterized by self-stimulation, that is, the repetition of phrases associated with certain emotions. Thus, the patient is immersed in a convenient atmosphere for him. Repeated phrases cause surprise to others, since they are not relevant to current events.
Another symptom of the disease is the function of transmitting mood through positive or negative experiences. For example, the phrase "no sweets" causes negative emotions, and in any unpleasant situation the patient will repeat it. It is also obligatory to systematize information. Before going to sleep, everything that has been heard for a day is uttered, that is, the patient shares his emotions and experiences with others. It looks like a disjointed story, a set of words and phrases.
In most cases, the first signs of echolalia become noticeable at the age of 3-5 years. More often they appear in boys, girls have a more complex disease. So, when answering any question, the patient repeats its fragment or completely. Quiet or loud speech, lack of response to one's own name and wrong intonations, are also considered signs of speech disorder.
If the defect is one of the signs of autism, then in addition to violations of social behavior and communications, there are a number of other pathological symptoms. The patient does not perceive the interlocutor, therefore the eye-to-eye contact is broken. There is a scant facial expression, which very often does not correspond to the situation, gestures are used to indicate any needs. The child does not understand the emotions of others and does not show interest in peers. Stereotyped behavior manifests itself in the form of daily rituals, fixation in certain occupations, repeated repetitions of movements.
Echolalia in adults
There are a number of pathological conditions that can cause the development of echolalia. In adults, the disease has acquired character. Its symptoms appear in schizophrenic disorders, various brain lesions, neurological and mental illnesses. Because of difficulties in communicating with outsiders, inability to express their own emotions and conduct work, patients are subject to disability.
Echolalia in adults most often develops on a background of schizophrenia. In this case, automatic repetition is accompanied by a meager gesture and mimicry. Patients are not able to perceive the elementary rules and norms, do not understand their behavior and the intentions of others. This all makes it impossible to build a friendly or romantic relationship. Also, there may be an attachment to a particular situation and the regime of the day. The slightest changes cause serious experiences and hysterical fits.
Echolalia in children
An upset that is characterized by uncontrolled repetition of other people's words, phrases or complete sentences is echolalia. In children, it can be of two types: immediate and delayed. It is often taken for the first signs of autism, as in some cases this is not excluded. The disease is associated with a violation of the process of speech formation.
There are two age periods in which the child begins to be reprimanded, repeating everything he has heard - this is from 6 months to 1 year and from 3 years to 4. This simulation is necessary for training pronunciation of sounds, expanding vocabulary and learning the basics of interaction with the society through communication.
If the verbal disorder persists or occurs in older children, this indicates echolalia. It can have a different degree of severity. Therefore, the sooner it is diagnosed, the better it can be corrected. This method of treatment allows you to find understanding with the patient and try to adapt it to the society.