Who is a child allergist?
A child allergist or physician, an allergist-immunologist, is a specialist with a higher medical education in a separate field of clinical medicine, which is called allergology. This section of medicine studies allergic reactions and associated diseases, their etiology, developmental mechanisms and symptoms, as well as methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Children's allergist takes into account the characteristics of the child's organism on the basis of fundamental training in pediatrics, which deals with childhood diseases and caring for healthy and sick children of any age. Therefore, children's allergists know how to effectively and safely help their patients.
Children's allergists are trained to treat the symptoms of food allergies, and can provide professional help to parents to prevent exacerbations of the disease and reduce allergic symptoms - using a special elimination or individually selected hypoallergenic diet.
When should I contact a pediatric allergist?
Specialists note that the most common allergic reaction in children is allergic rhinitis. Although the child's allergic reactions to plant pollen, medicines, pet dander, dust mites, household chemicals and certain foods, show the same symptoms as adults.
It should be borne in mind that any child can become allergic, but children from families in which one of the relatives has an allergy can inherit this disease with a probability of up to 40%. This does not mean that such children are doomed to active development of this disease, but children's allergists advise to pay attention to the main symptoms of allergy. These include: violation of nasal breathing, itching of the nose and palate, sneezing and runny nose; edema and hyperemia of the conjunctiva, itchy eyelids and lacrimation; often repeated night dry cough; wheezing in the chest and shortness of breath (up to shortness of breath and attacks of suffocation); itchy skin rashes.
As a rule, one of these signs of allergy manifests, without changing the body temperature. So parents need to be careful and with similar, seemingly "unreasonable" reactions of the child to turn to a specialist - a child allergist.
Moreover, the lack of timely treatment of allergies of any etiology can lead to the most serious complications.