First of all, the patient should completely change his habitual way of life. It is necessary to give up smoking, alcohol abuse, control the level of cholesterol in the blood with the help of a hypocholesterolemic diet.
Also prescribed and medication. The most popular among them are antiplatelet agents. These funds can reduce the risk of complications in the form of myocardial infarction and stroke. Most often, patients are prescribed acetylsalicylic acid, clopidorgel, dipyridamole. Also prescribed drugs from the group of anticoagulants, for example Warfarin.
Operation in stenosis of the carotid artery
Typically, the method of choice for atherosclerotic stenosis of the carotid arteries is carotid endarterectomy. It is performed only in patients with a carotid artery stenosis level of more than 50%.
During surgery, the angiosurgeon makes a small incision on the neck and removes thrombotic clumps and atherosclerotic plaques. Next, stitching of the artery and the application of sutures.
Stenting - the procedure of placement in the narrowed, due to atherosclerosis, part of the carotid artery of the stent, (duct from the metal of the cellular structure).
Inside the artery, the stent gradually opens, pushing the narrowed section and restoring the lumen, improves blood circulation and oxygenation of the brain. After 1-3 days after the stenting procedure, the patient is usually discharged home.