Conservative treatment is aimed at preserving eyesight, preventing the consequences and complications that can develop both against the background of infections and due to trauma features. To do this, use:
- antiseptic ointments;
- non-hormonal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs;
- preparations for activating microcirculation;
- Novocain blockades;
- eye drops that restore the epithelium;
- eye drops dilating the pupil.
On the first and second days after the corneal burn, the regeneration process is slower if compared with similar mechanical damages, as the surviving epithelium is still affected by the burn. Apply the ointment on the cornea and change the bandage every day should the doctor. When dressing, medicines for topical use are not used, since the bandage will be changed by a patient who can do it incorrectly. Removing the inflammation lasting approximately 7 days after the end of epithelization will be helped by drops with glucocorticoids and antiseptics.
With severe chemical burns, extensive lesions of the epithelium of the cornea, ocular membranes, with the development of concomitant infection, prolonged regeneration, or when conjunctival glands are conjoined with eyeball conjunctiva, consultation of the ophthalmologist is necessary.
Drops with burns of the cornea of the eye
- To remove the swelling, you can use the drops Visoptik, Vizin or Prokulin. According to the instruction, they drip into the eye 1 drop 3 times a day. Drops will help to cope with burning, remove swelling and calm the affected area. The maximum duration of treatment is 3 days.
- If the eye cornea burns a minor degree, but still causes discomfort, you can use drops of tetracaine, alkaine or a 2% solution of lidocaine. Drugs drip into the eye 2 times a day. They have approximately the same action: they eliminate pain, the cornea is frozen as it were. Such drops can not be used for longer than 2 days without consulting a doctor.
- To avoid infectious complications, antibiotics for topical use are used: Tobramycin, Levofloxacin, Oftakwix, Gentagut, Gentamicin and others. The course of treatment is 7 days. Drops are injected up to 5 times during the day.
With the destruction of the cornea or the threat of perforation, urgent surgical treatment is required: primary layer-by-layer keratoplasty (replacement of the damaged cornea or part of the transplant) or early through keratotomy (applying not sharp incisions to the cornea to weaken refraction along the strengthened axis). If there are indications, after 12-14 months after the cornea of the eye, an optical transplant or prosthetic repair of the cornea is performed, a plastic operation of the eyelid.
Non-medicamentous treatment of corneal burns of the eye additionally includes physiotherapeutic treatment and a special complex of massage for the eyelids. These techniques make sense to use in the recovery period, when the acute stage of inflammation is already behind. For early recovery, you should consult an ophthalmologist who will tell you which treatment will be effective with regard to the patient's condition. Corneal burns of the eye are too specific to be generalized - each case should be treated separately.
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Treatment of burns of the cornea of the eye - urgent homeopathy
Depending on what caused the burn of the cornea of the eye, the following homeopathic remedies are used:
- Causticum - for burns that do not heal well.
- Urtica urens with severe itching, swelling, and burns with poisonous plants.
- With burns of 2 degrees, Echinacea ointment and tincture for ingesting 3 drops every 3 hours are applied.
Alternative treatment of eye cornea burn
The methods of alternative medicine make a significant contribution to the recovery process after chemical or thermal burn of the cornea of the eye. They contribute to the regeneration of tissues and the recovery of the eyeball.
Honey - is able to eliminate swelling, delaying excess fluid, promotes regeneration and prevents the loss of transparency of the cornea. Honey is used already when the first inflammation of the eye has passed. Honey is rich in vitamins - vitamins A, B, E, K, C, PP, pantothenic and folic acid - which are necessary for rapid tissue repair
Potato Compress. Raw potatoes are rubbed on a fine grater. Then, after putting on the gauze, put the potatoes and leave for 15-20 minutes.
You can make a compress from tea leaves, chamomile flowers or marigold. Tea brew (or herbs) is poured with boiling water, let it brew. Such a decoction can both be applied to the eyes, and used for washing.
For the removal of swelling and inflammation make frequent, but short - for 2-3 minutes - cold compresses.
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Herbal treatment for burns of the cornea
Compress from linden broth. For the compress 2 st. Spoons of dried linden flowers pour a glass of boiling water, let it brew and strain. In the broth, immersed cosmetic discs and put on the eyes. Disc is recommended to keep until it dries.
Another known alternative is aloe juice, which, like honey, contains a complex of substances that help to speed up the healing process.
Decoction of marigold. Dry flowers of calendula are poured with boiling water and allowed to stand in a closed container. This broth is washed with the eyes. Calendula eliminates edema, inflammation and relieves pain.
Decoction of chamomile or lungwort for ingestion also contributes to recovery.
Strangely enough, but the diet also affects the process of restoring the eye tissues: a menu rich in vitamins A and E, fish oil will help you recover faster after a burn and improve your eyesight.