First aid for burns with alkali
First aid for burns with alkali is:
- in the immediate washing of affected skin with cold running water, which is carried out for at least 15 minutes;
- in the treatment of water-soaked places with one of the acidifying solutions: 2% solution of citric or boric acid (for 250 ml of water ½ teaspoon); 1% solution of acetic acid; solution of a mixture of 9% table vinegar with water (in a ratio of 1: 3).
First aid for burns with alkali in powder form should be started with its careful removal from the skin in a dry form, and only then can the affected area be washed with water and acidified solution. Note that dissolution of dry alkali in water triggers its damaging effect on the skin.
If the burn is caused by quicklime, it can not be washed by water in any case. It is necessary to remove alkali by treating the skin with any vegetable oil, followed by a dry sterile wipe.
When exposed to the skin slaked lime, after washing with water several times wash the affected area with sweetened water (a tablespoon of sugar without a slide for 250 ml of water). You can make this lotion with this solution.
Burn the eye with alkali and also need a few minutes to rinse with cold water (only under the jet), after which you should continue washing the eyes with 2% solution of boric or citric acid. In this case, you need to urgently apply to a medical institution.
Read also - What to do with a chemical burn?
Treatment of burns with alkali in the hospital
In mild cases of damage to the upper layer of the skin, treatment of an alkaline burn can be performed using all known Panthenol aerosol, liniment synthomycin, and also spray Oxycyclisol (with antibiotic oxytetracycline and corticosteroid prednisolone), antiseptic drugs in the form of solutions for topical use Dioxysol or Novoimanin.
Dioxysol contains an antibacterial agent, dioxidine and an anesthetic lidocaine. The drug is used not only to fight the infection, but also to stimulate the repair process in the burn wound, for which it processes the damaged area and moistens the dressing - once a day. The procedure may be accompanied by a slight burning, but the prolonged use of this solution can cause a side effect in the form of hives. With problems with the heart (bradycardia), low blood pressure and pregnancy, Dioxysol is contraindicated.
1% spirituous extract of St. John's wort - Novoimanin - helps with suppuration of the burn wound (drying it) and relieves inflammation. To wash the wound or wet the dressing, it must be diluted with water (5 parts 1 part extract).
Both at home and in hospitals, an effective dosage form such as ointment (or gel) is used. Doctors recommend antibiotic ointments Levomekol and Levosin (with levomitsetinom), Streptonitol (with sulfanilamides), Sulfargin (with sulfatiazol of silver), etc. For allergies of any etiology. Full information in the material - Ointment from burns.
And about what methods are used in the treatment of moderate and severe burns, you can learn from a separate publication - Treatment of burns
Applying alternative treatment in the form of compresses and lotions, you should remember about compliance with the rules of antiseptics. Therefore, it is best to use decoctions of medicinal plants, and not the preparations that are prepared without heat treatment (that is, they can become a source of infection of the burn wound).
Recommended alternative treatment with herbs includes decoctions of calendula flowers, St. John's wort, leaves of plantain, cotton throat, sweet clover. Well removes the inflammation of a strong broth of bay leaves (5-6 leaves per cup of boiling water). Herbal decoction is prepared based on a tablespoon of raw materials for 200-250 ml of boiling water (boil for about 10-12 minutes); after insisting the broth, they are washed with burn wounds when changing the dressing (1-2 times a day).
Pus squeezes aloe juice; the juice of celandine dries up (diluted with boiled water 1: 1); helps remove inflammation of essential oil of cedar, eucalyptus, tea tree; accelerates the healing of burns with alkali lotion with juice from leaves and stems of golden mustache (kallisium fragrant), propolis, mummies.