For all the changes that can occur with your neoplasms it is necessary to follow and in any changes contact a dermatologist if:
- the birthmark increases in size and itches,
- itches the area around the birthmark,
- the nevus is flushed and itch,
- the mole has inflamed, swelled up and itched.
- the birthmark is scaly, but itch
- the traumatized birthmark itches and can even bleed.
What to do if it's a mole?
With the above symptoms, it is strictly forbidden to touch or scratch the mole with foreign objects (knife, scissors, scratch with a fingernail or pick with a toothpick), even if it is in hard-to-reach places (mole on the back, mole on the neck). If the birthmark is damaged or bleeding, treat the affected area with hydrogen peroxide and consult a doctor. Long delay with a bleeding nevus is not recommended, since it leads to irreversible changes.
The first signs that your birthmark is reborn may be an increase in the size of the stain, itching, darkening, redness, bleeding, swelling.
If the mole itself or a place around it begins to peel off - this is the first sign that it is worth asking for an oncologist. He will carry out all the necessary research and will give an opinion about whether this is a symptom of a cancer.
To what doctor to go, if the mole is itching? First of all, of course to the dermatologist, who will conduct the examination, diagnosis, send for analysis, and then coordinate the actions that have been submitted.
If the mole is scratched after removal, especially it is not necessary to worry, so it can heal. If this itching causes you discomfort and is difficult to endure, you can gently press the finger pad with a finger pad on the distant birthmark. This method can help for a while. If the remote birthmark is scratched long enough and you are worried about it - contact a dermatologist.
After examining the dermatologist and depending on the results of the tests, the doctor can refer the patient to dermoscopy. This study, which is carried out using a dermatoscope - a device that is equipped with a magnifying lens, which allows you to consider the birthmark more carefully. Also, using a dermatoscope, you can take a digital snapshot of the lesion.
This device helps the doctor-specialist to make sure of the good quality of the birthmark and diagnose melanoma in the early stages. If a cancer is suspected, the dermatologist may also send a biopsy to a follow-up examination . This procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Types of biopsy:
- shaving - is used to study moles with a low risk of developing melanoma. For a more serious suspicion of cancer, the thickness of the cell cut can be inadequate.
- puncture - a study in which three layers of skin are cut, which makes it possible to obtain more informative material.
- excision and incisive - complete or partial removal of the tumor, which could germinate into the layers of the skin.
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