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Health

What to do with smoke poisoning?

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 05.07.2019
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The first thing to do in case of smoke poisoning is to stop the effects of smoke on the body as soon as possible: take out or bring the victim to fresh air, ventilate the room. If breathing is difficult, a cloth dipped in water should be applied to the nose and throat and breathe through it. Then neutralize the poison (cause vomiting, give the person a sorbent, plenty of drink). Be sure to call an ambulance.

What to do with a burn from the stove?

In the event of a burnout from the stove, the first thing you need to do as soon as possible is to turn off the stove, cut off gas access (close all taps). Extinguish the fire, if it is a fireplace, or an open stove. Then urgently need to call an ambulance, and provide emergency assistance to the person until the medical team arrives. The essence of emergency care for smoke poisoning is to stop the further flow of gas / smoke into the body; removal of poisonous substance that has already entered from the body of smoke (by giving sorbent - activated carbon, sorbex). In extreme cases, milk, yolk eggs, which also act as sorbents, are given. Neutralization of the poison that has entered the blood is usually carried out upon arrival of the ambulance brigade. In extreme cases, it can be provided by drinking plenty of water.

Hospitalization is required, even if the person feels relatively well. In a hospital setting, pathogenetic therapy, etiological therapy is required. Then may require remediation.

First aid

First aid is to neutralize the poison, stop its effects on the body. It is important to ensure the stabilization of the state (monitor heart rate, pressure, body temperature, respiratory rate, heart rate). The essence of first aid is to maintain a relatively stable condition, to prevent the death of the victim until an ambulance arrives. In the framework of first aid, they carry out detoxification therapy, inject sorbents, supportive drugs, and, if necessary, painkillers.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]

What to take in smoke poisoning?

Fixed assets that need to be taken immediately with smoke etching are sorbents. This is a group of drugs whose mechanism of action is to collect all the toxins, form them into a single complex (absorb) and remove from the body. They can be removed through the skin with sweat, through the kidneys with urine, through the digestive system with feces. Therefore it is important to provide the patient with abundant drinking The main and most effective sorbents:

  • sorbeks (1-2 tablets per day)
  • activated charcoal (5-6 tablets every 3-4 hours)
  • enterosgel (a tablespoon of the drug is dissolved in a glass of water, drink up to 3-4 glasses per day)
  • Polysorb (a tablespoon of money for a glass of water, 2-3 times a day)
  • smect (dissolve the contents of the bag in a glass of warm water, drink. Per day - up to 3-5 bags)
  • Nimesulide, Nimesic (sachet for 1 reception, dissolves in a glass of water, 3-5 sachets per day).

Medicines

Dosage: 1 tablet 2-3 times a day, in the case of an attack of asphyxiation - once 2 tablets. Or in the form of injections -1-2 ml intramuscularly.

Precautionary measures: it is better to enter in the form of injections, since it is necessary that the drug act quickly. Smoke poisoning is often accompanied by bronchospasm, asphyxiation.

Side Effects: May cause drowsiness and delayed reaction.

  • Novocaine

Dosage: Novocaine 1% solution is injected intramuscularly. Once injected from 0.5 to 1 ml intramuscularly.

Precautionary measures: it is better not to combine with cardiac glycosides.

Side effects: reduced sensitivity, loss of orientation in space.

  • The perfected

Dosage: 0.5-1 ml intramuscularly.

Precautions: do not combine with muscle relaxants.

Side effects: no.

  • diphenhydramine

Dosage: 0.025 - 0.05 mg orally in the form of tablets, or 1 ml intramuscularly in the form of injections.

Precautionary measures: it is better not to combine with cardiac glycosides, tranquilizers.

Side effects: increased heart rate.

trusted-source[9], [10], [11]

Vitamins

Vitamins contribute to faster recovery. But their use is not justified in providing emergency care. Assign only at the stage of rehabilitation treatment. It is recommended to take vitamins in the following daily concentrations:

  • Vitamin PP - 60 mg
  • Vitamin A - 240 mg
  • Vitamin E - 45 mg
  • Vitamin C - 1000 mg.

Vitamin C is especially important after smoke poisoning, since it has an antioxidant effect, eliminates and neutralizes free radicals, is a powerful source of energy, and helps to restore damaged tissues.

Home treatment

At home, the easiest way to carry out restorative treatment, which will be aimed at eliminating the effects of poisoning. It may be recommended to use various agents with absorption properties.

  • Recipe number 1.

As a basis, take about 2-3 egg whites, 100 ml of milk, mixed together. Pour the mixture with a small amount of pre-cooked vegetable broth warmed over low heat, prepared on the basis of burdock, juniper and sage. Prepare a mass of homogeneous consistency. When the mass is prepared, immediately before use, add one third of a tablespoon of Centella powder. Drink, dissolving about a third of a teaspoon in a glass of water, three times a day.

  • Recipe number 2.

About 2-3 egg whites and 40-50 grams of butter are taken as the basis, mixed together. Pour a small amount of freshly squeezed juice of arnica and cherry (about 30-40 ml). Prepare a mass of homogeneous consistency. Just before use, add 2-3 drops of concentrated essential oil of empa and a teaspoon of vanilla, mix thoroughly. Drink, dissolving in water (at the rate of 1-2 teaspoons per 200-250 ml of water).

  • Recipe number 3.

They take honey and butter in approximately equal shares, melt them over low heat with constant stirring, and pour in freshly squeezed pomegranate juice (approximately 50 ml). Mix until a homogeneous consistency. Mix well, so that no lumps remain. Before use, add 2-3 drops of essential oil of bergamot and vetiver, mix thoroughly again, drink, dissolving a teaspoonful of the product in a glass of water.

  • Recipe number 4.

Mix in equal shares of honey, cream, oatmeal - about a tablespoon of each component, add about 2 tablespoons of ground grapefruit zest and 1 tablespoon of ground cinnamon. All this is thoroughly mixed, until a homogeneous consistency, consumed inside during the day. You can drink water.

trusted-source[12], [13], [14]

Alternative treatment

There are many alternative treatment methods that allow you to quickly recover from poisoning. It is known that a large proportion of toxic substances is excreted through the skin, with sweat. Therefore, it has long been recommended to take a steam bath after a poisoning. Well acts massage with birch twigs. Intense perspiration helps to eliminate toxin. And this can be enhanced with the help of massage, held in the bath. For massage it is recommended to use manual massage oils.

  • Recipe number 1.

As a basis, take about 50 grams of butter and lard. Fill the mixture with a small amount of pre-cooked vegetable broth heated on low heat, prepared on the basis of oregano, camphor and Kevda, taken in the ratio 5: 3: 1. Prepare a mass of homogeneous consistency. When the mass is cooked, just before the massage, add a tablespoon of coconut oil and “Queen of the Night” oil. Give the opportunity to frost, use for massage, rubbing.

  • Recipe number 2.

As a base take about 2-3 tablespoons of vaseline and 40-50 grams of butter, mixed together. Pour with a small amount of freshly squeezed orange juice and olive oil (approximately 30-40 ml). Prepare a mass of homogeneous consistency. Just before use, add 2-3 drops of concentrated orchid essential oil and night flowers, mix thoroughly. Used as a base massage oil.

  • Recipe number 3.

They take approximately equal parts of peach and apricot seeds, slowly pour in a concentrated extract of wormwood, Damascus rose and sandalwood (approximately 5-10 ml). Mix until a homogeneous consistency. Mix well, so that no lumps remain. Before use, add 2-3 drops of essential oil of pine and thuja, mix thoroughly again. Used as a base massage oil.

  • Recipe number 4.

Mix in equal proportions avocado oil, glycerin and shea butter - about 3-4 tablespoons of each component, add about 2 tablespoons of decoctions of sage and eucalyptus. All this is thoroughly mixed, until a homogeneous consistency. Used as a massage oil.

trusted-source[15], [16], [17], [18], [19], [20], [21], [22], [23], [24]

Herbal medicine

Herbal treatment allows you to get rid of the effects of smoke poisoning. It is recommended to use the plants in the form of medicinal decoctions inside. The preparation scheme is quite simple: about 2-3 tablespoons of vegetable raw materials are poured with a glass of boiling water, covered with a saucer, infused for at least an hour. Drink a whole glass of broth for the day. The next day, prepare a new broth. Drink recommended 14-28 days.

  • The decoction of bergamot has a detoxifying, relaxing effect, relieves spasm, overstrain, pain.
  • A decoction of valerian flowers is used to restore the rehabilitation period. It relieves pain, normalizes the work of the heart, nervous and digestive systems.
  • A decoction of hyacinth leaves is used to restore damaged mucous membranes, normalize motility and peristalsis. Improves the condition of the skin with chemical burns.

trusted-source[25], [26], [27], [28], [29], [30]

Homeopathy

Homeopathy allows in a relatively short time to get rid of the effects of poisoning, to restore the body. One precaution is to consult a doctor before starting treatment. This will prevent the main side effect - deterioration.

  • Recipe number 1.

As a base take about 50 grams of butter and margarine. Pour the mixture with a small amount of pre-cooked vegetable broth warmed over low heat, made on the basis of elecampane, oregano and musk. Prepare a mass of homogeneous consistency. When the mass is cooked, add a tablespoon of incense and vanilla. Give the opportunity to harden, can be dissolved in tea, water.

  • Recipe number 2.

As the basis take about 2-3 tablespoons of honey and aloe oil, mixed with each other. Pour a small amount of fresh sandalwood broth and vervain (about 30-40 ml). Prepare a mass of homogeneous consistency. Just before use, add 2-3 drops of concentrated essential oil of cedar and juniper, mix thoroughly. Used as a food additive, added to tea.

  • Recipe number 3.

Egg protein and fish oil are taken in approximately equal shares, slowly pour in concentrated extract of burdock, wormwood and citrus wormwood (about 5-10 ml). Mix until a homogeneous consistency. Mix well, so that no lumps remain. Before use, add 2-3 drops of rose essential oil, mix thoroughly again. Used as a food additive, flavoring. Drink, dissolving in tea, water.

  • Recipe number 4.

Mix cocoa butter and ground oats in equal proportions, about 3-4 tablespoons of each component, add about 2 tablespoons of baked milk and olive oil. All this is thoroughly mixed, until a homogeneous consistency. Used for treatment of skin and mucous membranes with chemical burns, smoke damage. Drink, dissolving a teaspoon means in a glass of water.

trusted-source[31], [32], [33], [34]

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