They are generally standard, and are characteristic of severe intoxication processes. As the poison enters the body, it has a damaging effect on the path through which it penetrates. This damage can be both reversible and irreversible. For example, if the poison penetrates the respiratory tract, a chemical burn of the respiratory tract occurs, damage to the mucous membranes, difficulty inhaling / exhaling, and other similar phenomena. When penetrating the gastrointestinal tract, the mucous membranes of the mouth, esophagus, stomach are damaged. Perhaps the development of a chemical burn, ulcers, erosions, bleeding. Sometimes a thermal burn develops, for example, during fires, if a person inhales hot smoke, steam. When penetrating the skin, the pores become clogged and inflamed. In contact with mucous membranes. They burn, become inflamed, redden, pain appears. Development of burns, dermatitis, ulceration of the skin is not excluded.
Then, regardless of the way in which the poison initially entered the body, standard intoxication develops. The poison enters the bloodstream, binds to the blood cells and is carried throughout the body. At the same time, the normal functioning of the body is disrupted at the molecular level. There is a violation of consciousness, coordination, balance, speech, thought processes, and even an orienting reflex, spontaneous physical activity, aggression, increased excitability, or vice versa, retardation develops. Dyspnea appears, breathing is sometimes disturbed, and the pulse changes. The frequency of respiratory movements, heart rate (both upward and downward) may develop arrhythmia, asthma attack, angina pectoris, spasm, convulsions, loss of consciousness, hallucinations, delusions, paralysis. There is a chill, fever, increase, or critical drop in temperature, pressure.
Carbon monoxide poisoning
The peculiarity of carbon monoxide smoke and its poisoning with products derived from it is that it binds to the hemoglobin of the blood, destroys it. If normally red blood cells have to carry oxygen, which is attached to the hemoglobin molecule, then when poisoning instead of oxygen, the carbon dioxide molecule joins to hemoglobin and is thus transported throughout the body, penetrating absolutely all cells and tissues of the body, including including the brain, the heart. Having achieved the goal, it has a destructive effect on these structures, as a result of which their function is completely disrupted, or their function is turned off, that is, failure develops, up to a complete loss of function, the development of multiorgan failure. As a result, death occurs rather quickly.
It is characteristic that if hemoglobin has attached a carbon monoxide molecule, then it can no longer attach an oxygen molecule. In this way. The body remains without oxygen. Cells and tissues do not just not receive oxygen (and it is vital for them), but instead receive carbon monoxide, which destroys them. In addition, it is normal on the way back, after the erythrocyte has given away the oxygen molecule, it attaches carbon dioxide, and takes it outside, thus cleaning the cells and tissues from the processed products. When poisoning is violated, and these processes. On the way back, carbon monoxide molecules also join, or nothing is attached. As a result, in the body there is an additional accumulation of carbon dioxide, recycled waste products of the cell, which would have to be removed from the body in the normal state. Accumulating, they also have a toxic effect on the body. Accordingly, the body receives double poisoning at the same time - with carbon monoxide gas, and those not derived from the functioning of the cell.
Tobacco smoke poisoning
The essence of tobacco smoke poisoning is the toxic effect of nicotine on the body. In large quantities, it has a paralyzing and inhibitory effect on smooth muscles and heart muscle. It also has a negative effect on the basic parameters of cellular and tissue metabolism, violates the basic molecular and biochemical parameters, which leads to a violation of the basic functions of the body.
Headache, dizziness, constriction of the pupil, nausea, vomiting, hallucinations, delirium can indicate poisoning. In humans, the heartbeat, pulse, breathing, body temperature, and blood pressure decrease significantly. With a tendency to allergic reactions, edema, choking attack, anaphylactic shock develops.
Welding smoke poisoning
Welding smoke is most often poisoned by people who work with welding. Basically it is a chronic poisoning, which can be conditionally attributed even to occupational diseases. However, welding smoke poisoning also occurs in people who first encounter welding, as a result of the entry of large amounts of welding smoke into the body, or as a result of an increased sensitivity of the body to this smoke.
Often, when poisoning by welding smoke, there are signs of an acute abdomen (requires immediate surgical intervention). It manifests itself as a sharp, unbearable pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, profuse vomiting, sometimes with blood. Failure to provide urgent operational assistance in the first 2-3 hours is fatal.
Less severe cases of welding smoke poisoning are accompanied by the development of rhinitis, since in most cases the poison enters the body through the respiratory tract. At the same time, conjunctivitis also develops, since the mucous membrane of the eye suffers significantly from welding smoke, and a chemical burn develops. This may entail an inflammatory process, or an allergic reaction, swelling of the mucous membrane, irritation, hyperemia.
Progressed nasal congestion, difficulty breathing at night, a runny nose appears. In chronic poisoning, edema and inflammation progress, tracheitis, tracheobronchitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, pulmonary obstruction, alveolitis, as well as rhinosinusitis, sinusitis, frontitis, otitis media, etc. Develop.
Also, part of the pathology falls on the skin. Redness, irritation, dry skin, chemical burns are observed.
Plastic smoke poisoning
Poisoning from plastic smoke is difficult, because as a result of plastic burning, many toxic substances are formed, most of which are firmly and irreversibly associated with the cellular structures of the blood, leading to their complete destruction. The characteristic features of such poisoning are weakness, sweating increases, heartbeat quickens. A distinctive feature of this type of poisoning is that the human body is covered with cold sweat, since the detoxification system and the thermoregulation apparatus are activated, which are aimed at eliminating the symptoms of poisoning and restoring disturbed processes in the body. Then the pupils dilate, coordination of movements is disturbed. Asphyxiation may develop, especially if a person has a tendency to allergic reactions. Gradually, the symptoms increase, increase. Without emergency care, a person inevitably dies.
In this case, correct diagnosis is especially important. Only knowing the cause of the pathology, you can quickly find an effective remedy, enter the antidote. This will prevent further intoxication.
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Pain in the head after inhaling smoke
In most cases, if a person inhales smoke, he has a headache. The main reason for this is that not enough oxygen is supplied to the brain, and there is also an excess of carbon dioxide and metabolic by-products. All these substances accumulate, penetrate the blood-brain barrier, destroy microglia, disrupt the functional state of glial cells and other vital brain structures. Disrupted cerebral circulation, the state of the basic structures of the brain. Accordingly, the spasm, a pain develops. The functioning of not only the central, but also the peripheral parts of the nervous system, and subsequently the whole organism, is gradually disrupted.
The first signs are a sharp deterioration of health, profuse sweating, weakness, nausea, headache, dizziness. One of the first symptoms in the mouth is a slight metallic taste, which indicates the destruction of hemoglobin and that the poison has already entered the blood.
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