Signs and features of hematuria are caused by the main, provoking urine of red color, a disease. Symptoms of urine red - this is clearly a visible change in the color of urine. The most common complaints of patients in connection with hematuria:
Morning urine output is accompanied by a burning sensation, a pain symptom, which indicates the presence of an inflammatory process of bacterial etiology.
Urine of red color is allocated at the very beginning of the act, indicating the initial form of hematuria and the localization of the pathological process in the initial zone of the urethra.
Urine changes the shade to red or pink at the end of urination. This is the terminal form of hematuria and a symptom of inflammation of either the prostate, or a chronic pathological process in the cervix vesicae (bladder neck).
The total form of hematuria is the urine of red color throughout the entire act of urination. Possible signs of inflammation of the walls of the bladder, ureter (ureters), pelvis renalis (renal pelvis), cortical layers of the kidneys.
A red shade of urine and a pain symptom (in the abdomen, back, irradiation up or in the groin) is a clear sign of urate nephrolithiasis (uric acid crisis), kidney stone disease.
Hematuria, not accompanied by pain, not associated with eating or exercise, long and lasting, can be a formidable symptom of the tumor process.
Red urine is a symptom of the disease
Clinical symptoms of red urine are determined in this way:
General complaints of the patient - the urine changes the shade to pink, brown, dark red.
Urine of red color is combined with painful sensations - an indication of the presence of concrements, cystitis or a tumor process in the terminal stage.
In the urine, small clots of blood are clearly visible - a sign of bleeding of the vessels of the ureter.
In urine, fragments of blood in the form of "worms" are visible - a sign of inflammation of the upper zone of the urinary system.
Formless, rather large blood clots in the urine - one of the symptoms of acute inflammation of the bladder.
Repeated, relapsing appearance of urine of red color is a clear symptom of the presence of a tumor in the urinary system.
When you need to see a doctor, what symptoms should alert you:
Urine of red color is not accompanied by pain. This condition lasts several days, more than 5-7 days and can be the first signal indicating the development of the tumor process.
Urine with a red-brown hue may be a symptom of kidney bleeding (upper section).
The scarlet color of urine is a sign of urolithiasis, inflammation in the lower part of the urinary system, in the urethra.
Blood clots in urine - an alarming symptom, which should be the reason for an urgent examination and the beginning of adequate therapy.
Red shades of urine in conjunction with pain, colic may indicate an infectious inflammation of the kidneys or glomerulonephritis.
Burning, pain when urinating - cystitis, or prostate disease in men.
Frequent urinary urination, red urine, elevated body temperature - inflammation of the infectious etiology in the urinary tract (or prostatitis in men).
Red color of urine in combination with swollen joints is a sign of autoimmune processes.
Swelling of the face, feet, hands and red urine is a possible symptom of glomerulonephritis in the acute stage.
Symptoms of urine red should not be considered harmless as well as excessive panic in this regard. A single appearance of colored urine may be a transient functional condition. Repetition of this symptom, uncomfortable sensations, accompanying painful symptoms is a weighty reason for going to the doctor and undergoing a comprehensive examination.
Quite often hematuria (the presence of erythrocytes in the urine) does not show clinical signs, microhematuria is detected during clinical examination or in the treatment of a disease not directly related to red urine. Therefore, it is important to know - what are the first signs of ailment, to distinguish symptoms and understand when to go to a doctor, and when to simply rest the body or change for a while food habits (false hematuria).
The first signs that should alert and be the reason for a visit to the urologist, nephrologist, therapist:
Drawing pain in the lower abdomen, not caused by food intake, not transient for 2-3 hours.
Pain in the lateral zone of the abdomen, lower back, aching or spasmodic.
Violation of the process of urination (scant discharge, urination with burning or pain).
Urine of atypical color, not caused by the intake of beets, grapes, cranberries and other products that can temporarily change the shade of urine.
Blood clots in urine. Even a single occurrence of them should alert the person and serve as an excuse for passing the examination.
Desires for urination without the implementation of the process itself.
Urine retention for more than 10-12 hours.
Nausea, accompanied by a rise in blood pressure, pain in the back or abdomen.
Periodic urinary incontinence.
Strong persistent swelling is the face, legs.
Urine and feces of a red shade.
The first signs may be subtle, however, any atypical discomfort, a pain symptom in combination with an atypical urine color should signal the onset of the disease. Self-medication in such situations is a risk to lose time and allow the pathological process to develop.
Urine and feces are red
Exercises that are simultaneously colored in red shades are an alarm signal. Urine and feces of red color can be a sign of a normal physiological state in single cases, most often after active use of beets in any of its variants - boiled, raw, stewed. Also urine and feces of red color are after a long intake of tomatoes, fruit of burgundy shade. It is enough to "sit" 2-3 days on a beet or a tomato diet, and excrement will immediately change the color indices. These conditions are considered transient and do not require treatment.
Pathological factors provoking reddening of feces are the following diseases:
Thrombosis of the hemorrhoid veins (hemorrhoids).
YABZH - peptic ulcer of the stomach.
Peptic ulcer disease of the duodenum.
Onkoprotsess in the rectum.
Damage to rectum tissues (cracks).
Tumor of the prostate.
Stones in the ureter.
The listed reasons rarely signal about themselves by a simultaneous change in the color of feces and urine, rather the bleeding of one of the processes intersects with secretions. For example, with hemorrhoids, blood is mixed with urine and feces, or with hematuria of the urolithic etiology, bloody clots stain the feces.
In urological practice, both urine and red feces are considered one of the signs of the terminal oncological process in the rectum with metastases to the bladder.
For other reasons for the appearance of red urine, see this article.
The change in urine, red urine is a clinical symptom, not a disease. Consequences and complications are more generally described as a negative prognosis of the identified underlying disease, which provokes hematuria. About 30-35% of cases of changes in the color of urine are diagnosed as a transient condition - pseudogematuria associated with the intake of products containing plant pigments, physical intensive exercise or medication. True hematuria is indeed a serious symptom, indicating the development of the pathological process or its neglected, terminal stage.
In which situations the consequences and complications can be negative:
Age over 55 years and concomitant resistant microhematuria, especially for elderly men.
Total macrogematuria (risk of loss of blood, development of anemia, acute renal failure - acute renal failure).
Complex of combined anxiety symptoms - chronic pain syndrome, asthenia, swelling, constant subfebrile body temperature, sweating.
The most negative prognosis for detecting tumor processes, accompanied by red urine. The consequences depend on the stage of the disease, the specificity of oncology.
The most dangerous consequences and complications with such nosologies:
The pathological condition of the artery of the kidney is aneurysma.
Such complex conditions and diseases are easier to prevent than to undergo long and persistent treatment, hoping for recovery. Earlier detection of diseases, timely treatment to the doctor, careful and attentive attitude to one's own health is a guarantee of minimizing the risk of complications and negative forecasts.