Osteoma: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

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Last reviewed: 23.04.2024

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Osteoma is a highly differentiated benign tumor, consisting of structures of predominantly lamellar structure.

According to various data, the frequency of osteoma among neoplasms of the skeleton is 1.9-8.0%. Osteoma is most often detected at the age of 10-25 years.

Clinically, the course of osteoma tumors in most patients is asymptomatic; they sometimes complain of small pain. Distinguish between osteoma compact and spongy. The most commonly affected are diaphysis and metadiaphysis of long tubular bones, skull bones. On X-rays and computer tomograms, extra-osseous stratifications of sclerotized bone tissue of the holmoid form are found, smoothly passing into the cortical layer of the bone, less often diffuse lesion with spreading in the direction of the medullary cavity. When scintigraphy of local foci of hyperemia is not detected: hyperfixation of the osteotropic radiopharmaceutical on average is 150%. Differential diagnosis is carried out with osteochondroma, osteoid-osteoma, infantile hyperostosis.

Treatment of osteoma surgical - marginal resection of the tumor.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4]

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