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Maxillofacial Surgeon

Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 01.06.2018

The maxillofacial surgeon is a doctor whose job is to investigate and treat jaw and face diseases. Let's consider what diseases the doctor treats, methods of diagnosis and tips for maintaining health.

The maxillofacial surgeon is the most popular, but at the same time complex medical specialty for today. The face of a person is his business card, it is the appearance that determines the individuality and provides a number of vital functions (breathing, speech, facial expressions, eating). The doctor deals with the treatment of abscesses, periostitis, difficult dentition, inflammation of the salivary glands and maxillary sinuses. The doctor helps with the treatment of facial skeleton injuries, tumors on the bones of the jaws, birth defects, pathologies and deformities.

In the process of treatment, the doctor uses multi-stage surgical methods to treat both children and adults. Special difficulties in the process of surgical treatment arise with the maintenance of a normal respiratory process. The result of treatment of maxillofacial lesions depends on the tactics of his management (anesthesia, surgical intervention, rehabilitation) and the professionalism of doctors.

Who is the maxillofacial surgeon?

Who is the maxillofacial surgeon is a qualified doctor who conducts treatment for oral cavity organs, damaged teeth, pathologies and deformities of the bones of the facial skeleton, neck and face. The area of the disease is innervated and blood supply, so all lesions are painful, leaving behind defects and serious deformities.

The maxillofacial surgeon before the treatment of the disease conducts a detailed diagnosis of the patient. This is due to the fact that the area of treatment has proximity to vital organs and the brain. All this suggests that the maxillofacial surgeon should be a real professional, be able to recognize the symptoms of serious diseases and promptly treat inflammations and lesions of the maxillofacial region.

When should I go to the maxillofacial surgeon?

When should I go to the maxillofacial surgeon for help, and what defects in the jaws and face require compulsory treatment? Let's look at the symptoms of the diseases the doctor is treating, and who need immediate help.

  • Periodontitis - the disease is accompanied by a sharp and growing pain of teeth. Painful sensations are associated with pressure on the nerve endings. Teeth that are affected by periodontitis change color and become mobile.
  • Periostitis is the inflammation of the jaw, which is caused by the remaining after the removal of the root of the tooth, and accompanied by a small compaction on the gum, which gradually affects the soft tissues of the face.
  • Osteomyelitis of the jaws - the symptomatology of the disease is accompanied by pulsating pain in the jaw, chills, headache and high fever. The disease occurs due to the necrotic pulp of the tooth.
  • Abscess is a purulent congestion. The disease is accompanied by weakness, headaches, high fever and other symptoms, which is typical for purulent-inflammatory processes.
  • Lymphadenitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the lymph nodes. Most often affects the head, mouth and throat.

What tests do I need to take when I go to the maxillofacial surgeon?

Treatment of any disease is accompanied by the delivery of tests that help diagnose the cause of the lesion and make the most effective treatment plan that corresponds to the individual characteristics of the patient's body. Standard analyzes, which are mandatory for all patients, are - a general and biochemical blood test, as well as a general urine test.

The maxillofacial surgeon can give direction to a histology, that is, a scraping of the skin from the affected area. If the disease has arisen on the neck and or in the area of the lymph nodes, then the patient needs to pass an analysis for hormones.

What diagnostic methods does the maxillofacial surgeon use?

Diagnostic methods help to determine the disease as accurately as possible, focusing on its symptoms and test results. Let's consider what diagnostic methods are used by the maxillofacial surgeon. The most common method that allows you to visually see the degree of damage is X-ray and intraoral radiography, which is indicated in cases of jaw and teeth lesions.

With defects in teeth and bone tissue, the doctor performs radiovisiographic diagnosis and radiography. For the diagnosis of facial lesions, tomography, MRI, CT, cephalometric radiography is performed.

What does the maxillofacial surgeon do?

What does the maxillofacial surgeon do and what does the doctor do? The specialist deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases, lesions and pathologies of the maxillofacial region. The doctor corrects congenital deformities, malocclusion and conducts aesthetic surgical treatment of the face and neck.

The maxillofacial surgeon deals with the treatment of emergency patients who are treated with injuries and injuries requiring medical care. As a rule, these are people who suffered in accidents and accidents. The doctor diagnoses and treats planned patients, conducts operations. The surgeon accompanies the patient to full recovery.

What diseases does the maxillofacial surgeon treat?

The maxillofacial surgeon is a qualified doctor who treats pathologies and defects in the maxillofacial region. Let's take a closer look at what diseases the doctor treats. All diseases are divided into certain groups, which depend on the causes of the lesions. The groups include tumors, inflammation, trauma, as well as acquired and birth defects.

In the process of work, the maxillofacial surgeon interacts with plastic surgeons, oncologists, neurosurgeons, otolaryngologists and other specialists who help to make an accurate diagnosis and find a cure.

Maxillofacial surgeon's advice

Tips of the maxillofacial surgeon are valuable recommendations and answers to questions of interest to many patients. Let's look at some advice from a doctor.

  • Compliance with oral hygiene is the simplest method of maintaining and maintaining dental health. Preventative examinations at the dentist will help to identify the presence of diseases and start treatment on time. Healthy teeth are a guarantee that the help and treatment at the maxillofacial surgeon will not be required.
  • Implantation is the process of introduction and replacement in the body of lost organs with the help of materials of non-biological origin. The main advantages of implantation are a 100% aesthetic result when it comes to dental implants, and most importantly the safety of this method.
  • Congenital defects of the maxillofacial area must be treated from early childhood. This will help to avoid difficulties and discomfort in adolescence and adulthood.

The maxillofacial surgeon is a qualified doctor whose task is to timely diagnose and properly treat jaw and face lesions. For this, the doctor uses modern diagnostic techniques and methods of treatment.

It is important to know!

The surgeon (from the ancient Greek "act by hand") is a medical specialist engaged in surgical (surgical) treatment of various kinds of acute and chronic diseases. Read more..

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