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A masseuse is a person who professionally kneads, squeezes, rubs the body. A competent masseur knows that for each client a certain technique and technique is needed, in accordance with the diagnosis. In addition, the massage should have the right dose, only in this case the body feels pleasantly warm, relaxed, noticeably improves well-being and tones.

Wrong holding of the massage threatens with weakness and a sense of weakness after the session. If such a reaction is observed in relatively healthy people, then in a person who is weakened by a disease or a child whose sensitivity of the nervous system is much higher, the consequences can be much worse.

When choosing a masseur, many are guided by the advice of friends, but in addition to good recommendations, the masseur's qualification is very important, to which we trust our health. Such an indicator as a masseur's qualification is quite an important criterion, since the assignment to a specialist of a certain qualification takes place strictly according to the normative medical documents, after passing certain examinations.

A third-class masseur has graduated from an educational institution or courses in the specialty of "masseur", he is able to use some massage techniques, performs basic or hygienic massage of the whole body or one part.

The masseur of the II category - perfectly knows the technique of massage, is able to perform massage according to a certain technique (with fractures, with hypertension, etc.). In addition, he is able to notice the reaction of the patient's body to massage techniques and correct his actions in time.

Specialist of the I category, to the previous pluses the ability to independently determine the necessary technique is added, as well as a masseur of the 1st category can diagnose, formulate a method of treatment and, as a result, take a successful course for recovery.

Specialist of the highest category. In this case, a person already has his own development in the field of massage, he can publish books, have his own school.

When should I go to the masseur?

A professional masseur is at times capable of a miracle. The healing effect of massage under certain circumstances has a greater effect than medications. A good doctor, if possible, simply can not advise his patient to undergo a massage course as an alternative to drug treatment. But, unfortunately, now most doctors prefer not to shy away from traditional means, and massage is recommended as an additional means.

If you decide that you need a course of massage procedures, then you should find a good masseur, a professional in your field. If the masseur is mediocre, then a really good result massage will not bring, both physically and morally. When looking for a masseur, do not rely solely on advertising, in this case it is better to listen to reviews about a specialist. Now massage is quite popular, so you can get to know your friends, acquaintances, etc.

In the massage room, pay attention to the equipment, especially on the massage table, which should be for every good specialist. Currently, both stationary and portable massage tables are widely used. The latter option is convenient because, if possible, taking into account the patient's condition or financial possibilities, the masseur can go home.

In what cases is massage necessary? As a healing procedure, massage is recommended for any disorders of the nervous system. Massage can be relaxing or, conversely, toning. Relaxing is recommended for insomnia, nervous overexcitation, etc., and tonic is necessary for drowsiness, apathy.

The periodic course of massage is necessary for those who work is connected with monotonous activity, requiring constant stress of some parts of the body (work at the computer). In this case, back problems caused by violation of posture (scoliosis, kyphosis, etc.) often begin.

Currently, one in five people aged after 30 years old suffers from osteochondrosis (severe spinal cord injury). Therefore, 2 courses of massage a year will relieve the severe symptoms of this disease, and help lead an active lifestyle.

Recommended massage for diseases of the respiratory system: frequent colds, chronic bronchitis, etc. In this case, it is ideal to make honey massage, as well as use a variety of phytopreparations.

Massage perfectly restores the functions of many systems of our body, especially immunity, it is recommended to carry out it after long illnesses, as well as with frequent headaches, overweight.

Massage has a certain psychological effect on a person. A sense of pleasure accompanies each procedure of massage, a person is removed from problems, worries, work. Massage works well with depressive conditions (a great alternative to antidepressants). Special methods of antistress massage will help to get rid of chronic fatigue, strengthen immunity, normalize sleep. 99% of residents of large cities need anti-stress massage. Fatigue, irritability, bad mood, low working capacity - all this will disappear after one procedure, and a full course of massage will return vitality and will help in the further to overcome stressful situations with the least risk for your nervous system. This effect of relaxing massage is achieved by activating the processes of natural self-regulation in the body. The relaxing effect of the massage not only calms, improves the mental and physical state, but also leads our body into a state of "combat readiness" before an important meeting, an exam, a surgical operation (if there are no contraindications), etc.

In general, massage is recommended not only for certain diseases of the musculoskeletal system, it will be useful to anyone and everyone who is involved with heavy, hard work, is prone to nervous stress and stressful situations. In addition to the healing and healing effect, massage is used as an excellent cosmetic. Aging of the skin, cellulite, muscle flabbiness and other similar problems are eliminated by special massage techniques and procedures.

What tests should I take when I go to a massage therapist?

When referring to a massage therapist, in fact, it is not required to hand over any special tests. But there are a number of contraindications to massage techniques, so it will be better to take tests and exclude possible contraindications, so as not to harm your own body.

Not recommended massage, in case you have:

  • fever and acute inflammatory processes. In this case, it is necessary to give a general blood test, which will show active inflammatory processes in the body.
  • bleeding and addictions to them. Massage can be started only after consultation with a gynecologist.
  • tuberculosis. To exclude the disease, you need to do an X-ray examination of the lungs.
  • syphilis. To exclude the diagnosis, blood is given for analysis.
  • oncological diseases (before surgical treatment).
  • varicose veins, trophic ulcers.
  • aneurysm of blood vessels.

Before taking a massage course, it is best to consult a doctor about the possible consequences. In addition, it is necessary before the massage procedures to warn the masseur of the concomitant diseases, so that he can adjust his technique and not harm you.

What diagnostic methods does the massage therapist use?

Massage, first of all, is necessary for healthy people for preventive purposes. In this case, no additional diagnosis is required.

In case of illnesses, the masseur relies on the data obtained in the diagnosis of the disease, on which a therapeutic massage is prescribed.

Massage is prescribed most often with back pain. Common causes of pain in the back is osteochondrosis, there may also be a violation of posture. For the diagnosis of diseases of the back, an x-ray examination of the diseased part of the back is performed, this may be the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral parts. Also, the x-ray is done with various injuries (bruises, sprains, fractures). In this case, a restorative massage is prescribed, the purpose of which is to restore the normal functioning of damaged parts of the body.

X-ray examination is prescribed in most cases of problems of the musculoskeletal system. If the massage is shown in diseases of other organs, the masseuse often uses ready-made research results, and, taking into account the patient's condition and disease, develops massage techniques.

Practically always the masseur diagnoses a sick part by a method of a palpation. He gently probes the place, identifying the most painful areas.

What does the masseur do?

Massage has long been known as a therapeutic and prophylactic procedure, it can be done practically without exception: to children, and adults, and healthy and sick. Today, more than a hundred varieties of massage are known, all of them were formed over the centuries in different countries, that is why in every massage technique there is an imprint of the traditions of the people that is peculiar to one or another culture. But, in whatever country there is a massage technique and how they all did not differ from each other - they all have one common quality - an undeniable benefit for the body.

Today, the following massage techniques have been widely used:

  1. Classical massage contains various techniques of affecting the body: stroking, rubbing, kneading, efflorescing, vibrations, etc. The choice of massage technique in each case occurs individually, taking into account the disease. Classical massage helps to restore the functions of organs or systems. He noticeably relieves pain, relaxes, relieves nervous tension. As a rule, classical massage is prescribed, as a rule, together with medicines, due to which the process of recovery proceeds more quickly.
  2. Prophylactic massage. The purpose of this massage is to prevent the development of various diseases (cardiovascular, atherosclerosis, gynecological, etc.). Periodic course of preventive massage allows improving blood circulation, metabolism, increase the body's defenses.
  3. Therapeutic massage is widely used in various medical fields: neurology, cosmetology, dentistry, gynecology, orthopedics, etc. Therapeutic massage restores health and is part of a rehabilitation complex whose purpose is to restore the body's functions, disturbed for various reasons. It is used for injuries or pathological conditions.
  4. Sports massage improves the general condition and prevents diseases of the musculoskeletal system. There are two types of sports massage: preparatory, in which muscles are toned up, strengthened, usually it is carried out before exercise (speeches, training) and restorative, which is used after sports to restore strength and relax the muscles.
  5. Hygienic massage. Special techniques of massage actions (rubbing, squeezing, kneading, vibration, etc.) help to strengthen health, as well as preserve the functions of the body. High efficiency is observed in everyday procedures, in the morning or in the evening.
  6. Cosmetic massage. In this case, it is better to trust a professional masseur, since the expert is familiar with the process of physiological processes in the tissues, therefore the risk of disturbance of these processes with professional massage is reduced to zero. This kind of massage has a local character, it is necessary as a means of skin care, in order to prevent aging, as well as for skin tone. Cosmetic massage can be hygienic, preventive, curative.
  7. Anti-cellulite massage shows a good effect in a systematic long-term use. The result of special massage actions are the destruction of fat deposits, increase the elasticity and elasticity of the skin. Anti-cellulite massage uses rubbing, kneading, shifting techniques, as well as chopping, manual vibration, circular kneading, etc. After the massage session, a short-term inflammation in the form of painful sensations, redness, swelling, etc. May appear at the massage site.
  8. Relax massage is a good method of restoring and strengthening the body. The technique is aimed at relaxing the muscles. Relax massage with the right technique allows you to achieve a state very close to mediation. There are several types of relaxing massages, most of them originated in the eastern countries. Probably for this reason, with relaxation massage, it is important to create a certain atmosphere, for example, the aroma of massage oils.
  9. Children's massage is useful for every child, without exception. Massage regulates the work of the nervous system, strengthens muscles, helps in the formation of proper posture. Massage techniques can prevent the development of diseases associated with the musculoskeletal system. Children's massage is recommended for children, with existing diseases, and absolutely healthy children, as prevention and general improvement of the body.
  10. Thai massage. This technique is traditional for Eastern countries. Massage is aimed at restoring the right energy flow in the body. For such a technique, a characteristic feature is that the patient and the masseur must come to complete unity, both physical and spiritual. For a physical contact, a special massage is used, namely the transfer of the body of the masseur to a certain area of the patient's body. To achieve a spiritual rapprochement, a soothing atmosphere, aromas, etc. Are used.

What kind of diseases does the masseur handle?

Therapeutic massage is indicated for many diseases. With certain types of massage, a positive result is achieved in the treatment of a particular disease.

In case of hypotrophy (chronic eating disorder), a special type of therapeutic massage is appointed, which increases the tone, normalizes metabolism, activates the body's defenses. Massage is carried out with the help of smooth, gentle movements, so as not to provoke inflammatory processes. When the disease is of moderate severity, stroking methods are used.

Dysplasia (abnormal development of organs, tissues, parts of the body) is treated with the help of massage procedures, which include stroking, rubbing techniques, soft kneading of the gluteal zone. It is not superfluous here to be a point massaging of the gluteal muscles. Also, with dysplasia, the vibrational method is actively used.

With congenital clubfoot massage therapist uses special techniques of massaging the feet, shins.

Congenital muscular torticollis (develops due to birth trauma). Good efficiency is provided by acupressure. When congenital, the curve is massaged in a dotted manner in the area of the joints of the muscles with the clavicle, in particular the mastoid process, which is located behind the ear, and, as is known, it is in the ears region that a large number of points are located. Knowing the technique of acupressure allows you to treat almost any disease.

Important is massage for a group of muscles on the feet, fingers, shins. For external muscles of the shin and feet, three massage techniques are used: stroking, rubbing, vibration.

Quite often massage techniques are used in the treatment of diseases of internal organs, for example, the liver - in this case two types of massage are possible: direct and indirect massage of the hepatic tissue. With indirect massage, rubbing, shaking, stroking is used, but this type is rarely used. An indirect massage is preferred, which is performed by pressing the diaphragm on the liver with a deep inspiration and pressure of the abdominal when exhaled.

To treat sinusitis, massage techniques for the facial sinuses are used. Usually, the massage procedure lasts about a minute, the process uses pressure, rubbing, point techniques.

A special massage technique has been developed to treat inflammation of the prostate. Massage actions occur by means of action (stroking, pressing) on the inflamed area in the rectum.

In diseases of the digestive organs, massage procedures are also used in complex treatment. Usually, massage is used in the area of the back, abdomen, and lateral areas. In this case, all movements should be smooth, soft, without sharp jerks. Much attention should be given to stroking and rubbing, after which there may be a significant alleviation of the pain syndrome. After the pain subsides a little, you can use kneading and percussion techniques.

Chronic inflammations of the uterus and other gynecological diseases are treated with gynecological massage effects. Such massage significantly improves the patient's condition, especially with severe pain in the coccyx, uterus.

Good massage helps with arthrosis of the ankle joint. The procedure consists of three actions: rubbing, stroking, comb-like techniques.

With the help of massage techniques, you can raise or lower the pressure by affecting certain points in the upper back. If you need to lower the pressure - do not use percussion techniques, otherwise you can achieve the opposite result.

Massage can be used for many diseases, but it is not the only treatment. Usually, massage techniques are used as an anesthetic and auxiliaries for the treatment of diseases. Massage procedures are recommended to combine with other types of treatment.

Tips of a masseuse doctor

When nervous, irritable conditions, you need, first of all, to relax. Pleasant music, a warm bath will calm down a little, relieve tension in the muscles. If there is a close person nearby, he can massage his shoulders a little, with soft, stroking movements. With a nervous surge, it is the shoulders and upper back that ache. If there is no one nearby, you can do self-massage, which is quite difficult to do on your own in this area. You can use a variety of massagers, for example, wooden.

Massage is not only a method of treatment, but also the prevention of various diseases, and children's massage is an excellent means of influencing a small organism. Naturally, therapeutic exercises and massage are suitable for any age, but for small children massage is the most important procedure.

Wellness massage improves not only the physical state of the child, but also mental. Massage deals well with such childhood ailments as intestinal colic, hypertonus, hypotension, dysplasia, etc. Massage develops the skills and abilities of the baby, promotes weight gain, healthy and sound sleep, boosts the immune forces. A timely massage helps prevent flat feet, clubfoot, and torticollis. It is not recommended to use for children's massage cream, lotions with a pronounced odor, since allergic reactions are possible, it is best to use a normal children's cream. Massage is best in a well-ventilated room, hands must be clean and warm, it is better to remove rings, bracelets, as they can injure the delicate baby skin. To slide on the baby's body was optimal, it's enough just to lubricate your own hands with a cream, do not lubricate the child's skin abundantly, as this can clog the pores, which is not very good. Massage should be done on a firm basis, for example on a table covered with a diaper or blanket. Movements should be soft, gentle, stroking. In this case, you should avoid sharp, pressing techniques.

Like any remedy, the massage should be "eaten" dosed. For therapeutic and prophylactic purposes, the massage course is recommended to be performed 2 times a year, for 10-15 sessions, depending on the clinical picture.

The masseur has recently gained great popularity, he is being approached not only for therapeutic massage, but also for relaxing, cosmetic, etc. Today, a large number of massage techniques are used, with the help of which the body is maximally relaxed, which is important in our modern life full of stresses . Constantly nervous tension leads not only to fatigue, depression, irritability, insomnia, but can provoke various diseases, even oncological ones. Therefore, massage, in modern conditions of our life, plays an important role not only in the treatment, but also in the prevention of many diseases, not only the body, but also the soul.

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Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 24.06.2018
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